Children of henry viii


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Basic info on Tudor monarchs after King Henry VIII

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Children of henry viii

  1. 1. The Children of Henry VIII <ul><li>The Tudor Dynasty Continues! </li></ul><ul><li>Featuring Edward VI, Mary I and Elizabeth I </li></ul>
  2. 2. Edward I <ul><li>The Boy King </li></ul><ul><li>1537-1553 </li></ul>
  3. 3. All about Eddie <ul><li>Mom--Jane Seymour </li></ul><ul><li>Dad--King Henry VIII </li></ul><ul><li>Became King in 1547 </li></ul><ul><li>at age 10 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Edward as King <ul><li>Because he was so young, his advisors were the real decision makers </li></ul><ul><li>He was a Protestant like his dad, King Henry VIII </li></ul>
  5. 5. Eddie-We hardly knew ya! <ul><li>Rumours circulated about Edward’s early death, historians accept tuberculosis as the likely cause </li></ul><ul><li>Edward dies at age 16 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Mary I <ul><li>Bloody Mary (1516-1558) wears the crown </li></ul>
  7. 7. Some things about Mary <ul><li>Mom-Katherine of Aragon </li></ul><ul><li>Dad-King Henry VIII </li></ul><ul><li>Became Queen in 1553 at age 37 </li></ul>
  8. 8. Mary as Queen <ul><li>She was a Catholic and returned the English Church to the rule of the Pope </li></ul><ul><li>Supported the execution of English Protestants </li></ul>
  9. 9. Mary checks out <ul><li>Queen Mary dies childless in 1558 at age 42 </li></ul><ul><li>Influenza was the cause of death :( </li></ul>
  10. 10. Elizabeth I <ul><li>The Virgin Queen (1533-1603) </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Mom--Anne Boleyn </li></ul><ul><li>Dad--King Henry VIII </li></ul><ul><li>Became Queen in 1558 at age 25 </li></ul>
  12. 12. Elizabeth’s Early years <ul><li>Graceful, witty and refined as a child </li></ul><ul><li>Learned to speak 4 languages fluently </li></ul>
  13. 13. Elizabeth’s main accomplishments <ul><li>Accomplishment #1 </li></ul><ul><li>Created peace between Protestants and Catholics </li></ul>
  14. 14. Policy on religion <ul><li>Elizabeth returned England to Protestantism but was able to create peace between Catholics and Anglicans by making concessions to both groups </li></ul>
  15. 15. Accomplishment #2 <ul><li>Dealing with her Catholic cousin, Mary Queen of Scots (pictured on right) </li></ul>
  16. 16. Mary Queen of scots <ul><li>Was Elizabeth’s cousin </li></ul><ul><li>Escaped to England as Protestantism became popular in Scotland </li></ul>
  17. 17. Elizabeth vs. Mary <ul><li>Elizabeth placed Mary under house arrest because she feared her cousin was planning to overthrow her </li></ul>
  18. 18. Bye Bye Cousin Mary! <ul><li>When Elizabeth learned that Mary was indeed planning to take her power, Elizabeth ordered her execution </li></ul>
  19. 19. Accomplishment #3 <ul><li>Dealing with the Spanish threat </li></ul>
  20. 20. Problems with Spain <ul><li>Elizabeth encouraged English pirates to attack Spanish ships carrying gold from the Americas </li></ul>
  21. 21. Sir Francis Drake <ul><li>Drake was the most prolific English pirate and his actions infuriated the Spanish king, Phillip II </li></ul>
  22. 22. The Spanish Invasion <ul><li>In 1588, Phillip II orders a naval attack on England with 130 ships, 8,000 sailors and 20,000 soldiers </li></ul>
  23. 23. The Battle <ul><li>English ships were smaller and more maneuverable than the Spanish ships, and they used fire ships to counterattack the Spanish </li></ul>
  24. 24. The Spanish defeated <ul><li>The English victory set the stage for England to replace Spain as the dominant world power </li></ul>
  25. 25. Accomplishment #4 <ul><li>Making England wealthy </li></ul>
  26. 26. Joint Stock Companies <ul><li>Elizabeth encouraged the formation of these investment projects to create colonies around the world </li></ul>
  27. 27. England’s Golden Age <ul><li>Elizabeth was Queen for 45 years and this period is known as the Golden Age </li></ul>
  28. 28. London takes center stage <ul><li>During Elizabeth’s reign, England prospered culturally and economically </li></ul>
  29. 29. William Shakespeare <ul><li>Shakespeare wrote his plays during the reign of Elizabeth. The theatre was the main form of entertainment for Englishmen during the Elizabethian age </li></ul>
  30. 30. The Death of Elizabeth <ul><li>Elizabeth died childless in 1603 and never took a husband. She was the last of the Tudor monarchs and one of England’s greatest monarchs </li></ul>