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Vibration Standards Germany And Austria

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Vibration Standards Germany And Austria

  1. 1. Vibration Standards Germany and Austria ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna
  2. 2. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna Contents: Austrian Standard „ÖNORM S 9020“ German Standard „DIN 4150“ - Vibrations - Prediction - Measurement
  3. 3. Austrian Standard ÖNORM S 9020 “Building Vibrations” ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna
  4. 4. The Austrian standard ÖNORM S 9020, August 1986, Building Vibrations, blasting vibrations and comparable immissions of impulse shape, prescribes guidelines for measurement and placement of geophones station in buildings. The standard is divided into four sections of assessment : ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna
  5. 5. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna
  6. 6. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna Step 1 : Distance – Charge Relation
  7. 7. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna
  8. 8. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna
  9. 9. Step 2: Vibration Measurements ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna
  10. 10. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna measuring point inside a building
  11. 11. Evaluating Structure Classes For an assessment on structures the vibration resultant vector sum will be placed into a standard classification table that concludes a building standard design of static stability. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna
  12. 12. Step 3 and 4: - seismic refraction supported vibration measurements - experts must carry out determination of stresses. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna
  13. 13. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna
  14. 14. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna
  15. 15. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna
  16. 16. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna Latest Stand of Techniques
  17. 17. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna German Standard „ DIN 4150“ „ Vibrations in Buildings“
  18. 18. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna <ul><li>The EU regulations of the employee-protection is given at two different positions: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Guidelines in accordance with Art. 118a EEC-acts: </li></ul><ul><li>Adjustment of the regulations and circumstances to the </li></ul><ul><li>protections the safety and health from Employees at the job </li></ul><ul><li>2. Guidelines in accordance with Art. 100a EEC-acts: </li></ul><ul><li>Elimination of trade-impediments with products , for example </li></ul><ul><li>(explosives) under observation of safety and health - protection at the same time </li></ul>background
  19. 19. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna <ul><li>Efforts of the EU about uniform minimum - standards for the protection of employees and environment. </li></ul><ul><li>basic element: </li></ul><ul><li>„ to evaluate the risks“ </li></ul>background
  20. 20. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna
  21. 21. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna Definition: Vibrations Mechanical vibrations of solid bodies with potential damage or molestation effect. Short-time vibration: Are those of which number of occurrence is not sufficient causing material fatigue and which timing is not suited generating resonance at an affected building (facility). DIN 4150
  22. 22. Vibration Measurements ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna DIN 4150
  23. 23. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna „ DIN 4150“ Part 1 &quot; Prediction of Vibration Parameters &quot; June 2001
  24. 24. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna Indications of Vibration Prediction
  25. 25. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna <ul><li>The prognosis is calculated by using the vibration number method. </li></ul><ul><li>For this two main rock types different empirical exponents are assigned </li></ul><ul><li>regarding a general relation with the following determination: </li></ul><ul><li>Sedimentary Rock v = 969 . k . L 0,6 . R -1,5 (mm/s) </li></ul><ul><li>Crystalline Rock v = 206 . k . L 0,8 . R -1,3 (mm/s) </li></ul><ul><li>Thereby </li></ul><ul><li>L charge [ kg ] </li></ul><ul><li>R distance [ m ] </li></ul>
  26. 26. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna Sample for Sedimentary Rock
  27. 27. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna <ul><li>sample 1: </li></ul><ul><li>Quarry </li></ul><ul><li>Rock: Limestone </li></ul><ul><li>Explosives: 75 kg per delay </li></ul><ul><li>Ignition: 25 ms und 50 ms, delay 0 – 25, redundant </li></ul><ul><li>Distance: 400 m </li></ul><ul><li>Type of building: Dwelling, 3 stories </li></ul><ul><li>Applied equation for: </li></ul><ul><li>Sedimentary Rock: 969 x L 0,6 x R -1,5 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>969 x 75 0,6 x 400 -1,5 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Expected peak particle veloity: v max = 1,62 mm/s </li></ul>
  28. 28. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna Sample for Cristalline Rock
  29. 29. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna <ul><li>sample 2: </li></ul><ul><li>Quarry </li></ul><ul><li>Rock: Granite </li></ul><ul><li>Explosives: 75 kg per delay </li></ul><ul><li>Ignition: 25 ms, delay 0 – 18, redundant </li></ul><ul><li>Distance: 400 m </li></ul><ul><li>Type of building: Dwelling, 2 stories </li></ul><ul><li>Applied equation for: </li></ul><ul><li>Crystalline Rock: 206 x L 0,8 x R -1,3 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>206 x 75 0,8 x 400 -1,3 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Expected peak particle veloity: v max = 2,7 mm/s </li></ul>
  30. 30. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna For this two main rock types different empirical exponents are assigned regarding a general relation with the following difference:
