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Crime Prevention Merit Badge

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Crime Prevention Merit Badge

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Crime Prevention Merit Badge

  1. 1. CRIME PREVENTION MERIT BADGE Boy Scouts of America
  2. 2. Requirement 1  Discuss the role and value of laws in society with regard to crime and crime prevention. Include in your discussion the definitions of “crime” and “crime prevention”.
  3. 3. What is “Crime”?  Crime is the violation of a law, a duty, or a moral principle.  Those arrested by law enforcement officers for committing crimes face prosecution and punishment.
  4. 4. What is “Crime Prevention”? Crime prevention is the attempt to reduce victimization and to deter crime and criminals. It is applied specifically to efforts made by governments to reduce crime, enforce the law, and maintain criminal justice.
  5. 5. Role and Value of Laws  Every citizen is affected by crime. Millions of crimes are reported to law enforcement agencies every year and these acts affect you and your family either directly or indirectly.  City, State and Federal Governments work to apprehend and bring legal action against those who break the law.  Preventing crime is less costly to citizens and society and helps save people from anguish of being victims.  Citizens carry the financial burden of criminal acts. Citizens must pay, usually through higher taxes, for additional law enforcement officers, increased court costs, and more prisons and jails. Because retail stores must recoup their losses from theft and
  6. 6. Requirement 2  Prepare a notebook of newspaper and other clippings that address crime and crime prevention efforts in your community.
  7. 7. Crime Prevention Notebook  A good way to become informed about crime in your neighborhood is to start a notebook. Clip and save articles from newspapers and other sources relating to crime and crime prevention in your area.  Bring in your notebook next class session.
  8. 8. Requirement 3  Discuss the following with your counselor:  A. The role of citizens, including youth, in crime prevention.  B. Gangs and their impact on the community.  C. When and how to report a crime.
  9. 9. The Role of Citizens  Citizens are responsible for the quality of life in their communities.  Law Enforcement Officers help keep the community safe and they often rely on cooperation from citizens in their crime prevention efforts.  Police are trained to enforce the law and to give citizens information to help prevent crime.  It is up to citizens to protect their personal property, help neighbors guard their property, and report to the police any crime or suspicious
  10. 10. No one is immune from Crime  Citizens have a duty to work with the justice system to help identify, capture and prosecute lawbreakers.  A Scout obeys the laws of his community and country. Because laws are designed to protect you and all citizens, it is important for you to learn about laws, to obey them and to recognize the need to work for their improvement.
  11. 11. Gangs and their Impact  Gangs make neighborhoods unsafe and increase security costs for businesses in those areas. They cause devaluation of property and an undesirable neighborhood.  The National Youth Gang Center estimates that there are more than 650,000 members in more than 25,000 gangs in the United States.  Innocent bystanders often are victims of gang violence.
  12. 12. Gang Characterists:  Links to a neighborhood or territory or ethnicity  Identifiable leadership  Members who regularly interact with one another  Formal organization  Harmful or violent behavior
  13. 13. What message does this send?
  14. 14. When & How to Report a Crime  Prompt reporting is vital to solving crimes.  Information you have might give Law Enforcement Officers the last piece in the puzzle of catching a criminal, establishing a pattern or method, or preventing future crimes.  Your silence might allow a criminal to go on committing crimes against others.  Have emergency and helpful numbers posted near every phone.
  15. 15. What do you say?  Using a clear and calm voice…  Explain to the dispatcher why you are calling  Remain calm while you wait for help  Do not hang up the phone until police have arrived or you have been instructed to do so by the dispatcher  Wait for the police  For crimes in progress or if your life is in danger, immediately call 911 rather than a police number.  Be Prepared, “Know where you are.”
  16. 16. Requirement 4  After doing EACH of the following, discuss with your counselor what you have learned.  A. Inspect your neighborhood for opportunities that may lead to crime. Learn how to do a crime prevention survey.  B. Using the checklist in the pamphlet, conduct a security survey of your home and discuss the results
  17. 17. Opportunities for Crime  Opportunities for crime can & must be eliminated or reduced. Look around your neighborhood to see what can be done to help prevent crime.  Things to look for:  Abandoned buildings with broken windows, burned out or broken street lights, overgrown bushes, and unusual activities at certain residences or abandoned buildings.  These places could be used by criminals to hide or sell drugs or stolen goods. Unusual activities could be different cars or people visiting a house or building at odd hours and for brief
  18. 18. Crime Prevention Survey  A Crime Prevention Survey could include questions like the following to ask your trusted neighbors with your parents:  Has the neighborhood become a better or worse place to live in the past year?  Do you think this area will be better, worse or the same in a year from now?  Do you think crime in my neighborhood is more of a problem than in nearby areas?
  19. 19. Home Security Survey  Burglaries most often occur between 10am and 3pm because those are the hours when families are away from home.  Check your home to see how easy to break in.  Check your windows, garage doors, and doors  Check around the outside of the home where burglars could hide when trying to break in. * Use the Home Security Checklist to complete requirement
  20. 20. Requirement 5  Teach your family or patrol members how to protect themselves from crime at home, at school, in your community, and while traveling.
