Horse colors and Markings


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  • Tobiano CharacteristicsTobianos almost always have a 'war shield' spot of color over the chest and shoulders plus a spot on each flank; occasionally only one flank spot is seen and rarely, none. Tobianos usually but not always have facial markings like a solid horse: star, stripe, snip, etc. (Bonnet and apron faces may suggest the horse is actually a tovero.) Most tobianos have mixed white and colored manes and tails or one of the two. The spots usually have even, non-jagged edges. They're usually smoother looking than overo patterns; however, this isn't always the case. The majority--but not all--tobianos have white extending over the backboneOvero characteristics:Although the classic frame has white on its sides, many frames have white spots that spread from the belly up to the back. Ninety-nine percent of all frame overos have solid color over the backbone from the withers to the tail bone. The majority of frames have clean, jagged-edged spots that often have spots within. Facial markings on frame overos are usually like normal face markings: star, strip, snip, blaze, bald, etc., but can also have bonnet and apron faces. The edges of these markings are usually smooth like regular markings. Most frames have solid manes and tails. Occasionally one will have white in its mane where a spot crossed over the neck, but only rare individuals will have wild half and half manes like tobianos; these horses are probably sabino-frames or toveros expressing their tobiano gene.
  • Sorrel is an alternative word for one of the most common equine coat colors in horses. While the term is usually used to refer to a copper-red shade of chestnut, in some places it is used generically in place of "chestnut" to refer to any reddish horse with a same-color or lighter mane and tail, ranging from reddish-gold to a deep burgundy or chocolate shade.Sorrel or chestnut coloration can be distinguished from dun by the fact that a dun horse has a gene that causes slightly washed-out yellowish color, with a darker mane and tail than the rest of its coat, may have areas of darker color on the shoulder and forelegs, and also possesses a narrow, dark line down the middle of the back.
  • Facial markings. Top row, L-R: Blaze, Stripe, Stripe (or thin blaze) and snip, Irregular blaze, Interrupted stripe, bald face. Bottom row, L-R: Faint star, Star, Star and strip, irregular star, snip, lip marking
  • Leg markings. Top row, L-R: Stocking – extending to knee or hock , Sock or half stocking or Boot- extends part way up cannon bone, Fetlock or Sock or anklet (includes fetlock). Bottom row, L-R: Pastern white to the bottom of the Fetlock, Coronet- white around coronet, Partial Pastern
  • Ermine Marks
  • Clydesdale horse has a belly spot. It also has a blaze and three stockings
  • Bald Face, Blaze snip and lip marking, star, coronet, stockings on all four legs, sock on left and fetlock right or sock.
  • Horse colors and Markings

    1. 1. Horse Colors and Markings<br />APSC 2124<br />22 September 2010<br />Sources: The Horse 2nd edition J.W. Evans, et al; Wikipedia and Google photos<br />
    2. 2. Outline<br />Horse Colors<br />Horse Markings<br />Facial Markings<br />Leg Markings<br />Other Markings<br />View some horses in the arena/barn/fields<br />
    3. 3. Horse of a different color!<br />
    4. 4. Various Horse Colors (Are you kidding me?)<br />
    5. 5. Buckskin<br />
    6. 6. Bay<br />
    7. 7. Black<br />
    8. 8. Chestnut<br />
    9. 9. Grey<br />
    10. 10. Dapple Grey<br />
    11. 11. Red Roan<br />
    12. 12. Basic Pinto Colors<br />Tobiano<br />Overo<br />
    13. 13. Sorrell<br />
    14. 14. Horse Markings<br />Facial Markings<br /><ul><li>Leg Markings
    15. 15. Other Markings</li></li></ul><li>Facial Markings<br />TOP ROW (Left to Right)<br /><ul><li> Blaze - wide patch the width of the nasal bones
    16. 16. Stripe – narrow patch forehead to muzzle
    17. 17. Stripe and Snip or Thin Blaze
    18. 18. Irregular Blaze
    19. 19. Interrupted Stripe
    20. 20. Bald face- marking covering front and extending over the sides</li></ul>BOTTOM ROW (Left to Right)<br /><ul><li> Faint star
    21. 21. Star – white mark on forehead
    22. 22. Star and stripe
    23. 23. Irregular star
    24. 24. Snip – narrow patch over muzzle
    25. 25. Lip marking</li></li></ul><li>Leg Markings<br />TOP ROW (Left to Right)<br /><ul><li> Stocking - white from coronet to knee
    26. 26. Sock or Half Stocking or Boot- white from coronet to middle of the cannon bone
    27. 27. Fetlock or Sock or Anklet (includes fetlock)</li></ul>BOTTOM ROW (Left to Right)<br /><ul><li> Pastern - white from coronet to the pastern
    28. 28. Coronet - white strip covering coronet
    29. 29. Partial Pastern </li></li></ul><li>Leg Markings (continued)<br />Ermine marks: The occurrence of black marks on a white marking. Most often seen on leg markings just above the hoof<br />
    30. 30. Other Markings<br />Branding<br />Freeze Brand<br />Hot Brand<br /><ul><li>Bend or Spots</li></ul>Bend or Spot on a Palomino<br />Belly Spot<br />
    31. 31. Some Horse Marking Examples<br />blaze snip and lip marking<br />bald face<br />star<br />stockings<br />sock and fetlock<br />coronet<br />
    32. 32. Grading Requirement for this class<br />Every Student must submit 15 photos (hang them on the horse lab facebookpage)<br /> 5 pictures of markings<br /> 10 pictures of colors <br />Note: No more than 5 of the pictures can be from Campbell arena<br />
    33. 33. Questions/Comments?<br />