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Embracing Game Technology  for Medical Education ROGER SMITH Chief Technology Officer US Army PEO STRI http://www.peostri.army.mil/CTO Approved for Public Release.  Security and OPSEC Review Completed: No Issues.
Sim One (1967):  Computers and Mechanics Denson JS, Abrahamson S. A computer-controlled patient simulator.  Journal of the American Medical Association  1969; 208:504–8.
MIST-VR (1995+) Graphics and Virtual Reality
Growing Issue in Medical Education ,[object Object],[object Object]
“ The Perfect Storm”  (Murphy, J of Critical Care, 2007) ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
The Next Step in Training Human Animal Box Trainer Mannequin Simulator VR/Game Tech
21 st  Century Simulation 3D  Graphics VR Immersive Sim Game Technology 1980’s 1990’s 1990’s 2000’s “ Nothing endures but change” – Heraclitus, 5 th  Century BC
Game Technology:  the more successful son of VR Hermann Albert Physical Models AI Network Persist ence 3D Engine GUI Game Tech Core
Powerful Motivations ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Similar for Military, Industrial, and Medical Training
Motive 1: Lower Cost ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
M1: Return on Investment Derived from Frost & Sullivan 2004 Category Description Fixed Cost Recurring Over Residency  (4 Years) After Residency (5th Year) Total over 5 Years Investment AccuTouch Simulator (72,000) (18,664) 0  (90,664)     Time Savings Instructor time 23,040  0  23,040    Additional Procedures 0  114,400  114,400  Reduction in Errors Complications 0  0  0    Cancellations 13,600  0  13,600  Faster Time to Competence Residents generating revenue 78,000  0  78,000  Equipment Breakage Reduction due to better training 5,428  5,428  10,856  Other Financial Benefits Reduction in alternative training 4,400  0  4,400    Revenue from selling time on simulator 93,000  0  93,000    Total Cost/Benefit (72,000) 198,804  119,828  246,632
Motive 2: Better Access ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
M2: Better Access to Symptoms ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Motive 3: Reduced Time ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Motive 4: Reduced Errors ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Conclusion ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
References (1) ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
References (2) ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
References (3) ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
For the Complete Study ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Expert in 10,000 Hours How big is 10,000 hours? (8hr/day, 50 wks/year) = 1250 days = 25 years (16 hr/day, 50 wk/yr) = 625 days = 12.5 years
Learning Curve Massed  Learning Reinforcing Learning Cliff Notch time Proficiency

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Embracing Game Technology for Medical Education

  • 1. Embracing Game Technology for Medical Education ROGER SMITH Chief Technology Officer US Army PEO STRI http://www.peostri.army.mil/CTO Approved for Public Release. Security and OPSEC Review Completed: No Issues.
  • 2. Sim One (1967): Computers and Mechanics Denson JS, Abrahamson S. A computer-controlled patient simulator. Journal of the American Medical Association 1969; 208:504–8.
  • 3. MIST-VR (1995+) Graphics and Virtual Reality
  • 4.
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  • 6. The Next Step in Training Human Animal Box Trainer Mannequin Simulator VR/Game Tech
  • 7. 21 st Century Simulation 3D Graphics VR Immersive Sim Game Technology 1980’s 1990’s 1990’s 2000’s “ Nothing endures but change” – Heraclitus, 5 th Century BC
  • 8. Game Technology: the more successful son of VR Hermann Albert Physical Models AI Network Persist ence 3D Engine GUI Game Tech Core
  • 9.
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  • 11. M1: Return on Investment Derived from Frost & Sullivan 2004 Category Description Fixed Cost Recurring Over Residency (4 Years) After Residency (5th Year) Total over 5 Years Investment AccuTouch Simulator (72,000) (18,664) 0 (90,664)     Time Savings Instructor time 23,040 0 23,040   Additional Procedures 0 114,400 114,400 Reduction in Errors Complications 0 0 0   Cancellations 13,600 0 13,600 Faster Time to Competence Residents generating revenue 78,000 0 78,000 Equipment Breakage Reduction due to better training 5,428 5,428 10,856 Other Financial Benefits Reduction in alternative training 4,400 0 4,400   Revenue from selling time on simulator 93,000 0 93,000   Total Cost/Benefit (72,000) 198,804 119,828 246,632
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  • 22. Expert in 10,000 Hours How big is 10,000 hours? (8hr/day, 50 wks/year) = 1250 days = 25 years (16 hr/day, 50 wk/yr) = 625 days = 12.5 years
  • 23. Learning Curve Massed Learning Reinforcing Learning Cliff Notch time Proficiency