Informaticity, Digital Convergence &
      new e|m-* Applications


                 Rogério P C do Nascimento, PhD

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Informaticity by Rogério P C do Nascimento, Ph.D.

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Informaticity is for the information which the electricity is for the electrical energy. Informaticity is the fusion of telecommunications and computer science. It represents the flow of data from ISP, wireless networks WLAN, GSM, GPRS, UMTS or Satellites connected to cellular, intelligent electric home appliances, HDTV, GPS devices and small networks of laptops, ubiquitous PC and devices using Bluetooth, Wifi, or Infrared. Attendees will see historical gathering showing the change of the physical location of the computation power: from mainframes to PC and ubiquitous (Web) devices, embedded devices and miniatures. Informaticity also provides to experience something new that is called Digital Convergence. Supported technologies, some case studies and e|m-* applications will be shown. At the end, it will be viewed current challenges (performance, security, accessibility and adaptation). Also ethical, social and political questions about the use and development of these new ICT will be discussed .

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Informaticity by Rogério P C do Nascimento, Ph.D.

  1. 1. Informaticity, Digital Convergence & new e|m-* Applications Rogério P C do Nascimento, PhD Universidade Federal de Sergipe Computing Department Assistant Professor (Adjunto) Aracaju | BRAZIL
  2. 2. history technologies informaticity new applications challenges • History • Power computing location • Ubiquitous, Pervasive, Omnipresence… • Technologies – HW development • Wireless (WLAN), RFID, NFC, GPS, GPRS/ISDN, GSM, VPN.. – SW Tools • J2EE, .NET, XML, RSS, Podcast, SMS, MMS, Web 2.0.. • Informaticity – Ubiquitous devices – Digital Convergence • Cases: London iBus, Ubiquitous Devices, Telecommunication.. • New Applications Areas: • Science, Economy, Public Sectors, Education & Learning, Entertainment, Socialization • Challenges to these new e|m-* Applications • performance, security, accessibility and adaptation
  3. 3. history history technologies informaticity new applications challenges • Technologies – Monks looked for..
  4. 4. history history technologies informaticity new applications challenges • Technologies & Society: – 1450 - Gutemberg created the press of movable types – 1650 - 80% of European people was illiterate – 1750 – gauze was used to make paper – 1850 – paper (from wood) produced in industrial scale 400 years to read all the books!
  5. 5. history history technologies informaticity new applications challenges dove.net (pombo-correio.net) – Data network in the Middle Ages
  6. 6. history history technologies informaticity new applications challenges Internet
  7. 7. history history technologies informaticity new applications challenges • Moore Law Disc: 2000x CPU: 200x RAM: 110x Wireless: 11x Battery: 2x
  8. 8. history history technologies informaticity new applications challenges • Ubiquitous, Pervasive, Omnipresence… – quot;I think there is a market for maybe five computers worldwide” THOMAS J. WATSON, 1943 (International Business Machines ) – “The second important trend we are preparing for is called ‘pervasive computing’. . . So the networked world . . . will extend further to interconnect perhaps a trillion ‘intelligent’ devices” LOUIS V. GERSTNER, JR., 1999
  9. 9. history history technologies informaticity new applications challenges
  10. 10. history history technologies informaticity new applications challenges • Singularity: Moore-Jobs-Gates
  11. 11. history history technologies informaticity new applications challenges • Moore-Job-Gates mainframes, servers ubiquitous devices 1:n 1:1 n:1 PCs ... ... Singularity PC 1950 1980 1990 2000 2010
  12. 12. history new technologies technologies informaticity new applications challenges • SW Development Platforms – .NET Framework • ASP.NET – Web Forms – J2EE • generate JAVA interfaces for each different ubiquitous device Offer funcionality via Internet using XML Web Service and its open protocols: SOAP + XML + HMTL
  13. 13. history new technologies technologies informaticity new applications challenges • How to work with XML family? – Constructing DTD / XML Schemas / BizTalk Schema, etc. – Generating XML files for (XML) databases – Using XML Schemas for XML Web Services communication – Formating XML files trhough XSL files • to generate HTML – any Web browser WAP – PDA and mobile phones WML – PDA and mobile phones VXML – PDA and mobile phones PDF – any Web browser
  14. 14. history new technologies technologies informaticity new applications challenges • Social Web or Web 2.0 – Content and Communities • blogs, wikis, links (del.ici.ous), images (flickr), videos (YouTube), presentations (slideshare), e-mails (plaxo), social networks (orkut, facebook, Hi5..), etc.. – AJAX technologies • XHTML, CSS, DOM, XML, XMLHttpRequest, Javascript.. – SOA Architecture • connect different applications sharing services – XML Web Services • XML,WSDL,SOAP,UDDI • RSS syndication, etc.. • Syndication technologies – XML – RSS – Podcast
  15. 15. history new technologies technologies informaticity new applications challenges • Wireless Networks VOICE DATA GLOBAL SATELLITE INMARSAT-P GLOBALSTAR IRIDIUM CONTINENTAL HF/ METEOR BURST ODYSSEY TETRA TETRA INTERNATIONAL V+D & DMO GSM NATIONAL TACS PMR & ETACS PAMR MOBITEX MATS RD-LAP REGIONAL NMT URBAN UMTS DAWS LOCAL Telepoint SITE WiFi (IEEE 802.11 a, b, g) MOBILITY CT2/3 HIPERLAN OFFICE Bluetooth (IEEEDECT 802.15) GROUP BROADCAST TELEPHONY STATUS TRAFFIC PACKET-DATA CALL CALL SHORT DATA 9kb/s 28kb/s 144kb/s 2Mb/s 155Mb/s DATA ISDN BISDN INFORMATION (bit/s)