  31. 31. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna Table: Prognosis values for 75 kg Crystalline Rock Sedimentary Rock sample: 75 kg/400 m:
  32. 32. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna different empirical relation sample: 75 kg/400 m:
  33. 33. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna „ DIN 4150“ Part 2 &quot; Effects on persons in buildings &quot; June 1999
  34. 34. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna
  35. 35. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna Measurements
  36. 36. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna Measuring Point &quot; Effects on persons in buildings &quot; June 1999
  37. 37. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna KB measuring point inside a building
  38. 38. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna KB measuring point inside a building
  39. 39. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna KB measuring point inside a building
  40. 40. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna In Germany it is common to use an equation, which gives blasters an idea of the structural related perception in regard to human beings. Vibration effects will be assessed by a KB Fmax value. It is calculated from peak particle velocity v i and its accompanied frequency. The equation below is a must .
  41. 41. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna maximum KB- value
  42. 42. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna From a measured vibration value and an accompanied frequency in buildings after DIN 4150-02 part 2, “Effects on persons in buildings”, June 1999 a legally perception intensity KB Fmax will determine. This KB Fmax - value must be compared with the KB Fmax – guideline values ( Ao )
  43. 43. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna measurement sample:
  44. 44. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna Annoyance of Persons in Buildings maximal weighted vibration strenght KB v max = measured peak particle velocity in mm/s f = vibration frequency in Hz f 0 = reference frequency 5,6 Hz KB = without dimension sample:
  45. 45. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna f frequency [Hz] = 25,6 Hz f 0 reference frequency 5,6 Hz v max measured peak particle velocity [mm/s] v max = 7,24 mm/s KB without dimension KB Fmax = KB x cF cF = 0,6 (without resonance) KB Fmax = ~ 3 sample:
  46. 46. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna Guideline Values only 1 blast per day = 6 more than 3 blasts per day = 3 few times per year 8 is allowed
  47. 47. Definition: „Guideline Values”: A fixed empirical value of which considerably annoyance of human in rooms (dwellings) does not occur. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna
  48. 48. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna „ DIN 4150“ Part 3 &quot; Effects on structures &quot; February 1999
  49. 49. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna experience of light damage background
  50. 50. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna Maximum Particle Velocitiy
  51. 51. Peak Particle Velocity in Relationship to Frequency ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna
  52. 52. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna „ DIN 4150“ part 3 “ Effects on structures&quot; Industrial buildings dwellings particular sensitive buildings
  53. 53. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna measured value on foundation = 5,21 mm/s Frequency = 39,5 Hz sample:
  54. 54. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna „ DIN 4150“ part 3 “ Effects on structures&quot; Industrial buildings dwellings particular sensitive buildings sample:
  55. 55. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna Guideline values for buildings
  56. 56. Definition: „Guideline Values”: A fixed empirical value of which damage on buildings (facilities) does not occur. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna
  57. 57. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna Numerous vibration velocity measurements have provided the empirical values given guidance on short time structural vibration evaluation. They shall be based on the maximum value v i,max (maximum vibration velocity of x, y or z axes) at the foundation. Also x and y axes vibration of the uppermost floor provides significant information for the evaluation. „ Guideline Values”
  58. 58. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna Measuring Points &quot; Effects on structures &quot;
  59. 59. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna measuring direction inside a building
  60. 60. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna step 1 measuring point inside a building
  61. 61. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna measuring direction inside a building (foundation)
  62. 62. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna step 2 measuring point inside a building
  63. 63. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna measuring direction inside a building (uppermost floor)
  64. 64. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna Measuring Point &quot; Effects on buried pipes &quot;
  65. 65. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna measuring point on buried pipes
  66. 66. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna Guideline values for buried pipes
  67. 67. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna Conclusion
  68. 68. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna Conclusion
  69. 69. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna Conclusion significant parts from DIN 4150 “Vibrations in Buildings” are adopted to Swiss Standard SN 640 312a Austrian BGBl. I Nr. 113/2006 last but not least: Also the standard or parts of it are applied e.g. in Croatia, Italy, Israel, Slovenia and USA (subway-construction New York) and some other countries.
  70. 70. ÖNORM S 9020 Din 4150, 01 - 03 Workshop Vibration Standards Rolf R. Schillinger, CTO, BlastCom GmbH, Nördlingen, Vienna Good luck ! Glück auf !

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