Humphrey jennings

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Humphrey jennings

  1. 1. The British Documentary Movement and different types Week 3
  2. 2. Activity <ul><li>Notions of real </li></ul>
  3. 3. Types of documentary form
  4. 4. The expository mode <ul><li>Most commonly used form uses a ‘voice of god’ narration to shape the subject and the audience in relation to it </li></ul><ul><li>Narrator has a power granted by the fact that they cannot be seen. Words take on an authority by the style and tone of delivery. </li></ul><ul><li>This film will often utilise the techniques of the fiction film - such as use of filters, tracking, craning, dissolves. Images will do little more than to support the voiceover </li></ul><ul><li>Has views are always mediated by voiceover, this form has strict control over meanings and response </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly adopted for propaganda purposes </li></ul>
  5. 5. Observational mode <ul><li>Seems the most authentic in dealing with the real as it presents itself as simply recording what happens in front of the camera </li></ul><ul><li>Long takes, lack of editing, not polished soundtracks, absence of narrator (sounds like events are being overheard), continuity editing. </li></ul><ul><li>Popularised by new wave in late 50s in UK, France in late 50s through cinema verite, in America with direct cinema in 1960s. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Reflexive mode <ul><li>Most difficult to apply - as it not only looks at its subject but draws on how it constructs the documentary. </li></ul><ul><li>Less about the filmmaker and the subject and more about the documentary techniques and the audience. Like Chris Marker. </li></ul><ul><li>In Wim Wenders Notebook on Clothes and Cities, the designing and cutting of the cloth is likened to the editing of the film and the audience can see the footage in a small monitor being played. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Interactive mode <ul><li>Often considered the purest as dies not try to hide its medium (the filmmaker or the process) </li></ul><ul><li>Interact with subject, effects with there being a camera </li></ul><ul><li>Interviews very popular to shape the doc (important to note that interviewers can that shape the questions with what they ask or more importantly what they don’t ask!) </li></ul><ul><li>Nick Broomfield encourages subjects to interact with him and his camera through his personality based documentaries in the late 1990’s. </li></ul><ul><li>Presents himself as bumbling, almost amateurish deliberately to get more results </li></ul><ul><li>Owes much to his personality - direct approach, willingness to ask awkward questions. </li></ul>
  8. 8. FIND ME AN EXAMPLE OF EACH
  9. 9. Nick Broomfield <ul><li>What type of films does Nick Broomfield make? </li></ul>

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