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02 sameer

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02 sameer

  1. 1. Bio-Battery:Research at the Intersection between Bio, Energy, and Defense
  2. 2. Solution: CFDRC’s Bio-Battery
  3. 3. CFDRC’s Bio-Battery Uses enzymes to convert sugar directly into electrical energyOptimization of nanocomposite electrode, fuel source, and prototype design give state of the art performance
  4. 4. How it Works Enzymes extracted from microorganisms Enzymes immobilized in Carbon Nanotube based electrode Multi-copper oxidase (Bilirubin Oxidase) Electro-catalytic Bio-nanocomposite Non-covalent/covalent tether (linker) molecule Bilirubin Multi-walled Carbon nanotube Nanocomposite electrodes integrated with fuel cell hardware
  5. 5. Advantages High Energy Density (size/weight) Readily-Available Fuel (instant recharge) Renewable Biocatalysts
  6. 6. Advantages:High Energy Density w/Instant Refueling (Mobility) ~130 Wh/kg ~Tethered to wall for ~2hrs ~250 Wh/kg ~2500 Wh/kg ~2 min to Refuel
  7. 7. Advantages:Fuel Flexibility
  8. 8. Can of coke has the same energy as ~72 AA batteries
  9. 9. 72 Hour Mission AN/PVS 14 (Night Vision) Head Set (2) AA (2) AA .106 lbs/.04 watts* .106 lbs/.019 watts* PEQ-2A (2) AA .106 lbs/.011 Watts* HTWS (Night) (12) AA Lithium .384 lbs/.68 watts* Mag Lite (2) AA .106 lbs/.019 watts*DAGR(24) AA & (1) ½ AA1.3 lbs/.729 watts* 44 AA Batteries total for 24hrs *Average Watts per 72 hours 14
  10. 10. Current Recharging Solutions Traditional Solutions (Generators, HUMVEEs) Not Portable Require Diesel Fuel Renewable Solutions (Flexible Solar Panels) Limited Availability (<20%)
  11. 11. Insect Cyborg Demonstration Miniaturized Biological Fuel Cell Implantation into Beetle 16 Initial 14 After 2 weeks 12 Power (uW) 10 8 6 4 2 0 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 Voltage (V) Continuous power generation for >2 weeks after implant
  12. 12. Insect Video Video courtesy of UC-Berkeley (Prof. Maharbiz)
  13. 13. Applications Portable Charging • Cell phones • Soldier Power Disaster Medical Relief Bio Implants • Generators Battery • Pace makers • Remote Power • Insulin pumps Replacing Batteries • Toys • Greeting Cards

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