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Make war not only unthinkable but
materially impossible - R. Schuman




        European Union
                Historical Events




Ana Rotaru, Guilherme Meyers, Rodrigo Monteiro, Vítor Braz
Europe, an old idea
 Desire to unify some parts to constitute a
 state.




                               Napoleon Bonaparte
EU’s background
 1951: Creation of the European Coal and Steel
  Community.

 Creation   of   a   six   nation   international
  organization.




                                     The ECSC’ flag
On the road to Unity
 European Defence Community (EDC).


 The Treaty of Rome (1957).
1957
1957 : 6 members

 Creation of the European Economic Community
 (EEC).


                             Members:
                             France
                             Belgium
                             Luxemburg
                             West-Germany
                             Italy
              EEC Flag       Netherlands
          Designed in 1957
1973
1973 : 9 members
 In 1973, 3 countries joined the former EEC.


                            Members:
                                …
                            Denmark
                            United Kingdom
                            Ireland




     Edward Heath
1981
1981/1985
 Creation   of   open   borders   without   passport
  (1985).
1986
1986 : Portugal Joins the EEC
 The European flag (1986);


 In 1973, 2 countries joined the former EEC.



                              Members:

                              …
                              Portugal
                              Spain
The Single European Act
 The first major revision of the Treaty of
  Rome (1975).

 1992  December 31st- creation of the Single
  Market concept.

 Establishment   of   the   European   Political
  Cooperation.
1993 : EU
 November  1st- The creation of the European
  Union and its single currency, the euro.

 Delors Commission.




                              Delors Commission
1995
1995
 Then, 3 countries joined the former EU.




                        Members:
                           …
                        Sweden
                        Finland
                        Austria
2002 : €uro
 Replacing of national currency for euro bills
  and coins.
 The eurozone has increased to encompass
  sixteen countries.
2004
2007
2004
Members:

…                …
Slovakia         Hungary
Slovenia         Latvia
Cyprus           Lithuania
Czech Republic   Malta
Estonia          Poland




                             Eastern Street
2007

Members:

…
Bulgaria
Romania




             Bulgarian Parliament
Evolution of the EU (former EEC)

                           1957
                           1973
                           1981
                           1986
                           1995
                           2004
                           2007
European Parliament
 It represents the people of the EU.
 Elected only by the EU body.

 Elections- every 5 years (since 1979)

 Parliament sits in:




      Strasbourg...              Brussels.
European Parliament
European Constitution
 Signed in 2004 by the 25 member states.

 France  and the Netherlands rejected      the
  referendum, so the UK never voted.
Treaty of Lisbon
 Occurred on December 1st 2009.
 It changed:
  the legal structure of the European Union;
  merging the EU three pillars system into a single
   legal entity;
  and it created a permanent President of the European
   Council (Herman von Rompuy was the first);
  a   strengthened   High   Representative   (Catherine
   Ashton).
The Anthem




Beethoven's 9th Symphony – Ode to Joy
Now What?
 The future is uncertain.



 When will the European widening stop?



 Will Turkey join the EU?

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European Union - União Europeia | Inglês

  • 1. Make war not only unthinkable but materially impossible - R. Schuman European Union Historical Events Ana Rotaru, Guilherme Meyers, Rodrigo Monteiro, Vítor Braz
  • 2. Europe, an old idea  Desire to unify some parts to constitute a state. Napoleon Bonaparte
  • 3. EU’s background  1951: Creation of the European Coal and Steel Community.  Creation of a six nation international organization. The ECSC’ flag
  • 4. On the road to Unity  European Defence Community (EDC).  The Treaty of Rome (1957).
  • 6. 1957 : 6 members  Creation of the European Economic Community (EEC). Members: France Belgium Luxemburg West-Germany Italy EEC Flag Netherlands Designed in 1957
  • 8. 1973 : 9 members  In 1973, 3 countries joined the former EEC. Members: … Denmark United Kingdom Ireland Edward Heath
  • 10. 1981/1985  Creation of open borders without passport (1985).
  • 11. 1986
  • 12. 1986 : Portugal Joins the EEC  The European flag (1986);  In 1973, 2 countries joined the former EEC. Members: … Portugal Spain
  • 13. The Single European Act  The first major revision of the Treaty of Rome (1975).  1992 December 31st- creation of the Single Market concept.  Establishment of the European Political Cooperation.
  • 14. 1993 : EU  November 1st- The creation of the European Union and its single currency, the euro.  Delors Commission. Delors Commission
  • 15. 1995
  • 16. 1995  Then, 3 countries joined the former EU. Members: … Sweden Finland Austria
  • 17. 2002 : €uro  Replacing of national currency for euro bills and coins.  The eurozone has increased to encompass sixteen countries.
  • 18. 2004
  • 19. 2007
  • 20. 2004 Members: … … Slovakia Hungary Slovenia Latvia Cyprus Lithuania Czech Republic Malta Estonia Poland Eastern Street
  • 21. 2007 Members: … Bulgaria Romania Bulgarian Parliament
  • 22. Evolution of the EU (former EEC)  1957  1973  1981  1986  1995  2004  2007
  • 23. European Parliament  It represents the people of the EU.  Elected only by the EU body.  Elections- every 5 years (since 1979)  Parliament sits in: Strasbourg... Brussels.
  • 25. European Constitution  Signed in 2004 by the 25 member states.  France and the Netherlands rejected the referendum, so the UK never voted.
  • 26. Treaty of Lisbon  Occurred on December 1st 2009.  It changed:  the legal structure of the European Union;  merging the EU three pillars system into a single legal entity;  and it created a permanent President of the European Council (Herman von Rompuy was the first);  a strengthened High Representative (Catherine Ashton).
  • 27. The Anthem Beethoven's 9th Symphony – Ode to Joy
  • 28. Now What?  The future is uncertain.  When will the European widening stop?  Will Turkey join the EU?

Editor's Notes

  1. Guilherme
  2. Ana
  3. Rodrigo
  4. Guilherme
  5. Vítor
  6. Ana
  7. Vítor