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From technological innovation
to Medical Practice
Towards new algorithms
LGM Sciences
Symposium Given Imaging Covidien
(GI Solutions), Paris, 2014
1
This presentation is a text under Creative Commons.
Contents
Introduction								
The Old and the New							
Jean-Paul Galmiche, Bruno Richard-Molard
Esophageal pathology and digestive motility
High resolution manometry and the Bravo capsule: 				
are there real improvements compared with reference techniques ?
Frank Zerbib
Smartpill: A new methodology 						
for the study of digestive motility
Philippe Ducrotté
Capsule endoscopy and esophageal pathology				
What should we expect
Sylvie Sacher-Huvelin
Endoscopic treatment of Barrett’s esophagus				
by radiofrequency ablation		 41
Gabriel Rahmi, Christophe Cellier
New developments in the exploration of the small intestine
by videocapsule endoscopy?
The small bowel video capsule: a new device 				
for new levels of performance?	 				
Gabriel Rahmi
The small bowel capsule and management of patients
with inflammatory bowel disease
Arnaud Bourreille
Recent data and potential new indications for capsule
endoscopy in the exploration of the small intestine	
Xavier Dray
Colon video capsule endoscopy
Pill Cam Colon 2 colon capsule endoscopy
versus standard colonoscopy:
results of studies in Europe and the United States
Michel Delvaux, Gérard Gay
Colon Capsule endoscopy in incomplete colonoscopy 			
Cesare Hassan
French National Colon Capsule Endoscopy Observatory (ONECC).
Evaluation and first lessons
Jean-Christophe Saurin
Current issues in colorectal cancer screening in France
Robert Benamouzig
Online E-Learning Course. An innovative, new training tool
for reading Colon Capsule Endoscopy Videos
Raphael Rabinovitz, Iddo Ambor, KaiWatanabe
To cite this book,
please state the following : :
From innovation to medical practice. Towards new
algorithms. Galmiche JP. and Richard-Molard B.,
eds. Rouen : Le Grand Métier (LGM), 2014.
1
Introduction
The Old and the New
"Das Neue wächst nicht einfach aus dem Alten
heraus, sondern tritt an seine Seite und eliminiert
es im Wettbewerb." Joseph Schumpeter (1883-
1950), economist and inventor of Creative
Destruction.
Innovation is, in medicine, as indeed in many areas of science, indus-
try, and even art, a key issue. It shapes medical progress to a great
extent, and this can be assessed using different indicators such as life
expectancy, morbidity, resulting costs (direct and indirect), quality of
life, and patient satisfaction. From this point of view, it is not incorrect
to measure the dynamism of a discipline by the number and quality
of associated innovations that may be developed and implemented –
in practice, to the stage of commercialization and funding by social
security systems. This approach is, in France, as in most developed
countries, tightly controlled by a set of methodological, legal, and ad-
ministrative procedures whose onerous nature does not need further
emphasis, but which seem to be a necessary prerequisite to ensure,
on behalf of the sacrosanct principle of precaution, the safety of the
“consumer” – in this instance the patient (this term being used in the
broad sense, including, for example, individuals undergoing scree-
ning). Apart from the agencies responsible for this evaluation, which
aims, a priori, to be objective, it is increasingly clear that many players
have a stake in the process of recognizing innovation, for example,
patients’ associations and political or economic pressure groups (“lob-
bies”).To these players must finally be added the growing influence of
the media, always on the lookout for the latest moral or public-health
“scandal”, leading to repeated calls for transparency and the denun-
ciation of conflicts of interest.The result of this is a general climate of
suspicion towards the medical profession, and especially its relations
with the biomedical industry.
What is the situation in gastroenterology?The second half of the twen-
tieth century has witnessed major advances, which have resulted in a
hitherto unprecedented increase in life expectancy, the disappearance
2
From technological innovation to medical practice
of certain diseases (such as peptic ulcer disease), and the use of ima-
ging techniques that are increasingly performant and decreasingly in-
vasive: ultrasound, CT, MRI... It is only fair to recognize the impor-
tant contribution of industry in this progress, even though academic
research, notably in the biological field, has also played a crucial role.
