Thyroid Awareness Month PowerPoint Presentation


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  • Rob Stewart, Gail Devers, President George & Barbara Bush
  • Thyroid Awareness Month PowerPoint Presentation

    1. 1. The Thyroid and Your Health
    2. 2. Hormones and Your Health <ul><li>What Is a Hormone? </li></ul><ul><li>Which Ones Especially Affect Women? </li></ul><ul><li>What Can Go Wrong? </li></ul><ul><li>Thyroid Disease - a “Hidden” Problem for Women </li></ul><ul><li>Staying Healthy </li></ul>
    3. 3. What Are Hormones? <ul><li>Chemicals That Are Released </li></ul><ul><li>Into the Bloodstream </li></ul><ul><li>Regulators of Specific Body Functions </li></ul>
    4. 4. The Endocrine System Hypothalamus Pituitary Gland Parathyroid Glands (located on each side of the trachea and near the thyroid) Pancreas Testes Thyroid Gland Adrenal Glands Ovaries
    5. 5. Negative Feedback Loop
    6. 6. Hormones of Special Interest to Women Thyroxine (T4) Thyronine (T3) Progesterone Estrogen
    7. 7. Thyroid Disease The “Hidden” Health Problem
    8. 8. Who do you know with thyroid disease?
    9. 9. What Does Your Thyroid Gland Do for You? <ul><li>Produces Two Hormones Called </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thyroxine (T4) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thyronine (T3) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Regulates Metabolism so Your Cells Function Properly </li></ul><ul><li>Affects Every Cell in the Body </li></ul>
    10. 10. Thyroid Disease Affects Many Body Systems and Overall Health <ul><li>Thyroid Disease Can Have Widespread Effects </li></ul>Thyroid <ul><li>Increased LDL Cholesterol </li></ul><ul><li>Elevated Triglycerides </li></ul>Liver <ul><li>Constipation </li></ul><ul><li>Decreased GI Activity </li></ul>Intestines <ul><li>Decreased Fertility </li></ul><ul><li>Menstrual Abnormalities </li></ul><ul><li>May Harm Development of Infant </li></ul>Reproductive System <ul><li>Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Decreased Concentration </li></ul><ul><li>General Lack of Interest </li></ul>Brain <ul><li>Decreased Heart Rate </li></ul><ul><li>Increased/Decreased Blood Pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Decreased Cardiac Output </li></ul>Heart <ul><li>Decreased Function </li></ul><ul><li>Fluid Retention and Edema </li></ul>Kidneys
    11. 11. Thyroid Hormone Affects Many Organs and General Health Thyroid Uterus Heart Liver Kidney Brain Skin GI Tract Lungs Eyes
    12. 12. When the Thyroid Doesn’t Work Hyperthyroidism Hypothyroidism
    13. 13. Two Common Types of Thyroid Disease <ul><li>Hyperthyroidism </li></ul><ul><li>Hypothyroidism </li></ul>
    14. 14. When the Thyroid Doesn’t Work <ul><li>Hyperthyroidism </li></ul><ul><li>Too Much Thyroid Hormone </li></ul><ul><li>Metabolism Speeds Up </li></ul><ul><li>Hypothyroidism </li></ul><ul><li>Too Little Thyroid Hormone </li></ul><ul><li>Metabolism Slows Down </li></ul>
    15. 15. Hyperthyroidism <ul><li>Affects About 1% of the U.S. Population </li></ul><ul><li>or Two Million Americans </li></ul><ul><li>More Common Among Women </li></ul>
    16. 16. Signs and Symptoms Of Hyperthyroidism Bulging Eyes/Unblinking Stare Menstrual Irregularities or Light Period Excessive Vomiting in Pregnancy First-Trimester Miscarriage Family History of Thyroid Disease or Diabetes Nervousness Irritability Difficulty Sleeping Swelling (Goiter) Frequent Bowel Movements Warm, Moist Palms Hoarseness or Deepening of Voice Difficulty Swallowing Rapid or Irregular Heartbeat Infertility Weight Loss Heat Intolerance Increased Sweating Persistent Sore or Dry Throat
    17. 17. Common Signs and Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism <ul><li>Nervousness </li></ul><ul><li>Irritability </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty Sleeping </li></ul><ul><li>Bulging Eyes </li></ul><ul><li>Unblinking Stare </li></ul><ul><li>Goiter </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid Heartbeat </li></ul><ul><li>Increased Sweating </li></ul><ul><li>Heat Intolerance </li></ul><ul><li>Unexplained Weight Loss </li></ul><ul><li>Scant Menstrual Periods </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent Bowel Movements </li></ul><ul><li>Warm, Moist Palms </li></ul><ul><li>Fine Tremor of Fingers </li></ul>May Include:
    18. 18. If You Have Hyperthyroidism, You’re in Good Company Barbara Bush 1984 Pre-treatment Barbara Bush 1991 Post-treatment
    19. 19. Hypothyroidism: The Hidden Health Problem Affects Up to 25 Million Americans But Approximately 12 Million Are Undiagnosed
    20. 20. Hypothyroidism Affects Multiple Body Systems Central Nervous System Female Reproductive System Cardiovascular System Hypothyroidism Can Cause Serious Harm to Your Health
    21. 21. Signs and Symptoms of Hypothyroidism Tiredness Forgetfulness/Slower Thinking Moodiness/ Irritability Depression Inability to Concentrate Thinning Hair or Hair Loss Loss of Body Hair Dry, Patchy Skin Weight Gain Cold Intolerance Elevated Cholesterol Muscle Weakness or Cramps Constipation Infertility Menstrual Irregularities/ Heavy Period Slower Heartbeat Difficulty Swallowing Persistent Dry or Sore Throat Hoarseness/ Deepening of Voice Swelling (Goiter) Puffy Eyes
