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Verb tenses-English Grammer

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A powerpoint presentation about verb tenses.How to distinguish different verb tenses when tutoring.
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Verb tenses-English Grammer

  1. 1. How to distinguish different verb tenses when tutoring
  2. 2.  Clear and easy to understand  Consistency  To express the event with proper verb tenses
  3. 3.  Underline the possible verbs that show or imply some action.  Change the time of the sentence and find the word that changes.  *Some verbs may contain two words “ex: I am going to school.”
  4. 4. Do all the verbs belong to the time cluster (present, past, or future) in one paragraph?  If yes, ask yourself that does each verb convey precisely the time you had in mind, the relationship to other times or actions, and the idea of an action completed or in progress?  If no, look carefully at the verbs that do not fit. Is there a reason for the switch in time? Then, rewrite the verb that provides the appropriate indication of time. 
  5. 5. 1. Present 2. Past 3. future
  6. 6. A. Simple tenses B. Progressive tenses C. Perfect tenses D.*Perfect progressive tenses (decided not to cover here)
  7. 7. NOW PAST FUTURE
  8. 8. The assignment that talks about “who I am.” The assignment that compares the new grading system with the old one (writing about the new system). The assignment that introduces ourselves.
  9. 9. Activities or events that occurring in the present. Summarizing pieces of writing, films, plays. Stating ongoing opinions, beliefs, habits, and facts. Ex: I ride a bike to school everyday.
  10. 10.  Singular:  Plural:  Writes  Write  Studies  Study  walks  Walk
  11. 11. One thing happened in the past, and is in progress at the present time, and probably will continue. Ex: I am washing the dishes.
  12. 12. am is are + walking doing staying (verb + ing)
  13. 13. The action happened before now. The exact time is not important. Ex: She has already dropped the class.
  14. 14. wanted, turned, dropped hurt, come, build felt, gone, hidden blown, grown, known begun, rung, swum
  15. 15. The assignment that compares the new grading system with the old one (writing about the old system). The assignment that talks about childhood.
  16. 16. At one particular time in the past, it happened. It began and ended in past. Ex: I walked to school this morning.
  17. 17.  Regular: played, walked, noticed  Irregular :  became, began  blew, grew  thought, taught  cut, hurt, let
  18. 18. One thing happened before and was in process at a particular time in the past, and it continued. Ex: I was doing my homework.
  19. 19.  was +  were typing leaving working (verb + ing)
  20. 20. The action was completely done before another time in the past. Ex: He had already finished his exam before I met him.
  21. 21. had + (participles)
  22. 22. wanted, turned, dropped hurt, come, build felt, gone, hidden blown, grown, known begun, rung, swum
  23. 23. The assignment that talks about what do we want to do in the future.
  24. 24. At one particular time in the future, it will happen. Ex: Jason will go to bed at 12 o’clock.
  25. 25. will be going to
  26. 26. One thing will happen in the future, and it will be in process at a particular time in the future, and it will probably continue. Ex: Katie will be sleeping when her father comes home.
  27. 27. will be + (verb + ing)
  28. 28. The action will be completely done before another time in the future. Ex: Albert will already have taken shower before he goes to bed.
  29. 29. will + have + (participle)
  30. 30. wanted, turned, dropped hurt, come, build felt, gone, hidden blown, grown, known begun, rung, swum
  31. 31. to write about the wishes. The assignment that talks about one thing that changes one person’s life.
  32. 32.    should could would
  33. 33. Advisability Ex: You should do your homework instead of going to the movies.
  34. 34. 90% certainty (expectation) Ex: He should attend the meeting tomorrow.
  35. 35. past ability Ex: I could get up early when I was young.
  36. 36. polite request Ex: Could you teach me with this math problem?
  37. 37. suggestion (affirmative only) Ex: You could do some research about this topic to see whether you have the right answer.
  38. 38. less than 50% certainty Ex: She could be in her office.
  39. 39. impossibility (negative only) Ex: That couldn’t be his dog because his dog was dead yesterday.
  40. 40. polite request Ex: Would you please pass me the salt?
  41. 41. preference Ex: I would rather die than get married with him.
  42. 42. repeated action in the past Ex: She would take a walk every morning when she was young.
  43. 43. polite for “want” (with like) Ex: I would like to have some tea, please.
  44. 44. unfulfilled wish Ex: I would have learned more about how to use proper verb tenses before coming to the U.S.

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