GUY FAWKES' DAY

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PRESENTATION ON THE SUBJECT OF THE GUNPOWDER PLOT

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GUY FAWKES' DAY

  1. 1. GUY FAWKES DAY 1. ORIGINS OF THE STORY 2. THE MAN 3. THE CELEBRATION I & II4. REFLECTIONS IN ART I, II& III 5. BIBLIOGRAPHY 6. INTERNET LINKS GO TO 1
  2. 2. 1. ORIGINS OF THE STORY In 1604 Fawkes became involved with a small group of English Catholics, who planned to assassinate the Protestant King James and replace him with his daughter, Princess Elizabeth. Fawkes was "pleasant of approach and cheerful of manner, opposed to quarrels and strife ... loyal to his friends (...)a man highly skilled in matters of war". The first meeting of the five central conspirators (Catesby, Wintour, Wright, Percy and Fawkes) took place on Sunday 20 May 1604. Catesby proposed to kill the King and his government by blowing up "the Parliament House with gunpowder". On 28 July,1605, the ever-present threat of the plague delayed the opening of Parliament until Tuesday, 5 November.GO TO INDEX GO TO 2
  3. 3. 2. The manHe was an English Catholic, the most famous name of an important conspiracy. He was caught red-handed in the House of Lords’ cellar on November 5th, 1605, when he was about to blow up the Parliament and the king to provoke chaos and try to restore the Catholic faith in England. GO TO 3GO BACK TO 1
  4. 4. 3. The celebration Guy Fawkes Night, also known as Bonfire Night, Fireworks Night and Plot Night, is an annual celebration (but not a public holiday ) on the evening of the 5th of November primarily in the United Kingdom , but also in New Zealand , South Africa , Canada and formerly in Australia . It celebrates the failure of the Gunpowder Plot , in which a group of Catholic conspirators attempted to blow up the Houses of Parliament in London on the evening of 5 November 1605 , when the Protestant King James I (James VI of Scotland) was within its walls. The celebrations, which in the United Kingdom take place in towns and villages across the country, involve fireworks displays and the building of bonfires on which "guys", or dummies, representing, Guy Fawkes , the most famous of the conspirators, and the Pope are burnt (see Guy Fawkes Day at Lewes, Surrey)GO BACK TO 2 GO TO 4
  5. 5. 3. The celebration (cont)Before the fifth, children use the dummies to beg for money with the chant "Penny for the guy", but now this tradition is not so popular as it once was. The night is closely associated with the popular rhyme which begins:Remember, remember the fifth of November, gunpowder, treason and plot / I see no reason why gunpowder treason/should ever be forgot./ Guy Fawkes, Guy Fawkes,/twas his intent/to blow up the King and the Parliament./ Three score barrels of powder below,/ Poor old England to overthrow: By Gods providence he was catchd/With a dark lantern and burning match./ Holloa boys, holloa boys, make the bells ring./Holloa boys, holloa boys, God save the King!/ Hip hip hoorah! GO BACK TO 2 GO TO 4 (I)
  6. 6. 4. Reflections in ArtThe gunpowder plot has appeared as a recurrent topic in many art forms:Comics (V for Vendetta comic series 1982)Films (V for Vendetta 2006, based on the comic, Harry Potter series)Plays (Pantomimes like Harlequin and Guy Fawkes,19th century)Poems ( Milton, Wordsworth)History sites (www.historylearningsite.co.uk)Use of "Guy Fawkes" mask in anti-establishment protestsPolitical blogs as in the "Guido Fawkes" blog written by Paul StainesOpinion articles in press on the national celebration http://www.examiner.com/holiday-in-national/just-what-is-guy-fawkes-day GO TO 4 (II)GO BACK TO 3
  7. 7. 4. Reflections in art (II) GO TO 4 (III)GO BACK TO 4
  8. 8. 4. Reflections in art (III)GO TO 4 (II) GO TO BIBLIOGRAPHY
  9. 9. 5. Bibliography Northcote Parkinson, C. (1976), Gunpowder Treason and Plot, Weidenfeld and Nicolson, ISBN 0-297-77224-4 Sharpe, J. A. (2005), Remember, Remember: A Cultural History of Guy Fawkes Day (illustrated ed.), Harvard University Press, ISBN 0-674-01935-0 Haynes, Alan (2005) [1994], The Gunpowder Plot: Faith in Rebellion, Hayes and Sutton, ISBN 0-7509-4215-0 GO TO INTERNET LINKSGO TO 4 (III)
  10. 10. 5. Internet links The Tudors “The Pope wants France to invade England” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7D2qufuu6oA&feature=related Lewes Bonfire Night 2010 - Commercial Square Fire site http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DGR9-q2Y97Q&feature=related Pope Burning in England: A True Brits Trailer http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wc1lwKfSQ1g&feature=related Videos on the Gunpowder Plot http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LNdlAizdKFQ&feature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ux7JvZJbJPU&feature=relatedGO BACK TO BIBLIOGRAPHY

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