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Managing Diabetes1-What is Diabetes


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Managing Diabetes1-What is Diabetes

  1. 1. Managing Diabetes <ul><li>What Is Diabetes? </li></ul><ul><li>and </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetes ABCs </li></ul>
  2. 2. Managing Diabetes
  3. 3. Choose to Live <ul><li>Choose to Live Ten-Part Series </li></ul><ul><li>What is Diabetes?/Diabetes ABCs </li></ul><ul><li>Getting the Best Care for Your Diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>All About Blood Glucose </li></ul><ul><li>Planning Healthy Meals </li></ul><ul><li>All About Physical Activity </li></ul><ul><li>Losing Weight </li></ul>
  4. 4. Choose to Live <ul><li>7. Learning How to Change Habits </li></ul><ul><li>8. Medications </li></ul><ul><li>9. Avoiding Complications </li></ul><ul><li>10. Foot Care </li></ul>
  5. 5. Topics <ul><li>What is diabetes? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the ABCs of diabetes? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Diabetes <ul><li>What is Diabetes? </li></ul><ul><li>Blood glucose (sugar) levels higher than normal </li></ul><ul><li>Not enough insulin to allow glucose to enter cells to be used for energy </li></ul>
  7. 7. What is Diabetes? - Video Clip
  8. 8. Insulin – Video Clip
  9. 9. Types of Diabetes <ul><li>Type 1 diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Usually diagnosed in children and young adults </li></ul><ul><li>Type 2 diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Most common form </li></ul><ul><li>Most often diagnosed in adults </li></ul><ul><li>Gestational diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Can appear during pregnancy </li></ul><ul><li>High risk for type 2 diabetes later in life </li></ul>
  10. 10. Type 1 Diabetes – Video Clip
  11. 11. Type 2 Diabetes – Video Clip
  12. 12. Insulin Resistance <ul><li>Many people with type 2 diabetes have insulin resistance. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Type 2 Diabetes – Video Clip
  14. 14. Managing Your Diabetes <ul><li>Most of diabetes day-to-day care is up to YOU </li></ul><ul><li>Choosing what you eat </li></ul><ul><li>Including physical activity in your routine </li></ul><ul><li>Taking your medications </li></ul><ul><li>Keeping track of your blood glucose, blood pressure and cholesterol numbers </li></ul><ul><li>Learning all you can about diabetes </li></ul>
  15. 15. Managing Diabetes <ul><li>Keys to Managing Your Diabetes to Delay or Prevent Complications: The ABCs </li></ul><ul><li>A = A1C </li></ul><ul><li>B = Blood Pressure </li></ul><ul><li>C = Cholesterol </li></ul>
  16. 16. A1C <ul><li>A = A1C (pronounced A-one-C) </li></ul><ul><li>Provides average blood sugar for the past 2-3 months </li></ul><ul><li>Recommended level of below 7 for most people with diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Measure at least two times each year </li></ul>
  17. 17. A1C <ul><li>A = A1C </li></ul><ul><li>What was your last AIC result? </li></ul><ul><li>What is your A1C target? </li></ul><ul><li>When is your next A1C check? </li></ul>
  18. 18. Blood Pressure <ul><li>B = Blood Pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Measures force of blood inside your blood vessels </li></ul><ul><li>High blood pressure can lead to heart attack, stroke, eye problems and kidney disease </li></ul><ul><li>Blood pressure of below 130/80 recommended </li></ul>
  19. 19. Blood Pressure <ul><li>B = Blood Pressure </li></ul><ul><li>When was your blood pressure last measured? </li></ul><ul><li>What was your last blood pressure result? </li></ul>
  20. 20. Cholesterol <ul><li>C = Cholesterol </li></ul><ul><li>Fat in your blood - 3 important numbers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HDL - “good” cholesterol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protects your heart </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LDL - “bad” cholesterol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clogs blood vessels </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Triglycerides – fat that increases risk for heart attack and stroke </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Cholesterol <ul><li>Recommended targets: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>LDL below 100 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>HDL above 50 (women) and above 40 (men) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Triglycerides below 150 </li></ul></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Cholesterol <ul><li>C = Cholesterol </li></ul><ul><li>When was your cholesterol last measured? </li></ul><ul><li>What were your last HDL, LDL and triglyceride results? </li></ul>
  23. 23. Review <ul><li>What is Diabetes? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the ABCs? </li></ul>
  24. 24. More Help <ul><li>Diabetes Learning Center </li></ul><ul><li>For people who are recently diagnosed with diabetes, or those needing basic information. </li></ul><ul><li>Online at </li></ul><ul><li>Choose to Live Monthly Challenge </li></ul><ul><li>New timely topic each month to help you manage your diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>With a monthly web chat </li></ul><ul><li>At </li></ul>
  25. 25. Diabetes Learning Center
  26. 26. For More Information <ul><li>For more information about diabetes please call 1-800-DIABETES </li></ul><ul><li>or visit </li></ul>
  27. 27. For More Information <ul><li>Contact your local ADA at </li></ul><ul><li>1-888-DIABETES to learn about activities and volunteer opportunities in your community </li></ul>