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Clemson hydrogeology presentation 2010


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Sping water hydrogeology

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Clemson hydrogeology presentation 2010

  1. 1. <ul><li>Hydrogeology, Aquifer Geochemistry and Water Quality at a Potential Spring Water Source for Consumer Bottled Water, Bay Springs, S C </li></ul>
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>The Spring. </li></ul><ul><li>Location. </li></ul><ul><li>Sampling. </li></ul><ul><li>Results </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrogeology. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Spring. <ul><li>A flowing groundwater spring was investigated to determine its potential for bottled spring water. </li></ul>
  4. 4. FDA definition of &quot;spring water&quot; <ul><li>The FDA definition of &quot;spring water&quot; requires that spring water pumped from a well </li></ul><ul><li>(1) be from the same underground stratum as the spring, as shown by a measurable hydraulic connection between the borehole and the natural spring and </li></ul><ul><li>(2) have all the physical properties, and be of the same composition and quality, as the water that flows naturally through the spring. </li></ul>
  5. 5. LOCATION <ul><li>Bay Springs is located in the sandhills, southeast of Pageland, SC and southwest of Chesterfield, SC </li></ul>
  6. 6. Areal Photograph <ul><li>pond </li></ul>Hwy. S 13-329
  7. 8. Clean tan medium grained sand exposed 100 feet from spring.
  8. 9. <ul><li>Water flows from unconsolidated medium to coarse grained clean white to tan sand. With a constant flow, the spring water accumulates in small pool (about 4 x 4 feet); the water is piped into a nearby large pond. Overflow drains into a tributary of Big Black Creek that flows into the Pee Dee River </li></ul>Hydrogeology.
  9. 10. Sampling location at spring.
  10. 11. Water flowing from spring.
  11. 12. Water from spring in pond.
  12. 13. Sampling. <ul><li>Chemical characterization of spring water is a common technique applied to lend insight into the hydrogeology of springs and groundwater flow systems and to determine suitability for drinking. </li></ul>
  13. 14. Sampling <ul><li>Procedure </li></ul><ul><li>Samples for complete drinking water standards 52 containers? </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>Procedure Details </li></ul><ul><li>Fill sample containers, complete chain of custody, label and secure for shipping to laboratory. </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>Results - detailed chemical analysis show that water-quality met SC drinking-water standards, the water is very pure. Most parameter were BDL (Below Detection Limits), with only small quantities of : </li></ul>
  16. 17. Lab Results - Summary <ul><li>Al = 0.068 mg/L., Ca = 1.22 mg/L. lron = 3 mg/L. nitrate =1.01 mg/L. </li></ul><ul><li>Metals Ba = 0.29 mg/L., Na = 1.29 mg/L, Be = 0.0004 mg/L. </li></ul><ul><li>Pesticides, volatile organics, EDB and DBCP - All Below Detection Limits </li></ul><ul><li>Total Dissolved Solids = 22.0 mg/L. </li></ul><ul><li>Ph = 4.73 conductivity = 28 uhos/cm. </li></ul>
  17. 18. Economics <ul><li>Potential Depends on Bottled Water Demands </li></ul><ul><li>Enough Good water. </li></ul><ul><li>Location? </li></ul><ul><li>Permits? </li></ul>
  18. 19. Questions ? <ul><li>Thanks. </li></ul><ul><li>Don Privett </li></ul><ul><li>S.T.A.R. Environmental </li></ul>