  16. 16. history new technologies technologies informaticity new applications challenges • New Technologies – “Near Field Communication” – NFC
  17. 17. history new technologies technologies informaticity new applications challenges • “Near Field Communication” – NFC http://www.ecma-international.org/activities/Communications/2004tg19-001.pdf http://www.ecma-international.org/activities/Communications/2004tg19-001.pdf
  18. 18. history tecnologias technologies informaticity new applications challenges RFID readers – “Old” technology Antena reader module
  19. 19. history technologies informaticity new applications challenges • New RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) Applications RFID reader RFID Smart server Label - Components - management of demand, smart label machine invoicing, accounting, direct marketing, etc.
  20. 20. history technologies informaticity informaticity new applications challenges • Informaticity
  21. 21. history technologies informaticity informaticity new applications challenges • from Europeans directives – IST Program, Key Actions 4 (2003) Open Framework for Services development and deployment, Personalised Services (distribution and sharing) Ubiquitous Computing Fixed / mobile / broadcast networks User-centred design Augmented interfaces High-capacity, self-aware, self-organising networks Integrated & adaptive networks Sub- and Microsystems for communicating appliances & devices System-On-a-Chip within networked systems Reuse of IP blocks
  22. 22. history technologies informaticity informaticity new applications challenges • it was born some applications.. – iCEBOX TV Internet DVD/CD Radio FM Home Video Monitoring Touch Screen Remote & Keyboard
  23. 23. history technologies digital convergence informaticity new applications challenges • First prototypes iPhone • Some results.. GPS GSM PDA Camera
  24. 24. history technologies digital convergence informaticity new applications challenges • Real Project: – London iBus • £117m • Buses in London – 6,3 Million persons/day – 17.500 buses stop – 700 routes – 8.000 buses – 450 Millions km/year – 15 private enterprise manage the routes • (…) Prague bus systems? » Maybe you wanna develop digital convergence services.. in the next 5 years?
  25. 25. history technologies digital convergence informaticity new applications challenges • iBus services (2007~2009) – real time information • SMS, into the buses, at stops.. – Bus GPS localization – traffic lights priority • GREEN when a bus is coming – Driver can easily inform accidents, and crimes – Timetable for next buses
  26. 26. history technologies convergencia digital informaticity new applications challenges http://www.tfl.gov.uk/buses/downloads/ibus-leaflet.pdf
  27. 27. history technologies ubiquitous devices informaticity new applications challenges • Another current services / applications – embedding ICT in objects of every day use IO-Brush, H. Ishii 2004 TV Espejo, Philips – Handhelds, Wearables, Implants
  28. 28. history technologies ubiquitous devices informaticity new applications challenges – When we think in smart things, devices should be: • aware of user presence • sensitive, adaptive and responsive to users capabilities, needs, habits and emotions • accessible via intuitive interaction
  29. 29. history technologies ubiquitous devices informaticity new applications challenges • Multimodal Systems – Sensors • visual, auditory, olfactory, gustatory, somatic stimuli, kinesthetic and vestibular cues – Control • mouth, face, eyes, (full) body, breath, biological reactions (heart rate, skin resistancy, muscle, neural activity, …)
  30. 30. history technologies informaticity new applications new applications challenges content and services enabling + Setting new requirements devices and infrastructure
  31. 31. history technologies informaticity new applications new applications challenges Application Domains – Science – Economy – Public Sector – Education and Training – Entertainment – Socializing
  32. 32. history technologies informaticity new applications new applications challenges • Science • Economía • Sector Público • Current e|m • Educación y (electronic | mobile) Formación applications can add value at: • Entretenimiento – Powerful Search • Socialización – Collaboration – Presentation of Results – Scientific Computing
  33. 33. history technologies informaticity new applications new applications challenges • Added Value – Remote Conferencing – Virtual Private Networks • Science – Location independent Data Access • Economy – Integration of Business Processes across the value chain Information negotiation transaction after-sales Search Price, sales Payment, Customer products conditions, delivery, Support and terms of insurance services practice
  34. 34. history technologies informaticity new applications new applications challenges • emerging XBRL – eXtensible Business Reporting Language • Science • Change of PDF, MS Word and Excel files by XBRL standards • Economy – Facility to broad information • Into enterprises devices like PDA, mobile phones, laptops, and desktop stations
  35. 35. history technologies informaticity new applications new applications challenges Mobile Decision Support
