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When Type 2 Diabetes Runs in the Family…

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When Type 2 Diabetes Runs in the Family…

  1. 1. When Type 2 Diabetes Runs in the Family… Tyrell Hardtke Diabetes in the Family: A Case Study CDC’s 2005 Science Ambassador Program
  2. 2. Today’s Question: <ul><li>You learn that type 2 diabetes “runs in the family.” </li></ul><ul><li>How can you avoid developing type 2 diabetes? </li></ul>Diabetic ? ? ? ?
  3. 3. Presentation Overview <ul><li>II. Family History </li></ul><ul><li>A. What is it? </li></ul><ul><li>B. How can we use it to stay healthy? </li></ul><ul><li>I. Diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>A. What is it? </li></ul><ul><li>B. Who has it? </li></ul><ul><li>C. How do you get it? </li></ul><ul><li>D. What does it do? </li></ul><ul><li>E. How do you fix it? </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is Diabetes? <ul><li>A person’s blood sugar levels are too high </li></ul><ul><li>Type 1: Pancreas produces little to no insulin </li></ul><ul><li>Type 2: Over time, lose ability to use the insulin that the body makes </li></ul>Pizza Blood sugar Insulin Blood sugar
  5. 5. Who has Diabetes? <ul><li>About 7% of the population (21 million people) had diabetes in 2005 (2) </li></ul><ul><li>Type 1: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually diagnosed in children and young adults </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>About 5-10% of people with diabetes have type 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Type 2: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Older Adults Children, adults, and older adults!!! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>About 90-95% of people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. What are the risk factors for type 2 diabetes? <ul><li>Age </li></ul><ul><li>Physical inactivity </li></ul><ul><li>Being overweight </li></ul><ul><li>For women: gestational diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Some racial/or ethnic groups </li></ul><ul><li>Type 2 diabetes in the family </li></ul>
  7. 7. How Bad is Type 2 Diabetes, Really? <ul><li>Increases your risk of…. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heart disease, high blood pressure and stroke by about two times. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other complications include blindness, numbness, amputation, impotence, and kidney failure! </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. How Can We Treat and Prevent Type 2 Diabetes? <ul><li>Treatments: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Medications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lifestyle changes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prevention: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learn about your family history </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Work with doctor to monitor health closely, if it runs in family </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eat a healthy diet and be physically active! </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. What Do You Mean “It Runs In The Family?!?” <ul><li>Family history of a disease: one or more of your relatives had a disease </li></ul><ul><li>If you have a family history of a disease, you might have a higher risk of developing the disease than the average person </li></ul><ul><li>Some combinations of your family history, your environment, and your behavior put you at higher risk for developing diseases </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Risk Triangle: A Type 2 Diabetes Example Your Genetics Your Behavior Your Environment Your Risk
  11. 11. Using Family History for Prevention <ul><li>Environment and behavior are modifiable risk factors </li></ul><ul><li>Genetic make-up is a non-modifiable risk factor </li></ul><ul><li>You can prevent disease by changing modifiable risk factors </li></ul>Genetics Behavior Environment Risk Risk Risk
  12. 12. In Summary… <ul><li>Diabetes is a serious, preventable disease that strikes about 21 million Americans! </li></ul><ul><li>We can use knowledge of family history to prevent type 2 diabetes! </li></ul><ul><li>Now, let’s look at a case of a woman who might be at risk, and see if we can help her… </li></ul>
  13. 13. References <ul><li>Diabetes and Public Health Speak: A crash course on the public health aspects of diabetes. PowerPoint presentation by Pamela Allweiss, CDC Science Ambassador Program, June 2005. </li></ul><ul><li>www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/tutorials/diabetesintroduction/id029102.pdf [Accessed 10/27/05] </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/diabetes.htm [Accessed 3/27/06] </li></ul><ul><li>Family History: A disease prevention tool for public health and preventative medicine. PowerPoint presentation by Paula Yoon, CDC Science Ambassador Program, June 2005. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-statistics/heart-disease.jsp [Accessed 8/28/05] </li></ul>

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