Thyroid Awareness Public 2007 Presentation


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Thyroid Awareness Public 2007 Presentation

  1. 1. How’s Your Thyroid? Who Needs to Know? What’s the thyroid? What does the thyroid do? Thyroid Disease- The “Hidden” Health Problem Hyperthyroidism Hypothyroidism Who’s at risk? Diagnosis & treatment
  2. 2. What’s the Thyroid? A small, butterfly-shaped gland at the base of the Adam’s Apple The “engine” that regulates the body’s speed If your thyroid is malfunctioning, so are you!
  3. 3. What does the thyroid do? Extracts iodine (“the fuel”) from the bloodstream Produce two thyroid hormones called: Thyroxine (T4) Triiodothyronine (T3) Secretes thyroid hormone Affect every cell, tissue and organ in the human body
  4. 4. The Role of the Pituitary Gland Known as the “Master Gland” Controls all the glands in the endocrine system Acts as the thyroid’s “accelerator” Sends messages in the form of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) These messages tell the thyroid how much thyroid hormone to produce TSH levels rise or fall based on the amount of thyroid hormone being produced
  5. 5. How the thyroid works…
  6. 6. Thyroid Disease The “Hidden” Health Problem
  7. 7. 10 things people should know about thyroid disorders… Up to 27 million Americans may be affected by Thyroid disorders More than half remain undiagnosed Thyroid disorders are more common amongst women Thyroid disorders tend to run in the family Fatigue is a common complaint for under and over active thyroid conditions TSH testing is the most useful test for thyroid screening
  8. 8. 10 things people should know about thyroid disorders… Regular check-ups are the key to successfully managing a malfunctioning thyroid gland Changing brands and dosage that affect thyroid hormone levels should be followed by retesting Do not change your dose of thyroid medication without guidance from your physician. Thyroid conditions in pregnancy warrant close attention Thyroid cancer is one of the fastest growing cancers in America -and one of the most curable
  9. 9. Who do you know with thyroid disease?
  10. 10. Effects of hypothyroidism on the human body Liver Brain • Increased LDL • Depression Cholesterol • Decreased • Elevated Concentration Triglycerides • General Lack of Interest Intestines Heart • Decreased Heart Rate • Constipation • Increased/Decreased • Decreased GI Blood Pressure Activity • Decreased Cardiac Output Reproductive System • Decreased Fertility Kidneys • Menstrual Abnormalities • Decreased Function • Fluid Retention and • May Harm Development of Infant Edema
  11. 11. Thyroid Disease- The “Hidden” Health Problem Hyperthyroidism Hypothyroidism Too much thyroid Not enough thyroid hormone hormone Metabolism speeds Metabolism slows up down
  12. 12. Hyperthyroidism Overproduction of thyroid hormone, causing metabolism acceleration Affects roughly 1% of the U.S. population or two million Americans Graves’ Disease Most common form of hyperthyroidism Autoimmune disorder
  13. 13. Signs & Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism Nervousness Hoarseness or Deepening of Voice Irritability Persistent Sore Throat Difficulty Sleeping Difficulty Swallowing Rapid or Irregular Heartbeat Bulging Eyes Swelling (Goiter) Infertility Weight Loss Menstrual Irregularities Heat Intolerance Moist Palms Increased Sweating Frequent Bowel Movements First-Trimester Miscarriage Family History of Excessive Vomiting in Pregnancy Thyroid Disease or Diabetes
  14. 14. If you have Hyperthyroidism, You’re in good company Barbara Bush Barbara Bush 1984 1991 Pre-treatment Post-treatment
  15. 15. Hypothyroidism Underproduction of thyroid hormone, causing metabolism to slow Affects up to 25 million Americans, approximately twelve million remain undiagnosed Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis Most common thyroid disease in the U.S. Autoimmune disease
  16. 16. “Hidden” features of Hypothyroidism: Cardiovascular: Gastrointestinal: Slow heartbeat Constipation Elevated Cholesterol Weight Gain Aging: Psychiatric: Dry, Scaly Skin Impaired Concentration Depression Sparse or Coarse Hair Lethargy, Fatigue Gynecological: Muscular: Irregular Menstruation Muscle Weakness Infertility Stiffness Ear, Nose & Throat: Blood: Hoarse Voice Anemia
  17. 17. Remembering the Signs & Symptoms of Hypothyroidism Sleepiness, Fatigue Loss of Memory, Trouble Concentrating Unusually Dry Skin Goiter Gradual Personality Change, Depression Increase in Weight Sensitivity to Cold Hair Loss
  18. 18. Diagnosing Hypothyroidism Family & personal medical history Hypothyroidism Interviews patient Physical exam MD observes patient Palpates the thyroid Laboratory tests TSH test A measure of free T4
  19. 19. Who’s at Risk? Women over 40 Five to seven times more likely to develop Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis than men Women 20-50 Graves’ Disease
  20. 20. Treating Thyroid Disorders Hyperthyroidism Radioiodine Therapy Stop thyroid hormone production Anti-thyroid drugs often helpful Replacement therapy often needed Surgery may be necessary Monitoring tailored to patient’s needs
  21. 21. Treating Thyroid Disorders Hypothyroidism Daily oral medications replace missing hormone Individualized dosage adjustment Annual monitoring
  22. 22. How’s Your Thyroid? Tell your doctor when symptoms arise Ask your doctor for a TSH Test and Free T4 Women over 40, make it part of your medical routine Take medication as directed Take Thyroid medication separately from iron, calcium, and multivitamins Do Not change brand or dose of medication If symptoms persist, tell your doctor
  23. 23. When visiting your physician… Prepare questions in advance Don’t hesitate to ask them Observe good health practices: eat properly & exercise Bring your medications
  24. 24. Don’t Let Your Thyroid Slow You Down Know the signs & symptoms Alert your doctor Ask for a TSH Test and a measure of free T4 Take medication only as directed Don’t skip your medicine — Consistency is key Don’t switch brand or dose Take the time to take care of yourself!!!
  25. 25. For more information: Visit us on the web at: