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Natural Resources


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Natural Resources

  1. 1. Natural Resources The Virginia Air & Space Center
  2. 2. What is a Natural Resource? <ul><li>Occurs in Nature </li></ul><ul><li>Is Essential or Useful to Humans </li></ul>How can I help? Oil, Coal, & Gas Wildlife, Fish, & Flora Rocks & Minerals Arable Land Metals Forest Air Water Natural Resources
  3. 3. What is the Water Cycle?
  4. 4. What is the Chesapeake Bay Watershed? <ul><li>An area of land that drains water down to the lowest point. </li></ul><ul><li>Ends in a stream, lake, wetland, or other body of water. </li></ul><ul><li>64,000 miles in area </li></ul>Map adapted from the Chesapeake Bay Program New York Pennsylvania Maryland West Virginia Virginia Delaware D.C.
  5. 5. What does the CBW look like? <ul><li>64,000 miles in area </li></ul><ul><li>1/5 the size of the Mississippi River watershed </li></ul><ul><li>27 trillion gallons of water in Bay </li></ul><ul><li>~58% currently forested land (down from 90%) </li></ul><ul><li>CBW is a small area to remove pollutants! </li></ul>Landsat image courtesy of the USGS
  6. 6. Tour of the CBW Courtesy of NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Scientific Visualization Studio
  7. 7. How much water can we drink? <ul><li>70% of Earth is covered with water </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sea water = 95.5% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Surface water 0.1% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Glacial Water = 1.8% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ground Water = 1.7% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Most of our drinking water comes from the ground! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Saline Ground Water = 0.9% </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. What natural resources are in the CBW? <ul><li>Forest </li></ul><ul><li>Farming land </li></ul><ul><li>Air </li></ul><ul><li>Rocks & Minerals </li></ul><ul><li>Wildlife </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Gas </li></ul><ul><li>WATER! </li></ul>ALL OF THEM!!!
  9. 9. What impact do people have? <ul><li>Paved surfaces = bacteria-contaminated runoff </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture = pesticide/fertilizer contamination </li></ul><ul><li>Industry/Waste treatment = water/air pollution </li></ul>Radar Image courtesy of NASA/JPL
  10. 10. How do we study the CBW? <ul><li>Dissolved oxygen </li></ul><ul><li>pH </li></ul><ul><li>Nutrients </li></ul><ul><li>Toxic Substances </li></ul><ul><li>Turbity </li></ul><ul><li>Bacteria </li></ul>
  11. 11. How do we fix pollution? <ul><li>We must reduce the pollution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce runoff, increase recharge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slow urban development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remove toxins </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conserve water! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RECYCLE! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>We must increase the removal of pollutants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Planting trees, bay grasses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use environmentally-friendly construction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support cleanup projects </li></ul></ul>