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“Cycling and the Law”
Prove fault
Concept of harm
– where a person is held liable not for failure
to display the diligence of a reasonable
person, but becau...
Industrial Revolution
Locomotive on the Highways Act (1861)
Locomotive Act (1865)
Lord Bramwell Powell v Fall (1880)
Advent of motorised vehicles
Gibbons v Vanguard (1908)
Wing v London General Omnibus (1909)
What were our European neighbours
doing?
“Betriebsgefahr”
1907 - Germany
1920 – Netherlands
“Loi Badinter”
1985 - France
Romania
Malta
Cyprus
UK
Ireland
The 5 who ignore the concept of harm
Fault based system
Level Playing Field
Common Cycling Incidents
Dooring
Junctions
Passing
Roundabouts
Jamie Aarons
Mark Lonnen
Fault based system - Dooring
Walter Hamilton
Fault based system - Junctions
Fault based system - Roundabouts
Alex Gibson
Fault based system - Passing
Prove fault?
Cycle Paths
Cycle Paths
Cycle Lanes – Highway Code
Rule 140
Cycle lanes. These are shown by
road markings and signs. You MUST
NOT drive or park in...
Cycle Lanes
Clenshaw v Tanner
Cycle Lanes
Billington v Maguire
Road Hazards
Robinson v SBC
Cyclist v dog
Animals Scotland Act (1987)
What if it happens to you?
What to do at the scene of an accident
• STOP
• CONTACT the Police
• OBTAIN registration number
• PHOTOGRAPH the scene/roa...
Campaigning for safer cycling in
Scotland
Campaign for
Presumed Liability
Presumed Liability
Who brings most harm?
No country in the
World has achieved
both HIGH levels of
walking + cycling
and LOW casualty
levels without
presumed liabil...
Positive Note- NHS
Benefits of cycling
Cycling is one of the easiest ways to fit exercise into your daily
routine because ...
BikeRadar – reasons to be cheerful
1. You’ll get there faster.
2. Sleep more deeply
3. Look younger
4. Boost your bowels
5...
Legal Expense Protection
Q and A
brenda.mitchell@cyclelawscotland.co.uk
www.cyclelawscotland.co.uk
cyclelawscotland
cyclelaw1
"Cycling and the Law"  - Edinburgh Royal Infirmary - 23/08/16
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"Cycling and the Law" - Edinburgh Royal Infirmary - 23/08/16

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Presentation and discussion to the cycling community working at Edinburgh Royal Infirmary/NHS Lothian

Published in: Law
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"Cycling and the Law" - Edinburgh Royal Infirmary - 23/08/16

  1. 1. “Cycling and the Law”
  2. 2. Prove fault
  3. 3. Concept of harm – where a person is held liable not for failure to display the diligence of a reasonable person, but because they are in control of a potential source of danger to other people’s lives, health and property. No fault liability
  4. 4. Industrial Revolution Locomotive on the Highways Act (1861) Locomotive Act (1865) Lord Bramwell Powell v Fall (1880)
  5. 5. Advent of motorised vehicles Gibbons v Vanguard (1908) Wing v London General Omnibus (1909)
  6. 6. What were our European neighbours doing? “Betriebsgefahr” 1907 - Germany 1920 – Netherlands “Loi Badinter” 1985 - France
  7. 7. Romania Malta Cyprus UK Ireland The 5 who ignore the concept of harm
  8. 8. Fault based system
  9. 9. Level Playing Field
  10. 10. Common Cycling Incidents Dooring Junctions Passing Roundabouts
  11. 11. Jamie Aarons Mark Lonnen Fault based system - Dooring
  12. 12. Walter Hamilton Fault based system - Junctions
  13. 13. Fault based system - Roundabouts
  14. 14. Alex Gibson Fault based system - Passing
  15. 15. Prove fault?
  16. 16. Cycle Paths
  17. 17. Cycle Paths
  18. 18. Cycle Lanes – Highway Code Rule 140 Cycle lanes. These are shown by road markings and signs. You MUST NOT drive or park in a cycle lane marked by a solid white line during its times of operation. Do not drive or park in a cycle lane marked by a broken white line unless it is unavoidable. You MUST NOT park in any cycle lane whilst waiting restrictions apply. Law RTRA sects 5 & 8
  19. 19. Cycle Lanes Clenshaw v Tanner
  20. 20. Cycle Lanes Billington v Maguire
  21. 21. Road Hazards
  22. 22. Robinson v SBC
  23. 23. Cyclist v dog
  24. 24. Animals Scotland Act (1987)
  25. 25. What if it happens to you?
  26. 26. What to do at the scene of an accident • STOP • CONTACT the Police • OBTAIN registration number • PHOTOGRAPH the scene/road surface/position of vehicles.
  27. 27. Campaigning for safer cycling in Scotland Campaign for Presumed Liability
  28. 28. Presumed Liability Who brings most harm?
  29. 29. No country in the World has achieved both HIGH levels of walking + cycling and LOW casualty levels without presumed liability Presumed Liability Presumed Liability  Responsibility
  30. 30. Positive Note- NHS Benefits of cycling Cycling is one of the easiest ways to fit exercise into your daily routine because it's also a form of transport. Cycling also: • saves you money • gets you fit • helps the environment
  31. 31. BikeRadar – reasons to be cheerful 1. You’ll get there faster. 2. Sleep more deeply 3. Look younger 4. Boost your bowels 5. Increase your brain power 6. Beat illness 7. Live longer 8. Save the planet 9. Improve your sex life 10. It’s good breeding 11. Heal your heart 12. Your boss will love you 13. Cycle away from the big C 14. Lose weight in the saddle 15. You’ll make more money 16. Avoid pollution 17. It means guilt-free snacks 18. Enjoy healthy family time 19. Get better at any sport 20. Make creative breakthroughs 21. You’re helping others 22. You can get fit without trying too hard 23. Boost your bellows 24. Burn more fat 25. You’re developing a positive addiction 26. Get (a legal) high 27. Make friends and stay healthy 28. Be happy 29. Feeling tired? Go for a ride 30. Spend quality time with your partner
  32. 32. Legal Expense Protection
  33. 33. Q and A brenda.mitchell@cyclelawscotland.co.uk www.cyclelawscotland.co.uk cyclelawscotland cyclelaw1

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