Enzymes In Industry Biology Essay By: Rolla Tyas Amalia- 11 Science We have been using enzymes for thousands of years to makevarious drinks and things to eat, such as cheese, yoghurt, bread, beer, andwine. It’s also been used in textile industry. Jokichi Takamine was the firstperson to manufacture an enzyme from a microbial source when hemanufactured taka-diastase from Aspergillus as a digestive enzyme in1894. Enzymes are proteins with highly specialized catalytic functions,produced by all living organisms. Enzymes are responsible for manyessential biochemical reactions in microorganisms, plants, animals, andhuman beings. They are essential for all metabolic processes andcomposed of amino acids, they differ in function in that they have theability to facilitate biochemical reactions without undergoing changethemselves. The source of industrial enzymes is plant or animal tissues andmicrobes. These days, manufacture of enzymesusing microbes is mainly employed for the reasonof efficiency and economy. The common methodin industry to make product using enzyme isfermentation. Human use the fermentationreaction to make all alcoholic drinks. However,stronger drinks, such as whisky or vodka, have tobe distilled after fermentation to increase the concentration of the ethanol in the fermented mixture. This is because the ethanol poisons the enzyme and stops it working when its concentration builds up. We also usefermentation in bakeries to make bread rise. When you make bread, the
ingredients are usually flour, salt, yeast, sugar, and water. When thesehave been mixed together they form the dough that will be baked to makethe bread. Enzymes not only use in food industry, it’s also use asingredients of detergents, reagents for analysis of drugs or bloodcomponents, fiber processing use or pulp processing in the paper industry,and environmental purification use.