Web 2.0


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Web 2.0

  1. 1. WEB 1.0 WEB 2.0WEB 3.0<br />Abhineet | Prateek | Rohan | Stefan | Vikas <br />Web 1.0 was dial-up, 50K average bandwidth, Web 2.0 is an average 1 megabit of bandwidth and Web 3.0 will be 10 megabits of bandwidth all the time, which will be the full video Web, and that will feel like Web 3.0.<br />- Reed Hastings, Founder and CEO of Netflix, at Technet Summit, Nov 2006<br />
  2. 2. What is Web x.0? <br />Software <br />Versions are substantial improvements over previous ones<br />previous versions are withdrawn<br />Web 2.0<br />represents technological refinement and a remarkable leap in the usage and functionality of the Web<br />but not a significant technological revamp of an earlier Web, nor has it replaced Web 1.0<br />an innovative and marketable catch-phrase, just as the underlying technology<br />In retrospect - Web 1.0<br />the success of Web 2.0, which started around 2001<br />the era of the web prior to the dot-com bubble burst came to be identified as Web 1.0<br />The technologies of Web 2.0 were available prior to this period and Web 1.0 still forms a significant part of the Web<br />
  3. 3. The Web arrives<br />The first web pages and browsers appeared around 1993<br />This new medium grew faster than ever before, growing by almost 500,000% in less than 4 years<br />Web 1.0 technology and design elements:<br />Largelystatic webpages<br />Use of framesetsand guestbooks<br />HTML and CSS<br />Disintermediation – a term coined by Amazon was the buzzword, as every one tried to get rid of middle men. It did not always work, as Levi’s found out<br />Source: Matthew Gray of Massachusetts Institute of Technology, http://www.mit.edu/~mkgray/net/web-growth-summary.html<br />
  4. 4. The Dot-com Bubble Bust<br />Hundreds of thousands of companies flocked to the internet adding an e- to their names –termed by one author as Prefix Investing<br />But all of these were not profitable as a survey in late 2000 listed 21 firms with sales growth between 100-500% and red bottom lines<br /><ul><li>The bubble kept on growing, aided by plenty of freely available venture capital, rapidly increasing stock prices, market confidence of future profits and a let down of traditional guards like P/E ratios
  5. 5. On March 10, 2000 the curve crashed and the bubble had burst
  6. 6. From early 200 to 2002, more than 500 internet firms shut down in US alone</li></ul>Source: wikipedia<br />
  7. 7. WEB 2.0<br />Dale Dougherty of O’Reilly Media gave the name Web 2.0 to a conference they were organising on more effective ways to use the web<br />The term stuck and people carried it beyond its initial purpose, with numerous definitions floating around on the net<br />A year later, Tim O’Reilly, CEO of O’Reilly Media came up with a 5-page definition of Web 2.0 filled with tons of jargon but his short message was that Web 2.0 refers to people making connections with other people through the web<br />
  8. 8. The shift from 1.0 to 2.0<br />User as contributor – Amazon reviews, eBay reputations<br />Architecture of participation: Blogs<br />Rich user experience: Gmail, Google maps and AJAX<br />Radical trust: Wikipedia<br />Customer self service: Google AdSense<br />Source: myshakthi.com<br />
  9. 9. 2.0 – Company Perspective<br />Services, not packaged software, with cost-effective scalability: SaaS<br />Control over unique, hard-to-recreate data sources that get richer as more people use them – issues of anti-trust, monopoly, Google Books, Netscape<br />Trusting users as co-developers, save on operating expenses<br />
  10. 10. Is 2.0 for real?<br />Although the term suggests a new version of the www, it does not refer to an update to any technical specifications<br />2.0 refers to cumulative changes in the ways developers and end-users use the Web<br />Whether Web 2.0 is qualitatively different from prior web technologies has been challenged by World Wide Web inventor Tim Berners Lee who called the term a piece of jargon. <br />“Web 1.0 was all about connecting people. It was an interactive space, and I think Web 2.0 is, of course, a piece of jargon, nobody even knows what it means. If Web 2.0 for you is blogs and wikis, then that is people to people. But that was what the Web was supposed to be all along. And in fact, you know, this Web 2.0, quote, it means using the standards which have been produced by all these people working on Web 1.0. It means using the document object model, it means for HTML and SVG, and so on. It&apos;s using HTTP, so it&apos;s building stuff using the Web standards, plus JavaScript, of course.”<br />Source: developer works interview<br />2.0 or 1.0, fact remains that the way we use the web has certainly changed dramatically in the last decade, empowering the user not just as a consumer but as a producer as well, removing information asymmetries and catalysingglobalisation<br />
  11. 11. Web 3.0 – the next wave<br />Answering concrete questions instead of searching for keywords<br />Semantic Web<br />OWL (Web Ontology Language)<br />Ubiquitous Computing and linkage of different semantic services<br />Example: On-bord computer in cars could combine GPS and semantic software to find gas stations <br />Increasing emphasis on user engagement<br />
  12. 12. Whattheexpertspredict<br />“ My prediction would be that Web 3.0 will ultimately be seen as applications which are pieced together. There is a number of characteristics: the applications are relatively small, the data is in the cloud, the applications can run on any device, PC or mobile phone, the applications are very fast and customizable. Furthermore, the applications are distributed virtually: literally bysocial networks, by email. You won`t get to the store and purchase them… That`s a very different application model than we`ve ever seen in computing“ ERIC SCHMIDT, CEO of Google<br />“ Web 1.0 was dial-up, 50K average bandwidth, Web 2.0 is an average 1 megabit of bandwidth and Web 3.0 will be 10 megabits of bandwidthall the time, which will be the full video Web, and that will feel like Web 3.0. ” REED HASTINGS, founder and CEO of Netflix<br />“ 64KB RAM ought to be enough for anybody…” BILL GATES in 1981<br />
  13. 13. Thank You<br />Web 1.0 was about reading<br />Web 1.0 was about companies<br />Web 1.0 was about client-server<br />Web 1.0 was about HTML<br />Web 1.0 was about home pages<br />Web 1.0 was about advertising<br />Web 1.0 was British<br />Web 2.0 is about writing<br />Web 2.0 is about communities<br />Web 2.0 is about peer to peer<br />Web 2.0 is about XML<br />Web 2.0 is about blogs<br />Web 2.0 is about word of mouth<br />Web 2.0 is international<br />Web 3.0 is Chinese<br />Source: darrenbarefoot.com<br />
  14. 14. References<br />http://www.darrenbarefoot.com/archives/2006/05/web-10-vs-web-20.html<br />http://computer.howstuffworks.com/web-10.htm<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Web_2.0<br />http://oreilly.com/pub/a/web2/archive/what-is-web-20.html?page=1<br />http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/podcast/dwi/cm-int082206txt.html<br />