In reality, it would be pointless and even foolish to oppose academic
research and industrial research and development, as it is clear that we,
doctors and patients, need their cooperation and their partnership if
we are to address with any chance of success the many challenges that
we face in this new century. We must, therefore, with due respect to
the naysayers, develop, and even stake a claim to, the collaborations of
our discipline with industry, even beyond the usual boundaries of the
biomedical industry.
Endoscopy, both diagnostic and interventional, represents one of the
most exemplary aspects of what medicine, and in particular hepato-
gastroenterology, can expect from technological advances.The advent
of capsule endoscopy in the 2000s was a major technological leap
rendering the small bowel (finally!) accessible to reliable exploration.
It is clear that the adventure continues with promising new fields of
investigation, in particular for the colon. In the therapeutic domain,
the treatment of high-grade dysplasia in Barrett’s esophagus has be-
nefited in the past decade from modern endoscopic treatments, no-
tably radiofrequency ablation (unfortunately not currently available in
France), relegating invasive and mutilating surgical resection almost to
the history of medicine. Finally, the functional exploration of the di-
gestive system is too often equated with a set of costly and unnecessary
gadgets; however, this point of view would not withstand a serious and
objective examination of the facts when considering, for example, the
cost of the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux (PPI prescriptions –
justified or not, absenteeism from work, sleep disorders) or the impact
of chest pain of extracardiac origin on quality of life ...
It is, thus, with these reflections in mind that we have assembled with
our colleagues from Given Imaging Covidien (GI Solutions) the pro-
gram of this symposium and the content of this book.
This is intended to be a convincing illustration of the present and fu-
ture impact of technological innovations in medical practice, as de-
3
Introduction
monstrated in several algorithms of the book. We hope that this book
will meet your expectations, from a scientific as well as a didactic and
editorial point of view.We extend our sincere gratitude to the authors,
who agreed to provide us, with timeliness, with high quality texts, and
also to the moderators and reviewers of the book. Finally, our thanks
go to Given Imaging Covidien, and more particularly to Luis Miguel
Deretz and Philippe Pommier, without whom this symposium and
book would not have been possible.
.
Jean Paul Galmiche		 Bruno Richard-Molard
Scientific Coordinator		 President of the French 			
					Society of Digestive Endoscopy
					(SFED)
Chairman				Chairman
4
From technological innovation to medical practice

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presentation of the book of the Covidien GI Solutions symposium

  • 1. From technological innovation to Medical Practice Towards new algorithms LGM Sciences Symposium Given Imaging Covidien (GI Solutions), Paris, 2014 1
  • 2. This presentation is a text under Creative Commons.
  • 3. Contents Introduction The Old and the New Jean-Paul Galmiche, Bruno Richard-Molard Esophageal pathology and digestive motility High resolution manometry and the Bravo capsule: are there real improvements compared with reference techniques ? Frank Zerbib Smartpill: A new methodology for the study of digestive motility Philippe Ducrotté Capsule endoscopy and esophageal pathology What should we expect Sylvie Sacher-Huvelin Endoscopic treatment of Barrett’s esophagus by radiofrequency ablation 41 Gabriel Rahmi, Christophe Cellier New developments in the exploration of the small intestine by videocapsule endoscopy? The small bowel video capsule: a new device for new levels of performance? Gabriel Rahmi The small bowel capsule and management of patients with inflammatory bowel disease Arnaud Bourreille
  • 4. Recent data and potential new indications for capsule endoscopy in the exploration of the small intestine Xavier Dray Colon video capsule endoscopy Pill Cam Colon 2 colon capsule endoscopy versus standard colonoscopy: results of studies in Europe and the United States Michel Delvaux, Gérard Gay Colon Capsule endoscopy in incomplete colonoscopy Cesare Hassan French National Colon Capsule Endoscopy Observatory (ONECC). Evaluation and first lessons Jean-Christophe Saurin Current issues in colorectal cancer screening in France Robert Benamouzig Online E-Learning Course. An innovative, new training tool for reading Colon Capsule Endoscopy Videos Raphael Rabinovitz, Iddo Ambor, KaiWatanabe To cite this book, please state the following : : From innovation to medical practice. Towards new algorithms. Galmiche JP. and Richard-Molard B., eds. Rouen : Le Grand Métier (LGM), 2014.
