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What happened in Quito: An account on UN Habitat 3

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This is an account of the 3rd Un Habitat Conference in Quito and an analysis of the New Urban Agenda, made by Roberto Rocco and Ana Maria Fernandez-Maldonado (TU Delft)

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What happened in Quito: An account on UN Habitat 3

  1. 1. WHAT HAPPENED IN QUITO? Presentation by Ana Maria Fernandez-Maldonado & Roberto Rocco Delft University of Technology Department of Urbanism Chair Spatial Planning and Strategy Delft University of Technology U URBANISM SPS
  2. 2. Contents New Urban Agenda – What for? Character – By whom? – How? – What it contains? The Habitat III meeting itself The critique: - Habitat Alternativo - Resistance to Habitat
  3. 3. Disclaimer All photos contained in this presentation are taken by Roberto and Ana Maria. This presentation is based on our own experience as participants of Habitat III. Information comes mainly from: Habitat III website: https://habitat3.org Citiscope: http://citiscope.org Habitat Alternativo: https://www.flacso.edu.ec/portal/contenido/eventos/ habitat-3-alternativo.1696 The logo, colours and illustrations are official designs for Habitat III. No reproduction rights infringement was intended.
  4. 4. Download the New Urban Agenda In English Click here to download
  5. 5. Introduction Watch the movie • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=umZedR_8XH8 Main points in the movie: • By addressing urbanisation problems, we will be addressing several of the main problems faced by humanity • Implementation is the key word • Many countries have to catch up, after rapid and not sustainable urbanisation processes
  6. 6. Process
  7. 7. Who were the Habitat III major players?
 Coordination: Habitat III Secretariat • received and analyzed reports • prepared for major events • organised preparatory committees • liaised with civil society and other U. N. agencies Adapted from Citiscope, 2016
  8. 8. Who were the Habitat III major players?
 Adapted from Citiscope, 2016 Habitat III Bureau: • Chad, Chile, Czech Republic, Ecuador, France, Germany, Indonesia, Senegal, Slovakia, and Arab Emirates. PrepComs: • Indonesia, Sweden and Singapore. • Barcelona, Guadalajara, Johannesburg, Mexico City, Montréal and Tel Aviv U. N. agencies: • UN Environmental Programme (UNEP) UN Development Programme (UNDP) International Organization of Migration (IOM) General Assembly of Partners • 16 constituent groups (also post-Quito) (AESOP, Polism NGOs, other stakeholders) Universities and research centres: • U. of Pennsylvania, Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, U from Ivory Coast and Burkina Faso, UCL, HIS, U Federal de Pernambuco,.
  9. 9. Issue papers: Adapted from Citiscope, 2016 Habitat III published 22 issue papers in May 2015, authored by UN agencies and other researchers. http://unhabitat.org/issue- papers-and-policy-units/
  10. 10. Types of events https://habitat3.org/programme/
  11. 11. • The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), officially known as Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is a set of seventeen aspirational "Global Goals" with 169 targets between them, was enacted in Dec 2014.
  12. 12. A summary of the NUA • The New Urban Agenda must be forward looking, and focused on problem solving with clear means of implementation. • It should adopt a city-wide approach to development with concrete strategies and actions, introducing clear funding mechanisms and effective means of monitoring.
  13. 13. • 2 The agenda conveys a sense of urgency in the implementation of policies and actions that cannot depend on political schedules or opportunistic moments, but in clear and well-defined implementation plans.
  14. 14. • 3 The new agenda will seek to create a mutually reinforcing relationship between urbanisation and development, with the aim that they become parallel vehicles for sustainable development.
  15. 15. • 4 The New Urban Agenda should establish links to other global agreements and agendas and to be clearly connected to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
  16. 16. • 5 The vision of the New Urban agenda can be steered to induce transformative change promoting a new urbanisation model that is universal and adaptable to different national circumstances.
  17. 17. Points of discussion • Implementation and follow up • Levels of implementation (local level is crucial) • Inclusivity and sustainability are key concepts • Progressive agenda, but shaped and worded so that all UN State members could sign • Commitment from state members to implement • Need for capacity building programmes • Need for local tools and instruments
  18. 18. Points of discussion • No mention to LGBT rights • No mention to the concept of Right to the City (but articles 11 to 13 spell out the right to the city and participation is emphasised • ‘Sanitised document’ (result of consensus among very different nations) • But… progressive document that includes the social function of urban property and value capture mechanisms as a tool for local adms. • Follow up and events
  19. 19. Implementation!!!
  20. 20. Break out of sections Quito Declaration on Sustainable Cities and Human Settlements for All Shared Vision; Principles and Commitments Call for Action Quito Implementation Plan for the New Urban Agenda The Transformative Commitments for Sustainable Urban Development Effective Implementation Follow-up and Review
  21. 21. EXAMPLE PRINCIPLES EXPLAINED Focus on Urban Design and Planning Sub-National and Local Governments The Role of Participatory and “Bottom-Up” Practices Innovation, Data and Technology
  22. 22. HABITAT ALTERNATIVO A complementary and parallel event to Habitat III .”This alternative proposal is born from reflection done by local authorities, social movements, academics and specialists on urban topics. It proposes a critical take on the New Urban Agenda and it is a propositional and inclusive answer to it. It gathers different voices and visions from citizens who produce the city collectively”. To know more: follow the link: https://www.flacso.edu.ec/portal/ contenido/eventos/habitat-3-alternativo.1696 Most articles are in Spanish.
  23. 23. HABITAT ALTERNATIVO Main critiques: • not inclusive enough (no direct participation) • no mention to the right to the city • no mention to LGBT rights • does not address the causes of inequality, injustice and unbalanced development.
  24. 24. Thanks for watching For questions, please write to r.c.rocco@tudelft.nl

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