Technologies (AILDI 2012)

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Ethical matters in the use of technologies (AILDI 2012, University of Arizona)

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Technologies (AILDI 2012)

  1. 1. Rolando Coto, AILDI June 2012. University of Arizona
  2. 2. What comes to your mind when youhear the word technology?
  3. 3. What comes to your mind when youhear the word technology?
  4. 4. What is technology?
  5. 5. What is technology?
  6. 6. Technology (Dictionary definitions):The practical application of knowledge especially in aparticular area. (Merriam Webster)(The study and knowledge of) the practical, especiallyindustrial, use of scientific discoveries. (CambridgeDictionaries)Making, modification, usage, and knowledgeof tools, machines, techniques, crafts, systems,methods of organization, in order to solve a problem,improve a preexisting solution to a problem, achieve agoal or perform a specific function. (Wikipedia)
  7. 7. Technology (International bodies):[Technology] is "the application of knowledge", andmore narrowly dealing with tools and techniques forcarrying out the plans to achieve desired objectives.(OCDE Camberra Manual)"...the know-how and creative processes that may assistpeople to utilize tools, resources and systems to solveproblems and to enhance control over the natural andmade environment in an endeavor to improve thehuman condition." (Unesco 1985, Technology EducationFederation of Australia, 1999)
  8. 8. Technology (Philosophical definitions):The application of scientific activity to the improvementof our natural and artificial environment, to invention,and to the manufacture of material and cultural goods.(Bunge, 2005)Humanity at Work. (Pitt, 2000)
  9. 9. Technology All human cultures have used technology.
  10. 10. Technology All human cultures have used technology.
  11. 11. Technology All human cultures have used technology.
  12. 12. Not only humans have technology! Source: PLoS Biology Vol. 3/11/2005, e385 >>
  13. 13. Not only humans have technology! Source: Science Vol118(765) >>
  14. 14. There are many different kinds of technologies.
  15. 15. The use of technologies carriesseveral ethical considerations… Source: Metaphysics Research Lab, Stanford University >>
  16. 16. Is technology morally neutral?
  17. 17. Video: Moloch (Metropolis)Is technology morally neutral?
  18. 18. Is technology morally neutral?
  19. 19. Are the creators of a technology responsible for its use?
  20. 20. Are the creators of a technology responsible for its use?
  21. 21. Are the creators of a technology responsible for its use?
  22. 22. Are there inherent risks in technology?
  23. 23. What do the moral codes in yourcommunities say about these matters?
  24. 24. A relevant example: Writing
  25. 25. Yes, writing is a kind of technology: It is theuse of a tool (a group of symbols) to solve aproblem (repeating words and sentences evenif the person who uttered them originally isn’tthere with you).
  26. 26. Technologies can vary in the way they solve a problem.
  27. 27. Types of writing systems >> - Alphabetical (complete
  28. 28. Types of writing systems >> - Alphabetical (complete, abugida, Vocalic symbols are dependent on the consonantic symbols.
  29. 29. Types of writing systems >> - Alphabetical (complete, abugida, abjad, These writing systems generally leave the vowels out.
  30. 30. Types of writing systems >> - Alphabetical (complete, abugida, abjad, featural) The shape of the symbols is inspired in the shape of the mouth as you pronounce the sounds.
  31. 31. Types of writing systems >> - Alphabetical (complete, abugida, abjad, featural) - Syllabaries
  32. 32. Types of writing systems >> - Alphabetical (complete, abugida, abjad, featural) - Syllabaries Inuktitut (Northern Canada)
  33. 33. Types of writing systems >> - Alphabetical (complete, abugida, abjad, featural) - Syllabaries Cherokee (United States)
  34. 34. Types of writing systems >> - Alphabetical (complete, abugida, abjad, featural) - Syllabaries Cherokee (United States)
  35. 35. Types of writing systems >> - Alphabetical (complete, abugida, abjad, featural) - Syllabaries - Logograms
  36. 36. Types of writing systems >> - Alphabetical (complete, abugida, abjad, featural) - Syllabaries - Logograms
  37. 37. Types of writing systems >> - Alphabetical (complete, abugida, abjad, featural) - Syllabaries - Logograms
  38. 38. Types of writing systems >> - Alphabetical (complete, abugida, abjad, featural) - Syllabaries - Logograms
  39. 39. [Pause to discuss the prosand cons of writing systems]
  40. 40. How about computers? What opportunities and challenges do they come with?
  41. 41. http://www.flickr.com/photos/yashrg/2854410669/in/set-72157607274344384/Mano con iPhone (Yash Gupta, CC 2.0 BY-NC)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Design_for_a_Flying_Machine.jpgMáquina voladora (dominio público)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:National_park_stone_tools.jpgHerramientas de piedra en parques nacionales estadounidenses (dominio público)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Inca_Quipu.jpgQuipu (Claus Ableiter, CC 3.0 BY-SA)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Gorilla_tool_use.pngGorila usando tecnología (PLoS Biology, CC 3.0 BY)http://www.sciencemag.org/content/318/5851/765.abstractCuervos usando herramientas (Science, todos los derechos reservados. Se considera uso justo pq...)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Degen_de1103.jpgradio degen (Mohylek, CC 2.5 BY-SA)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Maler_der_Grabkammer_des_Sennudem_001.jpgarado egipcio (dominio público)http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archivo:Caracol_in_chich%C3%A9n_itz%C3%A1.jpgobservatorio el caracol (André Möller, CC 3.0 BY-SA)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Tamagotchi_0124_ubt.jpegtamagotchi (tomasz sienicki, CC 3.0 BY-SA)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:%C4%90%E1%BA%B7t_%C4%91%C3%B3.jpgVietnamese traditional fish trap (Petr & Bara Ruzicka, CC 2.0 BY)http://www.flickr.com/photos/55397833@N00/336103109/Piedras blancas y negras (imago, CC 2.0 BY-NC-SA)
  42. 42. http://www.flickr.com/photos/gogri/3779793041/El bien y el mal (Nimish Gogri, CC 2.0 BY)http://www.flickr.com/photos/kenmccown/4698999522/Pesticidas (Ken McCown, CC 2.0 BY-NC-ND)http://www.flickr.com/photos/dzingeek/4587871752/mad scientist (jennifer rouse, CC 2.0 by-nc-dd)http://www.flickr.com/photos/soilscience/5103180569/soil scientists at work (soil Science, cc 2.0 by)http://www.flickr.com/photos/toucanradio/1203009991/Cattenom nuclear plant (Toucanradio, CC 2.0 BY-NC-ND)Maya gylphs (Thomas Aleto, todos los derechos reservados)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Sequoyah.jpgSequoya (dominio público)http://www.flickr.com/photos/37651136@N05/5637077256/Teclado (ericnvntr, CC 2.0 BY)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Fourbats.jpgBate de beisbolhttp://www.omniglot.com/writing/inuktitut.htmSilabario Inuktituthttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Stipula_fountain_pen.jpgPluma fuente

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