  21. 21. At Home  Tell trusted neighbors when you will be away  Never give personal information out on the internet or over the phone  Never let a stranger know you are home alone  Install alarm systems, locks, window pins and bars, peepholes, and other security devices  Always keep your garage door closed & locked whether you are home are away  Make sure your home is numbered for easy identification by Police, Fire or EMS
  22. 22. At School  Be Aware or find out information from your Teachers, Principal or School Security Officer…  Gang Violence  Drug Issues  Theft  Bullying
  23. 23. Travel  Park in attended and lit lots  Keep all packages in the trunk or out of view  Never pick up a hitchhiker, even if they are standing next to a stalled car. You can keep driving and call police to help them.  If you believe a car is following you, drive to a police or fire station. Do not go to your home or hotel.  Pay attention to your surroundings
  24. 24. Requirement 6 Help raise awareness about one school safety issue facing students by doing ONE of the following:  A. Create a poster for display on a school bulletin board.  B. With permission from school officials, create a page long public service announcement that could be read over the public address system at school or posted on the school’s website.  C. Make a presentation to a group such as a Cub Scout Den that addresses the issue.
  25. 25. Poster/Announcement/Presenta tion  Help your friends and classmates become more aware of crime at your school by creating a poster that reflects some safety issues students face during a typical school day.  Or, use the information you have gained to make a public service announcement. You will need permission from your Principal.  Or, Consider sharing your poster or presentation with your Troop or a Cub Scout Pack. STOP
  26. 26. Requirement 7  Do ONE of the following:  A. Assist in the planning and organization of a crime prevention program in your community such as Neighborhood Watch, Community Watch, or Crime Stoppers. Explain how this program can benefit your neighborhood.  B. With your parent’s and counselor’s approval, visit a jail or detention facility or a criminal court hearing. Discuss your experience with your counselor.
  27. 27. Neighborhood Watch  Neighborhood Watch programs are designed to help prevent crime. They help neighborhoods enhance home and personal security and reduce fear and isolation.  Ask neighbors their concerns or worries  Establish a meeting location, date and time  Request Local Law Enforcement to attend meeting
  28. 28. Visit a Jail or Criminal Court What will you see… LOSS OF:_________ Freedom Family Time Friendships Future Food Choices Funds And could become a victim of Jail Violence, Exposed to Drugs, and Diseases.
  29. 29. Requirement 8  Discuss the following with your counselor:  A. How drug abuse awareness programs such as “Drugs: A Deadly Game” help prevent crime.  B. Why alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana are sometimes called “gateway drugs” and how gateway drugs can lead to the use of other drugs.  C. Three resources in your city where a person with a drug problem or drug-related problem can go for help.  D. How the illegal sale and use of drugs lead to other crimes.  E. How to recognize child abuse.  F. The Three R’s of Youth Protection.
  30. 30. Drug Awareness Programs  Crimes associated with drugs go beyond the sale and use of illegal substances. Drug users steal from others to get money to buy more drugs. Drug users may commit violent crimes, including assault and murder.  Programs exist to help you get the message about drugs to your friends. Boy Scouts of America’s “Drugs: A Deadly Game” campaign. This prevention and awareness program stimulates discussion in small groups and in classrooms about the dangers of
  31. 31. Gateway Drugs  Nicotine, Alcohol, and marijuana are sometimes described as gateway drugs. These drugs are addictive and are “gateway” to other drugs.  5.3 million violent acts are committed against people 12 years old each year with 29 percent said of the offenders using drugs or alcohol.
  32. 32. Nicotine  Nicotine, one of the main chemical components of tobacco, is a habit-forming drug.  Health Problems can include:  Lung Cancer, Cardiovascular and Respiratory Diseases & Burns  Breathing second-hand smoke can lead to the same health problems.
  33. 33. Alcohol  Alcohol is addictive  It impairs ability to speak clearly, control body movements, or drive a car safely.  Nearly 200,000 deaths are caused each year by drunk drivers.  Young people who drink are more likely to be victims of violent crime, including rape, aggravated assault, and robbery.
  34. 34. Marijuana  Marijuana is addictive.  Many scientists classify the drug as hallucinogenic, which means it plays tricks on the mind and causes users to experience things that are not real.  Marijuana disrupts the way the brain handles thoughts and emotions. It makes it difficult to think clearly, pay attention, do ordinary tasks, and remember things.  Possessing, using or selling marijuana is against the law in the United States.  The National Institute on Drug Abuse reports that marijuana use by children and teenagers to result in lower achievements, deviant behavior, and aggression.
