Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

When Type 2 Diabetes Runs in the Family…


Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine
  • Be the first to comment

When Type 2 Diabetes Runs in the Family…

  1. 1. When Type 2 Diabetes Runs in the Family… Tyrell Hardtke Diabetes in the Family: A Case Study CDC’s 2005 Science Ambassador Program
  2. 2. Today’s Question: <ul><li>You learn that type 2 diabetes “runs in the family.” </li></ul><ul><li>How can you avoid developing type 2 diabetes? </li></ul>Diabetic ? ? ? ?
  3. 3. Presentation Overview <ul><li>II. Family History </li></ul><ul><li>A. What is it? </li></ul><ul><li>B. How can we use it to stay healthy? </li></ul><ul><li>I. Diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>A. What is it? </li></ul><ul><li>B. Who has it? </li></ul><ul><li>C. How do you get it? </li></ul><ul><li>D. What does it do? </li></ul><ul><li>E. How do you fix it? </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is Diabetes? <ul><li>A person’s blood sugar levels are too high </li></ul><ul><li>Type 1: Pancreas produces little to no insulin </li></ul><ul><li>Type 2: Over time, lose ability to use the insulin that the body makes </li></ul>Pizza Blood sugar Insulin Blood sugar
  5. 5. Who has Diabetes? <ul><li>About 7% of the population (21 million people) had diabetes in 2005 (2) </li></ul><ul><li>Type 1: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually diagnosed in children and young adults </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>About 5-10% of people with diabetes have type 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Type 2: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Older Adults Children, adults, and older adults!!! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>About 90-95% of people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. What are the risk factors for type 2 diabetes? <ul><li>Age </li></ul><ul><li>Physical inactivity </li></ul><ul><li>Being overweight </li></ul><ul><li>For women: gestational diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Some racial/or ethnic groups </li></ul><ul><li>Type 2 diabetes in the family </li></ul>
  7. 7. How Bad is Type 2 Diabetes, Really? <ul><li>Increases your risk of…. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heart disease, high blood pressure and stroke by about two times. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other complications include blindness, numbness, amputation, impotence, and kidney failure! </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. How Can We Treat and Prevent Type 2 Diabetes? <ul><li>Treatments: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Medications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lifestyle changes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prevention: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learn about your family history </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Work with doctor to monitor health closely, if it runs in family </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eat a healthy diet and be physically active! </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. What Do You Mean “It Runs In The Family?!?” <ul><li>Family history of a disease: one or more of your relatives had a disease </li></ul><ul><li>If you have a family history of a disease, you might have a higher risk of developing the disease than the average person </li></ul><ul><li>Some combinations of your family history, your environment, and your behavior put you at higher risk for developing diseases </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Risk Triangle: A Type 2 Diabetes Example Your Genetics Your Behavior Your Environment Your Risk
  11. 11. Using Family History for Prevention <ul><li>Environment and behavior are modifiable risk factors </li></ul><ul><li>Genetic make-up is a non-modifiable risk factor </li></ul><ul><li>You can prevent disease by changing modifiable risk factors </li></ul>Genetics Behavior Environment Risk Risk Risk
  12. 12. In Summary… <ul><li>Diabetes is a serious, preventable disease that strikes about 21 million Americans! </li></ul><ul><li>We can use knowledge of family history to prevent type 2 diabetes! </li></ul><ul><li>Now, let’s look at a case of a woman who might be at risk, and see if we can help her… </li></ul>
  13. 13. References <ul><li>Diabetes and Public Health Speak: A crash course on the public health aspects of diabetes. PowerPoint presentation by Pamela Allweiss, CDC Science Ambassador Program, June 2005. </li></ul><ul><li> [Accessed 10/27/05] </li></ul><ul><li> [Accessed 3/27/06] </li></ul><ul><li>Family History: A disease prevention tool for public health and preventative medicine. PowerPoint presentation by Paula Yoon, CDC Science Ambassador Program, June 2005. </li></ul><ul><li> [Accessed 8/28/05] </li></ul>