Comprehensive Literature Searching Jackie Stapleton

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  • - Library Catalogues (TRELLIS, RACER) -secondary – review articles – PubMed – reviews, special queries – systematic reviews -Journal indexes (see handout for source list) Cited reference searching Forward with Web of Science Backward with bibliographies Grey literature (see handout for source list) Dissertations Google versus Google Scholar for associations / government sites Data / Statistics Contact the experts
  • Put it together with boolean, truncation (PubMed – asterick for truncation, $ to replace a letter) -intersection – AND -way computer processes – put in brackets – do all the OR first then the AND
  • - Library Catalogues (TRELLIS, RACER) -secondary – review articles – PubMed – reviews, special queries – systematic reviews -Journal indexes (see handout for source list) Cited reference searching Forward with Web of Science Backward with bibliographies Grey literature (see handout for source list) Dissertations Google versus Google Scholar for associations / government sites Data / Statistics Contact the experts
  • Comprehensive Literature Searching Jackie Stapleton

    1. 1. Comprehensive Literature Searching Jackie Stapleton Liaison Librarian for Health Studies and Gerontology, Kinesiology [email_address] Ext 32503
    2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Understand how the research / publication process affects your searching process </li></ul><ul><li>Search strategies: hints and tips </li></ul><ul><li>Using PubMed, CINAHL (nursing/rehabilitation), SPORTDiscus </li></ul><ul><li>Obtaining articles not at UW </li></ul><ul><li>Managing the references using Refworks </li></ul>
    3. 3. Getting Started 1 UW Library & Connect from home
    4. 4. Getting Started 2 Navigate to the Kinesiology and Health subject guides
    5. 5. Flow of Scientific Information <ul><li>researchers communicate new research through their peers via research networks, conference presentations, websites </li></ul><ul><li>this is called “grey literature” – but basically term used to describe information like conference presentations, government publications </li></ul><ul><li>anything that is not indexed in indexes like PubMed and is difficult to track down </li></ul><ul><li>primary literature consists of the journal articles and formally published conferences </li></ul><ul><li>they are formal methods of presenting primary research results . </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary literature points to and summarizes the primary literature. Great starting point for your research. Provide an overview of the topic and usually an extensive bibliography </li></ul><ul><li>Includes books and review articles </li></ul><ul><li>Tertiary literature is the last stage of the publication process </li></ul><ul><li>Generalized summary of research. Information is regarded as factual information in the scientific community </li></ul><ul><li>Includes textbooks, encyclopedias, handbooks, dictionaries </li></ul>
    6. 6. Research Question and Concept Analysis <ul><li>How do we protect children from exposure to second hand tobacco smoke ? </li></ul>protect children Second hand tobacco smoke
    7. 7. Search statement tips <ul><li>OR joins similar terms; enclose in ( ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>add more terms ? broaden search </li></ul></ul><ul><li>AND joins different concepts or subjects add more subjects ? narrows search </li></ul><ul><li>*, $ different endings of root word (wild card) </li></ul><ul><li> boat* boat, boats, boating, boater etc. </li></ul><ul><li> Note: be careful using * in PubMed </li></ul>
    8. 8. Example search strategy <ul><li>How do we protect children from exposure to second hand tobacco smoke ? </li></ul>Prevention Protection Control Children Child Youth Infants Second hand smoke Secondhand smoke tobacco smoking Involuntary smoking ( prevention OR protection OR control) AND (child* OR youth OR infant*) AND (secondhand smok* OR tobacco smok* OR involuntary smok*)
    9. 9. At UW, where would you search ? <ul><li>For Secondary / Tertiary (books, encyclopedias) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.lib.uwaterloo.ca/discipline/health/quickref.html </li></ul><ul><li>TRELLIS </li></ul><ul><li>Reference collection, Davis Library </li></ul><ul><li>For Secondary ( review articles) </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.lib.uwaterloo.ca/discipline/health/abstracts.html </li></ul><ul><li>For Primary (journal articles) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.lib.uwaterloo.ca/discipline/health/abstracts.html </li></ul><ul><li>track down bibliographies from reviews, books </li></ul><ul><li>cited reference searching to find newer articles </li></ul><ul><li>For Grey (conference proceedings, association information, statistics, government reports) </li></ul><ul><li>lots of places - “Google Scholar it” PLUS…see handout </li></ul>Traditional Review A review article, usually written by an expert in the field, that synthesizes the results and conclusions of 2 or more publications on a specific topic. Systematic Review A review article, usually written by many individuals, with a clearly formulated question that uses systematic and explicit methods to identify, select and critically appraise relevant research, and to collect and analyze data from the studies that are included in the review.
    10. 10. Where to go next? <ul><li>If you feel you already have a good background in your topic, look to the journal literature (primary literature) for up to date and current research </li></ul><ul><li>Selecting the most relevant journal indexes is an important step in finding articles </li></ul><ul><li>Important indexes in kinesiology and health can be found on the subject guides. These include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CINAHL (nursing and allied health including physical and occupational therapy) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cochrane Library (systematic reviews in medical topics) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PsycINFO </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MEDLINE (many versions incl. PubMed) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SPORTDiscus </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http:// www.lib.uwaterloo.ca/discipline/discip.html </li></ul>
