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COLOSTOMY CARE
Rohini Pandey
1st Year M.Sc Nursing
KGMU Institute Of Nursing
CONTENTS
1.Definition
2.Types of colostomy
3.Indication of colostomy
4.Articles required for colostomy
5.Procedure
6.Compl...
INTRODUCTION
DEFINITION
Colostomy is an
opening, called a
stoma in the large
intestine brought to
the surface of the
abdomen for the
pu...
TYPES OF COLOSTOMY
ACCORDING TO DURATION
• Permanent Colostomy
• Temporary Colostomy
ACCORDING TO STOMA SITE
• Ascending Colostomy
• Transverse Colostomy
• Descending Colostomy
ACCORDING TO STOMA NUMBER &
TYPE
• Single – Barrel Colostomy
• Double – Barrel Colostomy
• Loop Colostomy
INDICATIONFOR COLOSTOMY
1.Colon Cancer
2.Hirschprung’s Disease
3.Ulcerative Colitis
4.Polyps in Intestine
PURPOSE OF COLOSTOMY
CARE
1.Skin protection & care
2.Receptacle for drainage
3.Patient acceptance & self care
ARTICLES REQUIRED
A clean tray
containing
• Mackintosh with
draw sheet
• Kidney tray/paper
bag
• Pair of clean gloves
• Colostomy bag
• NS/B...
PROCEDURE
PROCEDURE
1. Gather equipment.
2. Encourage clients to
look at the stoma.
3. Explain the
procedure to the
patien...
PROCEDURE
• Spread mackintosh &
draw sheet.
• Remove used pouch &
skin barrier gently by
pushing the skin away
from the ba...
PROCEDURE
• Observe stoma for
colour, swelling, trauma
& healing. Stoma should
be moist & pink.
• Cover the stoma with a
g...
PROCEDURE
• Measure the stoma
using measuring guide.
• Trace same circle
behind the skin barrier,
using scissors, cut an
o...
PROCEDURE
• Use the pouch if it is
drainable using a clamp
or clip.
• Remove gloves and wash
hands.
• Make the patient
com...
DOCUMENTATION
Record the procedure with following
details:
• Date/Time
• Amount
• Colour
• Consistency of faecal matter
• ...
COMPLICATION
• Necrosis of Stoma
• Retraction of Stoma
• Prolapsed of stoma
• Stenosis or Narrowing
• Parastomal hernia
CLIENT & FAMILY EDUCATION
Balanced diet
• Yoghurt or buttermilk to reduce gas
formation
• Drink 6-8 glasses of fluids dai...
SUMMARIZATION
Colostomy care
Colostomy care
Colostomy care
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Colostomy care

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Colostomy care

  1. 1. COLOSTOMY CARE Rohini Pandey 1st Year M.Sc Nursing KGMU Institute Of Nursing
  2. 2. CONTENTS 1.Definition 2.Types of colostomy 3.Indication of colostomy 4.Articles required for colostomy 5.Procedure 6.Complication
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION
  4. 4. DEFINITION Colostomy is an opening, called a stoma in the large intestine brought to the surface of the abdomen for the purpose of evacuation of bowel.
  5. 5. TYPES OF COLOSTOMY ACCORDING TO DURATION • Permanent Colostomy • Temporary Colostomy
  6. 6. ACCORDING TO STOMA SITE • Ascending Colostomy • Transverse Colostomy • Descending Colostomy
  7. 7. ACCORDING TO STOMA NUMBER & TYPE • Single – Barrel Colostomy • Double – Barrel Colostomy • Loop Colostomy
  8. 8. INDICATIONFOR COLOSTOMY 1.Colon Cancer 2.Hirschprung’s Disease 3.Ulcerative Colitis 4.Polyps in Intestine
  9. 9. PURPOSE OF COLOSTOMY CARE 1.Skin protection & care 2.Receptacle for drainage 3.Patient acceptance & self care
  10. 10. ARTICLES REQUIRED
  11. 11. A clean tray containing • Mackintosh with draw sheet • Kidney tray/paper bag • Pair of clean gloves • Colostomy bag • NS/Basin with warm tap water • Gauze pieces • Gauze pad/tissue paper • Skin barrier • Stoma measuring guide • Pen or pencils & scissors • Bed pan
  12. 12. PROCEDURE PROCEDURE 1. Gather equipment. 2. Encourage clients to look at the stoma. 3. Explain the procedure to the patient. 4. Provide privacy. 5. Perform hand hygiene & wear gloves. RATIONALE 1. Ensure that everything is there to render the care. 2. It encourages participation in the stoma care. 3. To gain confidence of the patient. 4. For smooth performance of procedure. 5. To prevent infection.
  13. 13. PROCEDURE • Spread mackintosh & draw sheet. • Remove used pouch & skin barrier gently by pushing the skin away from the barrier. • Remove clamp and empty the content into bed pan. Rinse the pouch with tepid water/NS. • Discard the disposable pouch in paper bag. RATIONALE • To protect linen. • Reduces trauma, jerking, irritates skin & can cause tear. • To minimize the odour & growth of microbes.
  14. 14. PROCEDURE • Observe stoma for colour, swelling, trauma & healing. Stoma should be moist & pink. • Cover the stoma with a gauze piece. • Clean peristomal region gently with warm tap water using gauze pad. Don't scrub the skin, dry by patting the skin. • Remove gauze & clean stoma with gauze RATIONALE • To find out complications. • To prevent the faecal matter from contacting with skin. • Stoma surface is highly vascular. Skin barrier does not adhere to wet skin. • -do-
  15. 15. PROCEDURE • Measure the stoma using measuring guide. • Trace same circle behind the skin barrier, using scissors, cut an opening 1/16 to 1/8 inch larger than stoma before removing the wrapper over adhesive part. • Put skin barrier & pouch over the stoma, & gently press on to the skin, for 1-2 min. RATIONALE • Ensure accuracy in determining correct pouch size needed. • -do- • To prevent irritation to skin.
  16. 16. PROCEDURE • Use the pouch if it is drainable using a clamp or clip. • Remove gloves and wash hands. • Make the patient comfortable. • Clean the area and replace all articles.
  17. 17. DOCUMENTATION Record the procedure with following details: • Date/Time • Amount • Colour • Consistency of faecal matter • Sign of any infection
  18. 18. COMPLICATION • Necrosis of Stoma • Retraction of Stoma • Prolapsed of stoma • Stenosis or Narrowing • Parastomal hernia
  19. 19. CLIENT & FAMILY EDUCATION Balanced diet • Yoghurt or buttermilk to reduce gas formation • Drink 6-8 glasses of fluids daily. Education for self care like Applying & Emptying Of pouch. Bathing Wearing of pouch Reducing odour
  20. 20. SUMMARIZATION

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