A public company of the Government of Catalonia, linked to the
Department of Agriculture, Food and Rural Action (DAR), sub...
Human Resources
              717 workers
              Distributed in our 9 centres



  329
researchers                 ...
Resources
      €46.1 million
      Total resources in 2009



                        37.62%
                        Cont...
Projects and
 Contracts in 2009

681 current activities
     285 companies
       have signed contracts

     62 agreement...
Scientific
    Material Output
       in 2009
323 scientific articles
291 papers and posters for
conferences
49 technical ...
International
     Cooperation
• Strengthening    the organisation thanks to
    collaboration agreements
•   Training vis...
Structure of the IRTA
 10 IRTA centres + 9 associated centres make
 up the Research Cooperative.

 28 locations in Catalon...
The Centres
        Activities in Lleida
                                          Llesp




                             ...
AGRI-FOOD INDUSTRIES


                              Food Engineering
     FOOD TECHNOLOGY
                              I...
AGRI-FOOD INDUSTRIES


FOOD TECHNOLOGY



         GENERAL OBJECTIVES
         The programme is focused on answering the t...
AGRI-FOOD INDUSTRIES

                                                                                          Monells

F...
AGRI-FOOD INDUSTRIES

                                                                                            Monells
...
AGRI-FOOD INDUSTRIES

                                                                                           Monells

...
AGRI-FOOD INDUSTRIES


                                                                                Monells
PRODUCT QUA...
AGRI-FOOD INDUSTRIES


                                                                                            Monells...
AGRI-FOOD INDUSTRIES


                                                                                            Monells...
AGRI-FOOD INDUSTRIES

                                                                               Monells
FOOD SAFETY
 ...
AGRI-FOOD INDUSTRIES

                                                                                           Monells
F...
AGRI-FOOD INDUSTRIES

                                                                                         Monells
FOO...
AGRI-FOOD INDUSTRIES

                                                                                        Monells
FOOD...
AGRI-FOOD INDUSTRIES


                                                                                           Monells
...
AGRI-FOOD INDUSTRIES


                                                                                                   ...
AGRI-FOOD INDUSTRIES

                                                                                                 Mon...
ANIMAL PRODUCTION

                               Poultry Breeding
    ANIMAL GENETICS AND
       IMPROVEMENT             ...
ANIMAL PRODUCTION


ANIMAL GENETICS AND
   IMPROVEMENT


           GENERAL OBJECTIVES
           Develop and implement ma...
ANIMAL PRODUCTION


ANIMAL GENETICS AND                                                                       Mas de Bover...
ANIMAL PRODUCTION

                                                                                        Torre Marimon

...
ANIMAL PRODUCTION

                                                                                             Monells
AN...
ANIMAL PRODUCTION


ANIMAL NUTRITION, HEALTH
     AND WELFARE


             GENERAL OBJECTIVES
              Research and...
ANIMAL PRODUCTION

                                                                                                 Monell...
ANIMAL PRODUCTION

                                                                                          Torre Marimon...
ANIMAL PRODUCTION

                                                                                              Mas de Bo...
ANIMAL PRODUCTION


AQUACULTURE



       GENERAL OBJECTIVES
       Carry out strategic research in aquaculture, facilitat...
ANIMAL PRODUCTION


                                                                              Sant Carles de la Ràpita...
ANIMAL PRODUCTION


                                                                               Sant Carles de la Ràpit...
ANIMAL PRODUCTION

                                                                                        CReSA
ANIMAL HE...
PLANT PRODUCTION

                    Post-Harvest Physiology
  POST HARVEST
                    Processed Fruits and Vege...
PLANT PRODUCTION

                                                                                  Lleida
POST HARVEST
  ...
PLANT PRODUCTION

                                                                                         Lleida
POST HAR...
PLANT PRODUCTION

                                                                                            Lleida

POST...
PLANT PRODUCTION

                                                                                          Lleida

POST H...
PLANT PRODUCTION


FRUIT PRODUCTION



         GENERAL OBJECTIVES
         Contribute, develop and transfer, based on res...
PLANT PRODUCTION

