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OTC DRUGS AGAINST
PRESCRIPTION DRUGS
By- Anwar Munjewar
M.Pharm (QA), Sem- I
Allana College of Pharmacy
INTRODUCTION
 Medications include over-the-counter drugs(OTC) as
well as prescription drugs.
 People often think drugs t...
Prescription Drugs
 Require a written order or prescription from a
physician, dentist, or nurse practitioner. This
prescr...
Over-the-Counter Drugs
 „OTC drugs‟ means drugs legally allowed to sold
over the counter by pharmacist.
 Over-the-counte...
OTC Drugs Categories
Antacids
Antiemetic
Antihistamines
Cough
Medicine
Decongestant
Laxatives
Vitamins
Pain Killers
Herbal...
Commonly Used OTC
Drugs
NORFLOX-TZ
IBUPROFEN
REVITAL PARACETAMOL
I-pill
BENADRYL
6
Headache, Cold/Cough and acidity are the most common
ailments for which Patient's prefer taking an OTC drug.
0 2 4 6 8
Hea...
Interesting Facts of OTC
Drugs
 Over-the-counter drug market in India ranks eleventh in
the global OTC market and is expe...
“Over-the-counter
drug products
account for 55
percent of drugs
used by Indians.”
Prescription
Drugs
45%OTC Drugs
55%
Drug...
“SW ITICHING” Policy
of FDA
 The FDA is attempting to make more drugs available to
the general public by switching some f...
OTC Medications Are Safe
But Not Risk-Free
As with all medications, there can be risks with use.
The risks of OTC use incl...
In what way the OTC drugs
can be Harmful.
 OTC drugs can change the effect of prescription
medications.
 OTC drugs can m...
Misuse & Abuse
• Recent Survey have reported that :
i. In one survey it has been found that only 16% reads
the entire prod...
About Prescription drugs
• According to the Durham-Humphrey Amendment of
1951, drugs are controlled with prescription if t...
Antibiotics
Antidepressants
Antidiabetics
Antiepileptics
Bronchodilators
Cardiovasculars
Hormone related
drugs, etc.
Categ...
COMMONLY USED PRESCRIPTION
DRUGS
Amoxicillin
Diazepam
Furosemide Losartan
Atenolol
Imipramine
16
CONCLUSION
Overall we can conclude from different case studies
both OTC as well as Prescription drugs have equal
importanc...
REFERNCE
• Senior Series Volume 2, The Center on Rural
Elderly, University of Missouri System ,
Revised by Dr. Bella Mehta...
19
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Over the Counter drugs vs Prescription Drugs

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About the advantage and disadvantage of both with their market facts

