DIGITAL POSTER ON SYSTEMS APPROACH
ORIGIN OF SYSTEMS
APPROACH
THE WORD SYSTEM IS DERIVED FROM THE GREEK WORD “SYSTEMS” which means
“BRING TOGETHER”
ELEMENTS OF SYSTEMS APPROACH
1.OPEN/CLOSED SYSTEM: Systems may be either open or closed. An open system is one which
depen...
• It forces managers to view their organization as part of a whole.
• It encourages managers to focus on better communicat...
 If there is a change in environment it may react slowly resulting a chance for a loss.
 It may result in internal dispu...
Systems approach
Systems approach
Systems approach
Systems approach
Systems approach
Systems approach
Systems approach
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Systems approach

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Systems approach

  1. 1. DIGITAL POSTER ON SYSTEMS APPROACH
  2. 2. ORIGIN OF SYSTEMS APPROACH THE WORD SYSTEM IS DERIVED FROM THE GREEK WORD “SYSTEMS” which means “BRING TOGETHER”
  3. 3. ELEMENTS OF SYSTEMS APPROACH 1.OPEN/CLOSED SYSTEM: Systems may be either open or closed. An open system is one which depends on outside environment for its survival. A closed system is one which does not interacts with the outside environment. 2.SUB-SYSTEMS:The entire system is divided into many parts. Each part is called Sub-system. A system may be a sub-system of a larger system like a plant is a part of a company. 3.SYNERGY: It means the whole is greater than the sum of its parts. Synergy means co-operation and interaction of various departments in an organisation which results in more productivity. 4.DEFINED BOUNDARIES: Each system has a defined boundary in an organisation which separates it from other. In a closed systems this element is rigid and in the case of open systems it is flexible. 5.FEEDBACK MECHANISM: The system can modify itself depending on the feedback of people.It helps the system to find and correct its errors. 6.INPUT-OUTPUT SYSTEM: An organisation is an input output system. The inputs include physical, human, financial resources which helps in the production of outputs of goods & services.
  4. 4. • It forces managers to view their organization as part of a whole. • It encourages managers to focus on better communication and cooperation within the organization. • It makes managers acutely aware that good internal management of the organization may not be enough to ensure survival. • It forces managers to be aware of how the environment affects specific parts of the organization. • It concentrates on end results rather than the means. • It provides an orderly and efficient plan of action. • It develops coordination of the specialized activities. • It provides a good basis of control. • It frees management from many daily details of operations management. ADVANTAGES
  5. 5.  If there is a change in environment it may react slowly resulting a chance for a loss.  It may result in internal disputes.  It does not specify the the nature of interactions and inter-dependencies.  It does not concentrate on the means it use DISADVANTAGES

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