    22. 22. Common Signs and Symptoms of Hypothyroidism <ul><li>Tiredness </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of Interest and/or Pleasure </li></ul><ul><li>Forgetfulness </li></ul><ul><li>Dry, Coarse Hair </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of Lateral Eyebrow Hair </li></ul><ul><li>Puffy Face and Eyes </li></ul><ul><li>Goiter </li></ul><ul><li>Slow Heartbeat </li></ul><ul><li>Dry Skin </li></ul><ul><li>Cold Intolerance </li></ul><ul><li>Weight Gain </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy Menstrual Periods </li></ul><ul><li>Constipation </li></ul><ul><li>Brittle Nails </li></ul>May Include:
    23. 23. Hypothyroidism: The “Hidden” Disease Cardiovascular: Slow Heartbeat Elevated Cholesterol Aging: Dry, Scaly Skin Sparse or Coarse Hair Gynecological: Irregular Menstruation Infertility Gastrointestinal: Constipation Weight Gain Muscular: Muscle Weakness Stiffness Ear, Nose & Throat: Hoarse Voice Psychiatric: Impaired Concentration Depression Lethargy, Fatigue Blood: Anemia
    24. 24. How to Remember the Signs and Symptoms of Hypothyroidism <ul><li>S leepiness, Fatigue, Lethargy </li></ul><ul><li>L oss of Memory, Trouble Concentrating </li></ul><ul><li>U nusually Dry, Coarse Skin </li></ul><ul><li>G oiter (Enlarged Thyroid) </li></ul><ul><li>G radual Personality Change, Depression </li></ul><ul><li>I ncrease in Weight, Bloating or Puffiness (Edema) </li></ul><ul><li>S ensitivity to Cold </li></ul><ul><li>H air Loss, Sparseness of Hair </li></ul>
    25. 25. Spectrum of Thyroid Disease Severe Mild Subclinical
    26. 26. Diagnosing Hypothyroidism <ul><li>Family and personal medical history </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hypothyroidism may be Hereditary </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Physical exam </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MD Observes the Patient </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Palpates the thyroid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interviews patient </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Laboratory Tests </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TSH Test </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free T4 </li></ul></ul>
    27. 27. Diagnosing Thyroid Disease <ul><li>Family and Medical History </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Examination </li></ul><ul><li>Laboratory Tests (TSH Test and Free T4) </li></ul>
    28. 28. TSH Testing Thyroid “ Sends Telegram” Pituitary T3 & T4 TSH
    29. 29. Why Test Women Over 40? <ul><li>Early Detection </li></ul><ul><li>Early Treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Organ Damage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unpleasant Symptoms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other Negative Health Consequences </li></ul></ul>
    30. 30. Treating Thyroid Disorders <ul><li>Radioiodine Therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Stop Thyroid Hormone Production </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti-thyroid Drugs Often Helpful </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Replacement Therapy Often Needed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Surgery Maybe Necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring Tailored to Individual Patient Status and Needs </li></ul>Hyperthyroidism
    31. 31. Treating Thyroid Disorders <ul><li>Daily Oral Medication to Replace Missing Hormone </li></ul><ul><li>Individualized Dosing Adjustment to Find the Right Dose for Each Patient </li></ul><ul><li>Annual Monitoring </li></ul>Hypothyroidism
    32. 32. Your Responsibilities <ul><li>Tell Your Doctor if You Have Symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Ask Your Doctor for a TSH Test and Free T4 -- Make These Tests as Part of Your Medical Routine if You Are a Woman Over 35 </li></ul><ul><li>Take Your Medication as Directed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Take Your Thyroid Medication Separately from </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Iron, Calcium and Multivitamins </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Do Not Change Brand or Dose of Your Thyroid Medication Without Consulting Your Doctor </li></ul><ul><li>If Symptoms Persist or Return, Tell Your Doctor </li></ul>
    33. 33. Be Your Physician’s Partner in Your Health Care <ul><li>Prepare Any Questions You </li></ul><ul><li>May Have in Advance </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t Hesitate to Ask Them </li></ul><ul><li>Observe Good Health Practices: </li></ul><ul><li>Eat Right and Exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Bring Your Medications with You </li></ul><ul><li>When You See Your Doctor </li></ul>
    34. 34. Don’t Let Your Thyroid Slow You Down <ul><li>Know the Signs and Symptoms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tell Your Doctor if You Have Any of Them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ask Your Doctor for a TSH Test and Free T4 if You Have Them </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Take Your Medications Only as Directed by Your Physician </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t Skip Your Medicine -- Consistency Is the Key to Effective Treatment and Your Thyroid Health </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t Change Brands or Dose Unless Your Doctor Approves the Change and Monitors Your Blood Levels </li></ul><ul><li>Take Time to Take Care of Yourself! </li></ul>