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The british film industry2


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The british film industry2

  1. 1. BRITISH CINEMA <ul><li>Final topic </li></ul>
  2. 2. FILM FESTIVALS – THE POWER OF CANNES <ul><li>Recap </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is a British Film? What did the PM, David Cameron propose was best for the future of GB film? What did Charlie Brooker say in retaliation?
  4. 4. Surviving in the Shadows <ul><li>What did Alan Parker have to say about British film? </li></ul><ul><li>Which do feel is the most important point made by Parker? </li></ul><ul><li>Why is it seen as one of the most dynamic industries in the world? </li></ul><ul><li>What has the government done to improve the film industry? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do British films find it hard to reach their market? </li></ul><ul><li>What could turn to British industrial control for the first time in 50 years? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Activity <ul><li>Complete the production, distribution and exhibition table for British Cinema. </li></ul><ul><li>Where can they find funding? </li></ul><ul><li>Where do they go for distribution? </li></ul><ul><li>Where are they exhibited? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Two models <ul><li>Independent </li></ul><ul><li>Production </li></ul><ul><li>Distribution </li></ul><ul><li>Exhibition </li></ul><ul><li>Conglomerate </li></ul><ul><li>Production </li></ul><ul><li>Distribution </li></ul><ul><li>Exhibition </li></ul>
  7. 7. “ Who’ll keep the cameras rolling?” <ul><li>“ The desired conclusion for the British film industry is self sufficiency, a time when movies will be made without US interference and the profits will flow back to the pot and fund fresh productions . The Industry has traditionally been so shackled to the Hollywood system of funding and distribution that filmmakers have long been forced to sell of the Intellectual property rights to their movies in order to get them (a) made and (b) seen . This, no doubt, was what the culture secretary, Jeremy Hunt, was referring to when he described Slumdog Millionnaire as ‘a creative success for Film4 but a financial success for Fox Searchlight’ ” </li></ul>
  8. 8. 2010 studio backed films
  9. 9. Questions to ask ourselves <ul><li>Who funds and distributes most British films now? </li></ul><ul><li>How far do you think a ‘self-sufficient’ British film industry is possible or desirable? </li></ul>
  10. 11. BBC Films and Film4: British TV as film producers How important is British TV to British film?
  11. 13. Peter Buckingham, former head of distribution and exhibition at the UK film council: <ul><li>“ Previously the focus has all been on cinemas, on finding a home for independent British films in a distribution system that is largely controlled by the US studios, with all the loss of freedom and revenue that this entails. But as we evolve from an analogue to a digital landscape , the game is bound to change . The rise of social media points to a time where every producer can become a push button publisher and where international distribution is no longer in the hands of the Hollywood gatekeeper . Except that we have some way to go to reach that point.” </li></ul>
  12. 14. Digital technology <ul><li>How far is digital media – evident in digital projection in cinemas, DVD ‘sell-troughs'’, video on demand and exhibition on the web –already significant? </li></ul>
  13. 15. Activity <ul><li>If Britain cannot complete on the world stage, and retiring to a ‘cottage industry’ style of production is not moving forward, what approach should British film take? </li></ul><ul><li>CONSIDER DEVELOPMENTS IN PRODUCTION, DISTRIBUTION, AND EXHIBITION. </li></ul>
  14. 16. INDEPENDENT FILM <ul><li>Film produced mostly outside the major studio. Normally not mass marketed. Majority are partially produced and distributed by a major studio, less than half of the budget most come from a major studio to be considered independent. </li></ul>
  15. 17. Differences <ul><li>Independent </li></ul><ul><li>Mainstream </li></ul><ul><li>Not profit driven </li></ul><ul><li>Usually about tackling issues </li></ul><ul><li>Audience is forgotten </li></ul><ul><li>Usually made by auteurs </li></ul><ul><li>Paranormal activity budget $15,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Usually grow in popularity at the cinema </li></ul><ul><li>DVDs sales and rereleases biggest return </li></ul><ul><li>Promote through word of mouth </li></ul><ul><li>Made for profit </li></ul><ul><li>Appeal to as many people as possible </li></ul><ul><li>Avatar budget $237 million poss $150 million on promotion and advertising! </li></ul><ul><li>Will take the most money in the vital opening weekend </li></ul>
  16. 18. ‘ Indiewood’ <ul><li>Many of the films these days are ‘Indiewood’ made by an independent director but funded by Hollywood through their ‘independent’ film production companies such as Fox Searchlight and Paramount vantage. </li></ul><ul><li>Financed by tent pole movies made by the parent company </li></ul><ul><li>Goes against the idea of what independent is! </li></ul>
  17. 19. Example of independent films that have achieved success! <ul><li>Paranormal activity </li></ul><ul><li>Juno </li></ul><ul><li>Lost in Translation </li></ul><ul><li>In Bruges </li></ul><ul><li>Donnie Darko </li></ul>
  18. 20. British film industry may suffer though as more talent moves to Hollywood! Digital technology may keep them at home?
  19. 21. <ul><li>How do you view the consumer of films? </li></ul><ul><li>Is he or she using this form of entertainment for escapism, or companionship, or entertainment? </li></ul><ul><li>Is he or she the victim of advertising and marketing when making choices of what to see, or is he or she perfectly able to make his or her choices? </li></ul>
  20. 22. Industry and audiences <ul><li>Produce a diagram to show the relationship between audiences and the film industry. This can take the form you choose but you should aim to include the product somewhere too. </li></ul><ul><li>Consider how producers exert pressure on audiences and vice versa </li></ul>
  21. 23. Power <ul><li>Fan </li></ul><ul><li>Industry </li></ul>
  22. 24. Power <ul><li>Fan - on the increase with new technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Word of mouth </li></ul><ul><li>Websites </li></ul><ul><li>Emails </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile phones </li></ul><ul><li>Text messaging </li></ul><ul><li>Fan clubs </li></ul><ul><li>Conventions </li></ul><ul><li>Been able to dictate slow burning cult movies out of ones that have initially flopped </li></ul><ul><li>Industry - on the increase due to rise in conglomerates </li></ul><ul><li>They can now: </li></ul><ul><li>Make, finance and distribute their own film </li></ul><ul><li>Reviewing films in newspapers/TV/radio stations </li></ul><ul><li>Publish film scripts/soundtracks </li></ul><ul><li>Screening films via cinema/TV channels </li></ul>