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Life in the middle ages

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Life in the middle ages

  1. 1. 2º ESO - Rocío Bautista
  2. 2. PEASANTS 90% of the population (aprox.) 2 types: Free peasants (villeins): could leave the fief; get married; own land;… very few. Serfs: couldn’t leave the fief; needed permission to get married; their children inherited their duties. Couldn’t be sold as slaves.
  3. 3. Hard life  work from dawn to dusk: Work in their fields (holdings): Basic tools: plough, hoe, sickle, scythe,…  ½ of the fields left fallow to enable them to recover (so the soil wouldn’t be overused).  Work in the lord’s fields (demesne) Pay taxes to the lord and to the church (tithe) Pay to the lord for using his facilities: mill, oven, press…
  4. 4. Large families. Father had the greatest authority. All the family worked in the field!!!  Children & elderly: easier jobs:  Carrying wood  Taking care of the animals  Men: hardest jobs:    Ploughing (arar) Harvesting/reaping (recoger la cosecha) Cutting trees  Women: helped with some jobs       Sowing (sembrar) Harvesting Domestic tasks Taking care of children Servants at the castle of the lord Washerwomen
  5. 5. NOBLES Small social group (<10%) 2 types: High nobility: Direct vassals of the kings.  Dukes, marquises, counts, barons.  Low nobility: Vassals of other nobles.  Knights. 
  6. 6. Noblemen: their education began as children:  6 years old: pages at the castle of another lord/king. Learn rules of court-life.  14 years old: squires of another knight. Accompany him to tournaments & battles, carry his shield, take care of his weapons & horse.  21 years old: become a knight (knighting ceremony or accolade).  In times of war: had to serve the king/lord with their troops.  In times of peace: attending tournaments, hunting, training for war,… The accolad e
  7. 7. In the accolade (ceremony to become a knight) the future knight promised to accomplish the code of chivalry.
  8. 8. Noblewomen: Married the man chosen by their parents. Tasks: bring up children, supervise servants, pray, needlework.
  9. 9. Noblewomen: Married the man chosen by their parents. Tasks: bring up children, supervise servants, pray, needlework.

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