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Electoral College


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A slideshow explaining the electoral college with the information from the 2004 election information as the focus. An update needs to be made for the 2008 election.

Published in: News & Politics
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Electoral College

  1. 1. How is the President Elected?
  2. 2. Electoral College <ul><li>Definition- </li></ul><ul><li>a body of electors chosen by the voters in each state to elect the President and Vice President of the U.S. </li></ul>
  3. 3. History Behind It <ul><li>As laid out originally in the Constitution, the election process was meant to be a contest of individuals not political parties. With an individual like George Washington, whose popularity cut across all groups, this system worked well enough. But during the two elections that followed, the rise of political factions produced some unexpected outcomes. As a result, the 12th Amendment, which changed the way the vice president is elected, was ratified in 1804. </li></ul>
  4. 4. History Continued <ul><li>Today when an elector casts his ballot he lists one person as his choice for president and another as his choice for vice president. Then two separate lists are drawn up; one with all the names and votes cast for president, and another with all the names and votes cast for vice president. The person with a majority of votes on the presidential list is named president and the person with a majority of votes on the vice presidential list is named vice president. If no one receives a majority of the votes for president, then the House of Representatives chooses from the top three candidates. If no one receives a majority of the votes for vice president, then the Senate chooses from the top two candidates. </li></ul>
  5. 5. History Continued <ul><li>Before 1804, however, when an elector cast his ballot he listed his top two choices for president. The choices weren't ranked as &quot;first choice&quot; or &quot;second choice&quot; and no mention of vice president was made on the ballot. One list was then drawn up that included both names from every elector's ballot. The person with the majority of votes from the total numbers of electors (not the majority of the total number of electoral votes) was named president. The person with the next highest number of votes was named vice president. </li></ul>
  6. 6. 12 th Amendment The Twelfth Amendment, proposed and ratified in 1804, is one of the most obscure parts of our Constitution. Because the original Constitution did not require electors to vote for president and vice-president separately, the electoral college in 1800 left Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr -- both members of the Democratic-Republican Party -- in a tie vote for first, even though it was clear to everyone that Jefferson was the party's candidate for president and Burr was to be his vice-president. Because the electors could reach no firm decision, the final decision was made by the House of Representatives. The Twelfth Amendment attempted to solve this problem by differentiating the candidates for the two offices and then calling on the electors to indicate their favorite for each. Thus, the party system was, in effect, constitutionally recognized by the Amendment, whereas the original scheme of 1787 had been predicated on the Framers' loathing of the very idea of party politics.
  7. 7. What Does that Mean? <ul><li>The 12 th Amendment began our political party assignment and candidate nominations. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Why? <ul><ul><ul><li>the Electoral College was a way in which the states would have a voice in the election of a President. States are represented in the Electoral College according to their total number of representatives in the legislative branch. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. So How Many Votes? <ul><li>Each State is allocated a number of Electors equal to the number of its U.S. Senators (always 2) plus the number of its U.S. Representatives (which may change each decade according to the size of each State's population as determined in the Census). </li></ul>
  10. 10. 23 rd Amendment <ul><li>The District of Columbia has been a unique city since its founding in 1800 as the seat of the new government. When first established, it was a town of 5000, and it was assumed that it would be the center of government, and not a population center. But by 1900, over a quarter of a million people lived within its bounds. Since it is a federal district, however, and not a state, the inhabitants not only had no real local government, they had no vote in the federal government either. By 1960, when 760,000 people lived in Washington, D.C., it seemed odd that people from a dozen states, with lower populations, had more voting rights than residents of the District. As citizens, they were required to pay taxes and to serve in the military, but a vote in the Presidential election was available only to the states. </li></ul>
  11. 11. What Does this Mean? <ul><li>The 23 rd Amendment allows for the District of Columbia (Washington D.C.) to have electoral college votes for presidential elections. </li></ul>
  12. 12. 2000 Race State Status
  13. 13. Example- Florida <ul><li>Florida has 2 U.S. Senators- Bob Graham and Bill Nelson </li></ul><ul><li>In addition, according to the population census, we are allotted 23 additional votes. This means that we had 23 U.S. Representatives for the 2000 Presidential election. </li></ul>
  14. 14. 2004 Election Status
  15. 15. Florida’s Current Status <ul><li>Our population has changed. As of 2003, we have 25 Representatives + the 2 Senators. For the 2004 election, we will have a total of 27 electoral college votes. </li></ul>
  16. 16. What Do You Need to Win? <ul><li>There are a total of 538 votes possible. </li></ul><ul><li>The winning Presidential Candidate needs a minimum of 270 electoral college votes to win. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Assignment <ul><li>On your own, using the 2004 electoral vote map, choose which states a presidential candidate should obtain in the election in order to come as close to 270 as possible. If you can make exactly 270, you will earn 2 points bonus. This is not a group activity. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Please Follow the Directions <ul><li>Make 2 columns </li></ul><ul><li>The left hand column is for the state name </li></ul><ul><li>The right hand column is for the number of votes </li></ul><ul><li>See diagram right </li></ul><ul><li>State Votes </li></ul><ul><li>AK 3 </li></ul><ul><li>CA 55 </li></ul><ul><li>>>> >>> </li></ul><ul><li>Total *270 </li></ul>