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The article features two methods or “steps” that assist in the division of the marital estate and figure alimony need and the ability to pay that alimony. The steps follow a case study that illustrates the primary factors the attorney should be considering and the knowledge and services that should be expected from a forensic accountant. Step 1, Dividing the Marital Estate, describes a method to facilitate marital estate division in an understandable manner while highlighting several common issues that typically arise during the process, such as the valuation of pensions and other retirement assets, the value and nature of separate property, documenting dissipation and factoring in the tax characteristics of assets. Step 2, Figuring Reasonable Needs and the Ability to Pay Alimony, introduces a method to calculate and justify the reasonable need for alimony (or lack thereof) and the ability to pay alimony (or lack thereof). The alimony analysis is based upon both spouses’ income, proposed child support, personal living expenses, taxes, retirement draws and future income generated from the divided assets. The analysis illustrates a simplified lifetime financial plan for all of the remaining years of each spouse’s life expectancy so the court can understand the impact of a proposed settlement on each spouse’s cash flow and the ability to accumulate wealth as the years pass.