                                                                                     Lleida Field Statio...
PLANT PRODUCTION

                                                                                         Mas de Bover
FR...
PLANT PRODUCTION


FIELD CROPS



       GENERAL OBJECTIVES

       The general objective is to solve current agricultural...
PLANT PRODUCTION

                                                                                            Lleida
FIELD...
PLANT PRODUCTION

                                                                                             Lleida

FIE...
PLANT PRODUCTION


SUSTAINABLE PLANT
   PROTECTION


          GENERAL OBJECTIVES
          Develop innovative techniques ...
PLANT PRODUCTION

                                                                                            Cabrils
SUST...
PLANT PRODUCTION

                                                                                             Cabrils
SUS...
PLANT PRODUCTION


SUSTAINABLE PLANT                                                                             Lleida
  ...
PLANT PRODUCTION


 GENOMICS AND
BIOTECHNOLOGY


        GENERAL OBJECTIVES
        • Research in plants genomics and in v...
PLANT PRODUCTION


 GENOMICS AND                                                                             Cabrils
BIOTE...
PLANT PRODUCTION

                                                                                         Cabrils
 GENOMI...
AGRI-FOOD ECONOMICS

                              Agri-food Markets
  AGRI-FOOD ECONOMICS
                              M...
AGRI-FOOD ECONOMICS


AGRI-FOOD ECONOMICS



           GENERAL OBJECTIVES

           Analyse socio-economic aspects rela...
AGRI-FOOD ECONOMICS


                                                                                            CREDA
AG...
AGRI-FOOD ECONOMICS


                                                                                              CREDA
...
AGRI-FOOD ECONOMICS


                                                                                              CREDA
...
AGRI-FOOD ECONOMICS


 NATURAL RESOURCE AND AGRI-                                                         CREDA
FOOD DEVEL...
AGRI-FOOD ECONOMICS


 NATURAL RESOURCE AND AGRI-                                                                 CREDA
FO...
AGRI-FOOD ECONOMICS


 NATURAL RESOURCE AND AGRI-                                                                      CRE...
ENVIRONMENT AND GLOBAL CHANGE


 INTEGRAL ORGANIC WASTE
                            Environmental Technology
      MANAGEM...
ENVIRONMENT AND GLOBAL CHANGE


INTEGRAL ORGANIC WASTE
     MANAGEMENT


            GENERAL OBJECTIVES
             Devel...
ENVIRONMENT AND GLOBAL CHANGE


INTEGRAL ORGANIC WASTE                                                                    ...
ENVIRONMENT AND GLOBAL CHANGE


INTEGRAL ORGANIC WASTE                                                                    ...
ENVIRONMENT AND GLOBAL CHANGE


INTEGRAL ORGANIC WASTE                                                                    ...
ENVIRONMENT AND GLOBAL CHANGE


AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS



          GENERAL OBJECTIVES
          Carry out research on worldwi...
ENVIRONMENT AND GLOBAL CHANGE


                                                                              Sant Carles ...
ENVIRONMENT AND GLOBAL CHANGE


                                                                                 Sant Carl...
ENVIRONMENT AND GLOBAL CHANGE


ENVIRONMENTAL
 HORTICULTURE


        GENERAL OBJECTIVES
        Consider the problem and ...
ENVIRONMENT AND GLOBAL CHANGE


ENVIRONMENTAL                                                                          Tor...
ENVIRONMENT AND GLOBAL CHANGE


ENVIRONMENTAL                                                                         Torr...
ENVIRONMENT AND GLOBAL CHANGE

                                                                                     Torre ...
ENVIRONMENT AND GLOBAL CHANGE


ECOLOGICAL PRODUCTION AND
        BIOENERGY


              GENERAL OBJECTIVES
           ...
ENVIRONMENT AND GLOBAL CHANGE

                                                                                    Sant Ca...
ENVIRONMENT AND GLOBAL CHANGE


EFFICIENT USE OF WATER



            GENERAL OBJECTIVES
             Provide information ...
ENVIRONMENT AND GLOBAL CHANGE

                                                                                        UdL...
IRTA corporate presentation
IRTA corporate presentation
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IRTA corporate presentation

