This is an improved (and abridged) version of my old presentation on VALUES FOR PLANNING, where I discuss ideas related to the main framework given to us by the Enlightenment. NOTICE that this presentation was designed in times of Trump, President Bannon, fake news and "alternative facts", so in a way, it is a response to all this.
Liberty leading the people,Eugène
is not an empty slogan
rooted in a philosophical and
the first system of government that was
manifestly based on principles of rationality
(not divine intervention)
Light emanates from
TRUTH (the central
figure), helped by
PHILOSOPHY on the
(this is the cover of
emphasised by the rightemphasised by the left
The promotion of justice
NEGATIVE RIGHTSPOSITIVE RIGHTS
the right to be free
the right to
The promotion of balance
These rights are
but are exclusive
What liberty can
you have if you are
not in society?
Here, I own a plot in
the middle of the
desert. I can build
whatever I want on
it, but what is the
value of this?
NYC to LA
SOCIAL FUNCTION OF PROPERTY
liberty can you
have when you
live in society?
Here, I can’t
build whatever I
want, but my
plot is close to
I can enjoy
A PUBLIC GOOD IS A PRODUCT THAT ONE
INDIVIDUAL CAN CONSUME WITHOUT
REDUCING ITS AVAILABILITY TO ANOTHER
INDIVIDUAL, AND FROM WHICH NO ONE IS
ECONOMISTS REFER TO PUBLIC GOODS AS
“NON-RIVALROUS" AND “NON-EXCLUDABLE."
NATIONAL DEFENCE, SEWER SYSTEMS,
PUBLIC PARKS AND OTHER BASIC SOCIETAL
GOODS CAN ALL BE CONSIDERED PUBLIC
The city of The Hague in the
Netherlands offers many
public goods to its
PROMOTION OF BALANCE
the private sectorcivil society
the public sector
PRIVATE SECTORCIVIL SOCIETY
THE RULE OF LAW
(THE PRIVATE SECTOR)
(THE PUBLIC SECTOR)
The rule of law are the formal institutions that regulate the relationships
between public sector, private sector and civil society.
Informal institutions are related to culture,
values, practices, inherited worldviews, etc that
influence the way in which formal institutions
Some informal institutions can be quite
negative, such as corruption, nepotism,
patronage. Other are very positive: values of
respect, openness, tolerance, etc
So? What is the role of
planning, and of planners in
Crick, B. 2002. Democracy: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford,
Oxford University Press.
Currie, D. 1986. Positive and Negative Constitutional Rights. The
University of Chicago Law Review, 53(3), 864-890
Dietz, T., et al. 2003. "The Struggle to Govern the Commons."
Science 302(5652): 1907-1912.
Munck, G. and J. Verkuilen 2002. "Conceptualizing and Measuring
Democracy: Evaluating Alternative Indices." Comparative Political
Studies 35(1): 5-34.
Stiglitz, J. 2000. Formal and Informal Institutions. Social Capital: A
Multifaceted Perspective. P. Dasgupta and I. Serageldin.
Washington DC, World Bank: 59-70.
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