Artistic style of feudalism
11th - 12th centuries
It developed mainly in rural areas (since many cities
Europe) this was
possible because it
was spread by the
& pilgrimage routes).
Main buildings: churches & monasteries
1) Thick walls made of stone.
2) Few windows & dark interiors
3) Semicircular arches.
4) Use of different types of vaults: - Barrel vaults
- Groin vaults
6) Latin cross plan, with several naves separated by arcades of
7) Dome or tower where the central nave & the transept cross
8) Ambulatory (only in pilgrimage churches).
Reinforced the walls. They prevent walls from
collapsing under the weight of the ceiling.
Pathway behind the altar
where pilgrims could walk
without interrupting the mass.
Made mainly to decorate the churches
Religious topics (Christ, Virgin, saints,
scenes of the Bible, sins and devilish
Didactic purpose its function was to
teach people the Christian beliefs through
images, because most of the people were
Rigid, unnatural & inexpressive figures
Made with stone.
“Law of the frame” figures adapt their shape to the architectural frame.
In entrance portals & capitals.
DOORWAY OF THE CHURCH OF SAINT TROPHIME (ARLES, FRANCE).
The tympanum depicts Christ Pantocrator surrounded by his symbolic Four Evangelists.
The lintel depicts the 12 apostles.
Romanesque capital depicting
Adam & Eve
Romanesque capital depicting the
punishment of sinners by demons
Tímpano del Cordero (San Isidoro
Representación del Sacrificio de Isaac
por su padre Abraham
Tímpano del Perdón (San Isidoro de León)
Representación de la crucifixión, ascensión y resurrección de Cristo
ASCENSIÓN CRUICIFIXIÓN RESURRECCIÓN
“LA INCREDULIDAD DE SANTO TOMÁS”
Machones de Santo Domingo de Silos (Burgos)
Mural paintings were done using the technique of fresco.
Flat & uniform colors (no shading)
Linear painting heavy black lines delimit the figures
Two-dimensional little interest in representing volume of figures or depth
in space (little detail in the background)
Also used to decorate manuscripts (bright colours & gold).
Fresco of Saint Peter on the front of the choir
screen, 12th century.
San Michele Maggiore, Pavia, Italy.
FRESCO: technique in which colours are
dissolved in water and applied to a wet
plaster wall. When it dries, the painting
becomes an integral part of the wall.
Annunciation of Mary, 12th century.
(Choir of Gourdon Church, Burgundy, France).
Frescos de la iglesia del Sant Angelo in Formis