  • 5. 1 Introduction The Old and the New "Das Neue wächst nicht einfach aus dem Alten heraus, sondern tritt an seine Seite und eliminiert es im Wettbewerb." Joseph Schumpeter (1883- 1950), economist and inventor of Creative Destruction. Innovation is, in medicine, as indeed in many areas of science, indus- try, and even art, a key issue. It shapes medical progress to a great extent, and this can be assessed using different indicators such as life expectancy, morbidity, resulting costs (direct and indirect), quality of life, and patient satisfaction. From this point of view, it is not incorrect to measure the dynamism of a discipline by the number and quality of associated innovations that may be developed and implemented – in practice, to the stage of commercialization and funding by social security systems. This approach is, in France, as in most developed countries, tightly controlled by a set of methodological, legal, and ad- ministrative procedures whose onerous nature does not need further emphasis, but which seem to be a necessary prerequisite to ensure, on behalf of the sacrosanct principle of precaution, the safety of the “consumer” – in this instance the patient (this term being used in the broad sense, including, for example, individuals undergoing scree- ning). Apart from the agencies responsible for this evaluation, which aims, a priori, to be objective, it is increasingly clear that many players have a stake in the process of recognizing innovation, for example, patients’ associations and political or economic pressure groups (“lob- bies”).To these players must finally be added the growing influence of the media, always on the lookout for the latest moral or public-health “scandal”, leading to repeated calls for transparency and the denun- ciation of conflicts of interest.The result of this is a general climate of suspicion towards the medical profession, and especially its relations with the biomedical industry. What is the situation in gastroenterology?The second half of the twen- tieth century has witnessed major advances, which have resulted in a hitherto unprecedented increase in life expectancy, the disappearance
  • 6. 2 From technological innovation to medical practice of certain diseases (such as peptic ulcer disease), and the use of ima- ging techniques that are increasingly performant and decreasingly in- vasive: ultrasound, CT, MRI... It is only fair to recognize the impor- tant contribution of industry in this progress, even though academic research, notably in the biological field, has also played a crucial role. In reality, it would be pointless and even foolish to oppose academic research and industrial research and development, as it is clear that we, doctors and patients, need their cooperation and their partnership if we are to address with any chance of success the many challenges that we face in this new century. We must, therefore, with due respect to the naysayers, develop, and even stake a claim to, the collaborations of our discipline with industry, even beyond the usual boundaries of the biomedical industry. Endoscopy, both diagnostic and interventional, represents one of the most exemplary aspects of what medicine, and in particular hepato- gastroenterology, can expect from technological advances.The advent of capsule endoscopy in the 2000s was a major technological leap rendering the small bowel (finally!) accessible to reliable exploration. It is clear that the adventure continues with promising new fields of investigation, in particular for the colon. In the therapeutic domain, the treatment of high-grade dysplasia in Barrett’s esophagus has be- nefited in the past decade from modern endoscopic treatments, no- tably radiofrequency ablation (unfortunately not currently available in France), relegating invasive and mutilating surgical resection almost to the history of medicine. Finally, the functional exploration of the di- gestive system is too often equated with a set of costly and unnecessary gadgets; however, this point of view would not withstand a serious and objective examination of the facts when considering, for example, the cost of the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux (PPI prescriptions – justified or not, absenteeism from work, sleep disorders) or the impact of chest pain of extracardiac origin on quality of life ... It is, thus, with these reflections in mind that we have assembled with our colleagues from Given Imaging Covidien (GI Solutions) the pro- gram of this symposium and the content of this book. This is intended to be a convincing illustration of the present and fu- ture impact of technological innovations in medical practice, as de-
  • 7. 3 Introduction monstrated in several algorithms of the book. We hope that this book will meet your expectations, from a scientific as well as a didactic and editorial point of view.We extend our sincere gratitude to the authors, who agreed to provide us, with timeliness, with high quality texts, and also to the moderators and reviewers of the book. Finally, our thanks go to Given Imaging Covidien, and more particularly to Luis Miguel Deretz and Philippe Pommier, without whom this symposium and book would not have been possible. . Jean Paul Galmiche Bruno Richard-Molard Scientific Coordinator President of the French Society of Digestive Endoscopy (SFED) Chairman Chairman
  • 8. 4 From technological innovation to medical practice