    11. 11. Searching the journal literature <ul><li>Although PubMed (MEDLINE) will be your primary source of information, there are other important journal indexes which complement the clinical information. I will: </li></ul><ul><li>Highlight some of the advanced searching features in PubMed </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrate the CINAHL and SportDiscus (OVID databases) </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrate Refworks to create a personal database of relevant articles in your research area </li></ul>
    12. 12. PubMed (MEDLINE) <ul><ul><li>Major source of information for clinical health topics. To use effectively, you should be aware of the following: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use subject headings (i.e. MeSH terms) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use the resources in the left-hand toolbar (special queries) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use the tab features (limit, history, clipboard) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change the article record display to learn more information about the article </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Start at Research Databases page (or UW Ace guide) </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. CINAHL / SPORTDiscus <ul><li>CINAHL </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nursing and Allied Health index </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use for topics such as rehabilitation, therapy, health promotion, consumer health </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SPORTDiscus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sport and fitness index </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Includes both scholarly and non scholarly sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Includes many types of information including journal articles, books, abstracts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.lib.uwaterloo.ca/discipline/kin/journals.html </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. What if the article I need isn’t available online at UW? <ul><li>Possibility 1. The journal title is in TRELLIS at UW but is in paper format = photocopy </li></ul><ul><li>Possibliity 2. The journal title is in paper or electronic format at Guelph or WLU = request it from TRELLIS - TUGDoc </li></ul><ul><li>Possibility 3. There is no match in TRELLIS or the year I need isn’t listed = request item NOT in TRELLIS </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Step 1 – Search CISTI Source – 2-3 day delivery </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Step 2 – Use RACER – 2-3 week delivery </li></ul></ul></ul>
    15. 15. CISTI Source <ul><li>Only use for journal articles (not proceedings) published after 1993. </li></ul><ul><li>Receive articles in the within 2-3 days of ordering </li></ul><ul><li>Need CISTI Source username and password </li></ul>
    16. 16. CISTI Source username and password <ul><li>For Kinesiology undergrads: Write this down! </li></ul><ul><li>username: fgh66461 </li></ul><ul><li>password: ke46ke </li></ul><ul><li>Health Studies username and password are available through the Hlth 445 UW Ace Library research guide </li></ul><ul><li>Contact Jackie Stapleton, [email_address] with questions </li></ul>
    17. 17. Steps to order article: 1. Search CISTI by article title 2. Select article from results
    18. 18. <ul><li>Order article </li></ul><ul><li>Enter your name / Undergrad / course# / email </li></ul><ul><li>When the article arrives in Davis Library, you will be notified to pick it up at the circulation desk </li></ul>
    19. 19. RACER <ul><li>Interlibrary loan service – all Ontario universities </li></ul><ul><li>Search for the journal title – use quotes “AIChE Journal” </li></ul><ul><li>Fill in article information </li></ul><ul><li>2-3 week delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Track your requests </li></ul><ul><li>No cost to you </li></ul>
    20. 20. <ul><li>Any questions about document delivery? </li></ul>
    21. 21. Need images? <ul><li>Try the following links on the Kinesiology subject guide: </li></ul><ul><li>Images MD </li></ul><ul><li>Primal Pictures </li></ul><ul><li>Public Health Image Library </li></ul><ul><li>Online book collection </li></ul><ul><li>* Remember, always reference source of image </li></ul>http:// www.lib.uwaterloo.ca/discipline/kin/books.html Taken from: Maratos-Flier E. Atlas of Clinical Endocrinology: Diabetes. Edited by Jay S. Skyler. ©2006 Current Medicine Inc. Image of anterior cruciate ligament. Taken from : Primal Pictures Interactive Knee Version 1.1
    22. 22. RefWorks <ul><li>Managing information </li></ul><ul><li>Search library resources and import the citations </li></ul><ul><li>Use the get it @ waterloo link to automatically check TRELLIS holdings of books and journals </li></ul><ul><li>Manually add information you find on Web pages along with links </li></ul><ul><li>Time saver when writing papers </li></ul><ul><li>Add the “write n cite” Word add-on for automatic linking to Refworks citations </li></ul><ul><li>Create in-text citations and bibliographies automatically in any bibliographic style. Reformatting styles is fast </li></ul>
    23. 23. Where to find Refworks help: <ul><li>445 UW Ace course </li></ul><ul><li>Kinesiology subject guide </li></ul><ul><li>Library homepage </li></ul><ul><li>Login to Refworks </li></ul>

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