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Romanesque art

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Romanesque art

  1. 1. 2º ESO Rocío Bautista
  2. 2.  Artistic style of feudalism  11th - 12th centuries  It developed mainly in rural areas (since many cities had disappeared).  Essentially religious.
  3. 3.  1st medieval international artistic style: common characteristics throughout all Europe)  this was possible because it was spread by the Church (monasteries & pilgrimage routes).
  4. 4.  Main buildings: churches & monasteries  Characteristics: 1) Thick walls made of stone. 2) Few windows & dark interiors 3) Semicircular arches. 4) Use of different types of vaults: - Barrel vaults - Groin vaults 5) Buttresses 6) Latin cross plan, with several naves separated by arcades of semicircular arches 7) Dome or tower where the central nave & the transept cross 8) Ambulatory (only in pilgrimage churches).
  5. 5. Reinforced the walls. They prevent walls from collapsing under the weight of the ceiling.
  6. 6. Pathway behind the altar where pilgrims could walk without interrupting the mass.
  7. 7.  Sainte-Foy de Conques (France)
  8. 8.  St. Mary of Vézelay (France)
  9. 9.  Durham Cathedral (UK)
  10. 10.  Duomo and leaning tower of Pisa (Italy)
  11. 11.  Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela (Spain)
  12. 12.  Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela (Spain)
  13. 13.  Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela (Spain)
  14. 14.  Made mainly to decorate the churches  Religious topics (Christ, Virgin, saints, scenes of the Bible, sins and devilish figures…)  Didactic purpose  its function was to teach people the Christian beliefs through images, because most of the people were illiterate.  Rigid, unnatural & inexpressive figures (symbolic design).
  15. 15.  Made with stone.  “Law of the frame”  figures adapt their shape to the architectural frame.  In entrance portals & capitals.
  16. 16. DOORWAY OF THE CHURCH OF SAINT TROPHIME (ARLES, FRANCE). The tympanum depicts Christ Pantocrator surrounded by his symbolic Four Evangelists. The lintel depicts the 12 apostles.
  17. 17. Romanesque capital depicting Adam & Eve Romanesque capital depicting the punishment of sinners by demons
  18. 18. Tímpano del Cordero (San Isidoro de León) Representación del Sacrificio de Isaac por su padre Abraham
  19. 19. Tímpano del Perdón (San Isidoro de León) Representación de la crucifixión, ascensión y resurrección de Cristo ASCENSIÓN CRUICIFIXIÓN RESURRECCIÓN
  20. 20. “LA INCREDULIDAD DE SANTO TOMÁS” Machones de Santo Domingo de Silos (Burgos)
  21. 21.  Mural paintings were done using the technique of fresco.  Flat & uniform colors (no shading)  Linear painting  heavy black lines delimit the figures  Two-dimensional  little interest in representing volume of figures or depth in space (little detail in the background)  Also used to decorate manuscripts (bright colours & gold).
  22. 22. Fresco of Saint Peter on the front of the choir screen, 12th century. San Michele Maggiore, Pavia, Italy. FRESCO: technique in which colours are dissolved in water and applied to a wet plaster wall. When it dries, the painting becomes an integral part of the wall.
  23. 23. Annunciation of Mary, 12th century. (Choir of Gourdon Church, Burgundy, France).
  24. 24. Frescos de la iglesia del Sant Angelo in Formis
  25. 25. San Clemente de Tahull
  26. 26. Ermita de Maderuelo (Segovia)
  27. 27. Panteón Real de San Isidoro de León
  28. 28. Romanesque manuscripts

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