  36. 36. history technologies informaticity new applications new applications challenges RFID in the primary and secondary sectors primary sector enterprise Secondary sector enterprise RFID RFID Output Input record record RFID tag
  37. 37. history technologies informaticity new applications new applications challenges RFID use at shops RFID antenna
  38. 38. history technologies informaticity new applications new applications challenges RFID at service sector final client Enterprise CRM at third sector Mr. Tomas, we received a new item that you would like to buy! Tomas Look for client profiles The item that I bought List valuables is #$”&!(“&#$ !!! items Emilia Milan Don't worry Mr. Milan, could you pass the item through your RFID reader?
  39. 39. history technologies informaticity new applications new applications challenges Another RFID applications
  40. 40. history technologies informaticity new applications new applications challenges Why (not) to use RFID? Because.. positive negative Increase productivity Client and product registries, etc. Less labour costs what means privacy invasion Store big quantity of data Today Costs of Best stock management implementation CRM automatic process to – Call-backs 78% of people is worried – Guarantee about Ethics of RFÎD use
  41. 41. history technologies informaticity new applications new applications challenges • Added Value – BP Reengineering – Offering public services • e|m-Government for • Science Digital Citizenship – Income tax • Economy – Work search • Public Sector – Social security – IDs, Passports – Auto registry – Constructing permissions – Police declarations – Public library – Born and Wedding certification – Health services
  42. 42. history technologies informaticity new applications new applications challenges • e|m-Government for • Science Enterprises Services • Economy – Public procurement • Public Sector – Social contributions of employers and workers – registry of new enterprises – Corporative income tax – Customs declarations – Environment licenses
  43. 43. history technologies informaticity new applications new applications challenges • Science Added Value • Economy Personalised content • Public Sector New ways of learning and teachning • Education and Training “from the sage on the stage to the guide on the side”
  44. 44. history technologies informaticity new applications new applications challenges • Wireless Campus: University of Aveiro
  45. 45. history technologies informaticity new applications new applications challenges • Seamless Location/Context Awareness
  46. 46. history technologies informaticity new applications new applications challenges Added Value online-gaming Higher quality on digital media consumer market • Science From consumers to producers • Economy • Public Sector • Education and Training • Entertainment
  47. 47. history technologies informaticity new applications new applications challenges • Sensor-Based Information Delivery SMS Gateway Access/ Delivery Services VCM Ergebnis- datenbank
  48. 48. history technologies informaticity new applications new applications challenges • Science • Economy • Public Sector • • Education and Training Added Value – Enrich quality of life • Entertainment – Participation • Socializing – From information media to communication media
  49. 49. history technologies informaticity new applications new applications challenges April, 2007
  50. 50. history technologies informaticity new applications challenges • Performance improvements – Shorten response time • From „best-effort“ to QoS guarantees – Supporting interactivity – Synchronsiation of different media – Meet (near) Real Time constraints • Technical Issues – Encryption, authentication, integrity, …, • Ethical and Legal Issues – Privacy, Trust – Laws of Conduct
  51. 51. history technologies informaticity new applications challenges • Usability, Accessability – ITC should overcome barriers, not create them • User-oriented devices • Ergonomic applications • Support in handling • Intuitive usage • Automated adaptation vs. user control – Personalisation and adaptation are key features of mobile services and smart environments • Enhance safety, ease usage, … – To what degree should user stay in control • Bad example: „Do you really want to …“ • Good example: Automotive industry
  52. 52. history technologies informaticity new applications conclusion challenges Epilogue “O saber deve ser como um rio, cujas águas doces, grossas, copiosas, transbordem do indivíduo, e se espraiem, estancando a sede dos outros... Sem um fim social, o saber será a maior das futilidades ” El saber debe ser como un río que mata la sede de los otros.. Sin una finalidad social, el conocimiento será la más importante de las futilidades. Knowledge should be like a river that helps starving people.. Without a social aim, knowledge will be the most important futility.
  53. 53. history technologies informaticity new applications contacts challenges http://eatis.org/eatis2008 Aracaju, Brazil
  54. 54. history technologies informaticity new applications contacts challenges ufs.br Student interchange Collaboration protocols Europe & Latin America Computing Department, UFS Micro Silicon Valley at Brazilian Northwest Coast
  55. 55. history technologies informaticity new applications contacts challenges Silicon Coast
  56. 56. history technologies informaticity new applications contacts challenges Contacts Děkuji, Thanks, Obrigado! rogerio@ufs.br http://www.linkedin.com/in/kdroger

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