Over the Counter drugs vs Prescription Drugs

  1. 1. OTC DRUGS AGAINST PRESCRIPTION DRUGS By- Anwar Munjewar M.Pharm (QA), Sem- I Allana College of Pharmacy
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION  Medications include over-the-counter drugs(OTC) as well as prescription drugs.  People often think drugs that do not require a doctor‟s prescription cannot be harmful.  Over-the-counter drugs also can create problems if not used in the right way or sometimes if used at the same time as prescription medications.  Because over-the-counter drugs are used so frequently and can have harmful effects, it is important to know the differences between prescription and over-the-counter drugs. 2
  3. 3. Prescription Drugs  Require a written order or prescription from a physician, dentist, or nurse practitioner. This prescription tells a pharmacist to dispense a particular medication.  Are prescribed to treat a specific medical problem.  Are usually more powerful than over-the-counter drugs. 3
  4. 4. Over-the-Counter Drugs  „OTC drugs‟ means drugs legally allowed to sold over the counter by pharmacist.  Over-the-counter (OTC) drugs are those available without a prescription.  Are intended for things patients can treat with self- care.  Are considered safe if warnings and directions are followed. 4
  5. 5. OTC Drugs Categories Antacids Antiemetic Antihistamines Cough Medicine Decongestant Laxatives Vitamins Pain Killers Herbal Products 5
  6. 6. Commonly Used OTC Drugs NORFLOX-TZ IBUPROFEN REVITAL PARACETAMOL I-pill BENADRYL 6
  7. 7. Headache, Cold/Cough and acidity are the most common ailments for which Patient's prefer taking an OTC drug. 0 2 4 6 8 Headache Acidity Cold & Cough Fever Pain No. of Patient's 7
  8. 8. Interesting Facts of OTC Drugs  Over-the-counter drug market in India ranks eleventh in the global OTC market and is expected to reach the ninth position within the next five years.  The Indian OTC market is estimated to be worth $19 billion with an annual growth rate of 23%.  An estimated 3 out of 4 people routinely self-medicate with these drug products. 8
  9. 9. “Over-the-counter drug products account for 55 percent of drugs used by Indians.” Prescription Drugs 45%OTC Drugs 55% Drugs Used by Indians MARKET ANALYSIS 9
  10. 10. “SW ITICHING” Policy of FDA  The FDA is attempting to make more drugs available to the general public by switching some frequently used and safe prescription drugs to OTC status.  More than 700 OTC products on the market today use ingredients or dosages, that were available only by prescription, less than 30 years ago. 10
  11. 11. OTC Medications Are Safe But Not Risk-Free As with all medications, there can be risks with use. The risks of OTC use include:  Delay in seeking medical advice for a serious illness.  Risk of drug-drug/herbal/dietary supplement interactions.  Risk of adverse events.  Potential for dependence, misuse and abuse. 11
  12. 12. In what way the OTC drugs can be Harmful.  OTC drugs can change the effect of prescription medications.  OTC drugs can mask symptoms of disease.  OTC drugs can lead to overdose.  If misused even common over-the-counter drugs, such as aspirin, vitamins, or cold remedies can be harmful. 12
  13. 13. Misuse & Abuse • Recent Survey have reported that : i. In one survey it has been found that only 16% reads the entire product label. ii. If they read them they do not follow the directions on the label. iii. Abuse is most common in adolescents aged 10-17 years. iv. Adolescents are 18% times more likely to dies from an OTC overdose than from a illicit drug dose overdose. 13
  14. 14. About Prescription drugs • According to the Durham-Humphrey Amendment of 1951, drugs are controlled with prescription if they are:  Habit-forming.  Not safe for self-medication.  Intended to treat ailments that require the supervisions of a health professional.  New and without an established safe track record. 14
  15. 15. Antibiotics Antidepressants Antidiabetics Antiepileptics Bronchodilators Cardiovasculars Hormone related drugs, etc. Categories of Prescription Drugs 15
  16. 16. COMMONLY USED PRESCRIPTION DRUGS Amoxicillin Diazepam Furosemide Losartan Atenolol Imipramine 16
  17. 17. CONCLUSION Overall we can conclude from different case studies both OTC as well as Prescription drugs have equal importance, both having advantages and at the same time disadvantages also. Though safety margin of prescribed drugs is more , OTC drugs can not be labelled unsafe due to there large occupancy in the market & most of the revenue is generated through OTC Drugs as comparative to prescribed drugs but prescribed drugs are under physician supervision hence there are low chances of toxicities . OTC drugs does not provide that much of safety. Hence, we can not take either of the side. 17
  18. 18. REFERNCE • Senior Series Volume 2, The Center on Rural Elderly, University of Missouri System , Revised by Dr. Bella Mehta, Pharm D (August 2007). • Pharma Knowledge Base, Empowering Knowledge of pharma proffesionals -2011(Knowledge Process Enhancer: www.kpelearnlive.com) • http://www.dolcera.com/wiki/index.php?title=Rx_to_ OTC_Switch-Market_Analysis (2010 -11) • www.nmaen.org/education/study/testprep/.../OTC.pp t 18
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