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Shang dynasty updated 2009


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Made by Albert Paumar

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Shang dynasty updated 2009

  1. 1. Warm up question: <ul><li>What is so unique about Chinese civilization? </li></ul>
  2. 2. 5,000 years of continuing history <ul><li>Chinese civilization is one of oldest and continuous civilizations on Earth </li></ul>
  3. 3. Question: <ul><li>What was the oldest civilization of China? </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Shang civilization happened in Huang Ho Valley <ul><li>The Huang Ho (Yellow river) originates from Western China and flows through nine provinces </li></ul>
  5. 5. Neolithic settlements in Yangtze & Yellow river valleys <ul><li>The two neolithic villages of Neolithic period in China before the Shang were the: </li></ul><ul><li>Yangshao -painted pottery community </li></ul><ul><li>Longshan- black pottery community </li></ul>
  6. 6. Question: <ul><li>What are the contributions of Shang civilization to the world? </li></ul>
  7. 7. Shang Dynasty contributions <ul><li>Impressive bronze technology </li></ul>
  8. 8. Shang Dynasty contributions <ul><li>Oracle bones —beginning of writing system using ideas and things in vertical order and later became calligraphy </li></ul>
  9. 9. What was the oracle all about? <ul><li>Oracle bones were used to practice of a form of divination, fortune-telling, known as pyro-osteomancy. Pyro-osteomancy is when seers tell the future based on the cracks in an animal bone or turtle shell either in thei natural state or after having been burned. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Continuation……. <ul><li>The cracks were then used to determine the future. The earliest pyro-osteomancy in China included the bones of sheep, deer, cattle, and pigs, in addition to turtle plastrons (shells). Pyro-osteomancy is known from prehistoric east and northeast Asia, and from North American and Eurasian ethnographic reports. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Continuation…… <ul><li>Of most interest to historians are the scratchings discovered on the surface of Shang dynasty oracle bones, which have been identified as precursors to Chinese characters. Oracle bones of the Shang dynasty were ox scapulae and plastrons only, and they had characters and holes drilled into them.. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Shang political system <ul><li>1) priest-kings ruled (most famous king Wu Ding) </li></ul><ul><li>These kings when buried were accompanied with slaves as human sacrifices. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Important religious ideas from Shang <ul><li>Notion of supreme heavenly power—Shangdi (god above) </li></ul><ul><li>Belief in power of spirits of ancestors to affect events on earth (they pray to ancestors) </li></ul><ul><li>Importance of rituals venerating ancestors & role of king in performing rituals </li></ul>
  14. 14. Shang culture characterized by: <ul><li>Stratified social classes (aristocrat vs. lower classes) </li></ul><ul><li>Palatial architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Distinctive writing system </li></ul><ul><li>Elaborate religious rituals </li></ul><ul><li>Sophisticated art forms </li></ul>
  15. 15. Shang culture characterized by <ul><li>Bronze metallurgy </li></ul><ul><li>Horse drawn chariot </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to mobilize human labor for huge projects/corvee labor </li></ul><ul><li>Relatively accurate calendar </li></ul><ul><li>Money in form of cowrie shells </li></ul><ul><li>Pantheon of gods </li></ul><ul><li>Complex lineage structure </li></ul>
  16. 16. Shang musical instruments <ul><li>Music used as “civilizing” influence in state rituals </li></ul><ul><li>Drums </li></ul><ul><li>Bells </li></ul><ul><li>Chiming stones </li></ul><ul><li>ocarinas </li></ul>
  17. 17. Shang economic features <ul><li>Tamed water buffalo </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultivated rice in south </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grain grown in north </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Review Questions: <ul><li>1) What contributions from the Shang civilization can you remember? </li></ul><ul><li>2) How are they important to the present? </li></ul>