  35. 35. Three Anti-Drug Support Programs in Our Area  AA Information Center, 10 Watson Street Northwest Rome, GA 30165  State D.A.R.E. Coordinator for Georgia, Sgt Darlene Roberts, Whitfield Co. S.O. P.O. Box 1192, Tunnel Hill, GA 30755 (706)277.5356  Georgia Drug and Rehab, 308 Glen Milner Boulevard Rome, GA
  36. 36. Drugs lead to Crime Alcohol Drinkers  Non-drinkers Shoplift 16% Break/Enter 5%  Light drinkers Shoplift 31% Break/Enter 6%  Heavy Drinkers Shoplift 56% Break/Enter 18% Illicit Drug Users  No illicit use Shoplift 29% Break/Enter 6%  Marijuana Shoplift 35% Break/Enter 8%  Marijuana & other drugs Shoplift 56% Break/Enter 18%  Drugs other than Marijuana Shoplift 62% Break/Enter 24%
  37. 37. Recognize Child Abuse  One Million Children are victimized annually by some type of mistreatment.  Of these children, more than half are victims of neglect:  2% medically neglected  19% physically abused  10% sexually abused  7% psychologically mistreated  However, these numbers are probably low because there is no way of knowing how many crimes against children are never reported.  Each year, 1,300 children die in the U.S. as a result of
  38. 38. Look for Signs of Abuse or Neglect  Sudden changes in behavior in school performance  Physical or medical problems brought to a parent’s attention have been ignored  Pessimistic outlook on life, often expecting something terrible to happen  Lack of adult supervision  Overly passive or withdrawn  Arrives for school or activities early, stays late, and does not want to go home
  39. 39. Signs of Sexual Abuse in a Victim  Having difficulty walking or sitting  Refusing to change clothes for gym or P.E.  Reporting nightmares or bedwetting  Sudden change in appetite  Demonstrating unusual sexual knowledge or behavior  Contracting a venereal disease
  40. 40. Signs of Physical Abuse  Unexplained bruises, broken bones, black eyes, burns or appearing fearful  Could include frequent absence from school  Begging or stealing money for food  Lack of medical or dental care  Poor Hygiene  Lack of proper clothing for the weather  Abuse of alcohol or other drugs
  41. 41. Three R’s of Youth Protection  The "three R's" of Youth Protection convey a simple message to youth members:  Recognize situations that place you at risk of being molested, how child molesters operate, and that anyone could be a molester.  Resist unwanted and inappropriate attention. Resistance will stop most attempts at molestation.  Report attempted or actual molestation to a parent or other trusted adult. This prevents further abuse and helps to protect other children. Let the Scout know he or she will not be blamed for what occurred.
  42. 42. Requirement 9  Discuss the following with your counselor:  A. The role of Sheriff’s or Police Department in crime prevention.  B. The purpose and operation of agencies in your community that help law enforcement personnel prevent crime, and how those agencies function during emergency situations.  C. Explain the role private security plays in crime prevention.  D. Choose a career in the crime prevention or security industry that interests you. Describe the level of education required and responsibilities of a person in
  43. 43. Role of Sheriff and Police  Cities hire and train police to help uphold the law. Many police officers work with residents of the community to help prevent crime by supporting programs such as Neighborhood Watch.  Police often are involved in programs at schools to help alleviate juvenile crime by interacting with youths.  A Sheriff’s Department is headed by a Sheriff who is elected by residents of a county. Besides Law Enforcement Duties, Sheriff’s roles can include operating a jail, providing courthouse security, serving court papers, collecting taxes and in some cities, providing police services.  A Police Department is headed by a Police Chief who is hired by the City. Police Officers respond to 911 calls, assists car accidents, investigates crimes, monitors
  44. 44. Supporting Agencies  Many communities have local support networks that are can be private, non-profit or community oriented agencies. These agencies can offer programs for alcohol and drug-abuse counseling, Crime Stoppers, FBI, U.S. Marshal, Secret Service, youth and abuse hotlines, crisis intervention hotlines, shelters for battered spouses, and victim assistance agencies.
  45. 45. Private Security  Private Security Officers are NOT Law Enforcement Officers. They are typically hired by businesses, individuals, or institutions to protect everything from assets to lives. Most Private Security Officers are not permitted by law to arrest anyone.  Common Locations: Museums, Retail Stores, Office Buildings, Concerts, Sports Venues, Airports  Roles can include: enforcing rules, controlling access, preventing loss or theft of property, managing traffic flow and deterring criminal activity
  46. 46. Careers in Crime Prevention  Law Enforcement agencies include police, sheriff, highway patrol, Drug Enforcement Agency, FBI, Secret Service, and U.S. Marshal.  You could also pursue employment in Private Security Guard, Private Investigator, Corrections Officer, Airport Security Officer, Attorney, Judge, or Forensics Expert, Computer Security.  At minimum, these positions require a high school diploma; many require a college degree, and specialized
  47. 47. Requirements  ___ 1. Role and value of laws  ___ 2. Notebook of newspaper articles/clippings  ___ 3. Role of citizens, report crime, gang impact  ___ 4.a Inspect your neighborhood List  ___ 4.b Conduct home security survey  ___ 5. Teach your family to protect themselves, letter from Parent  ___ 6.a,b, or c Poster, Announcement or Presentation  ___ 7.a or b Organize Crime Prevention Program or Visit a Jail  ___ 8.a-f Discuss Drugs, Child Abuse, Youth Protection  ___ 9.a-d Discuss Agencies and Careers   ___ Completed in Powerpoint.
  48. 48. Resources  Crime Prevention Merit Badge Series Boy Scouts of America, 2010 Don’t Forget:

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