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IRTA corporate presentation

  1. 1. A public company of the Government of Catalonia, linked to the Department of Agriculture, Food and Rural Action (DAR), subject to private law, created by Law 23/1985 of 28 November, subsequently modified by Law 4/2009 of 15 April.
  2. 2. Human Resources 717 workers Distributed in our 9 centres 329 researchers 47% 53% 388 men women support staff Our cooperative relies on a total of 1,147 people
  3. 3. Resources €46.1 million Total resources in 2009 37.62% Contribution from the Government of 62.38% Catalonia Own funds +€10,000,000 Invested in 2009
  4. 4. Projects and Contracts in 2009 681 current activities 285 companies have signed contracts 62 agreements with national and international organisations
  5. 5. Scientific Material Output in 2009 323 scientific articles 291 papers and posters for conferences 49 technical articles 51 books and articles in books 20 completed PhD theses 34 completed undergraduate final project dissertations 3 patents
  6. 6. International Cooperation • Strengthening the organisation thanks to collaboration agreements • Training visits • International courses and seminars • Joint research and development projects • Project assessment • Technical/commercial tasks
  7. 7. Structure of the IRTA 10 IRTA centres + 9 associated centres make up the Research Cooperative. 28 locations in Catalonia: • 9 in Barcelona • 6 in Tarragona • 9 in Lleida • 4 in Girona
  8. 8. The Centres Activities in Lleida Llesp Mas Badia Field Station Semega Monells Centa Gimenells Alcarràs Field Station Torre Marimon Fruit Centre Lleida Field Station Lleida GIRO Borges Blanques Cabrils CReSA CRAG Mollerussa CREAF Corporate Services UdL-IRTA Foundation Valls CREDA El Prat Field Station Mas de Bover Ascó Gandesa Ebre Field Station IRTA work centres California Sant Carles de la Ràpita Associated centres Panama IRTA field stations New Zealand Associated field stations Branches Collaborating farms
  9. 9. AGRI-FOOD INDUSTRIES Food Engineering FOOD TECHNOLOGY Improving Food Industry Processes New Processing Technologies in the Agri-Food Industry Carcass Quality PRODUCT QUALITY Quality of Food of Animal Origin New Preservation Technologies FOOD SAFETY Abiotic Food Safety Biotic Food Safety Ingredients and Functional Molecules FUNCTIONALITY AND NUTRITION Proteomics and Metabolomics
  10. 10. AGRI-FOOD INDUSTRIES FOOD TECHNOLOGY GENERAL OBJECTIVES The programme is focused on answering the technological and research needs of the agri-food industry. It is organised into three sub-programmes: Food Engineering, Process Improvement and New Processing Technologies. The joint effort of these three sub-programmes is necessary to accomplish the objectives of the Food Technology Programme, since a good knowledge of the market, the product and the process is essential to identify the requirements of the sector.
  11. 11. AGRI-FOOD INDUSTRIES Monells FOOD TECHNOLOGY CENTA Food Engineering OBJECTIVES Modelling the transformation processes of food. Transport operations (mass, heat and quantity of movement). Process simulation and control. Process engineering. LINES OF WORK • Drying engineering. Studies the optimisation of the traditional processes and the development of new drying systems. Optimising traditional processes aims to model mass transfer processes and transformation kinetics of foods in order to enhance their quality and energy efficiency. • New technologies engineering studies packaging, and the transformation and preservation processes of food in general. • Control systems apply to raw materials, processes and products.
  12. 12. AGRI-FOOD INDUSTRIES Monells FOOD TECHNOLOGY CENTA Improving Food Industry Processes OBJECTIVES Improvement of traditional technologies in order to enhance quality, safety and sensorial characteristics of the product or the efficiency of the process. LINES OF WORK • Food drying. Studies the changes caused to the product by the drying process (nutritional, microbiological stability, texture, sensory quality, etc.) and the interaction between the product and the technology used (traditional or innovative), optimising the selection criteria of raw materials and the variables of the drying process for each product. • Pre-cooked food. Specialist advice for companies in the sector and research companies. • Food sensory analysis and consumer studies. • Nutritional improvement. Reduction of sodium, replacement of fat, addition of probiotics, reduction of nitrifying agents, etc. • Food packaging. Interaction between packaging materials and food, shelf life, modified atmospheres, active packaging, etc.
  13. 13. AGRI-FOOD INDUSTRIES Monells FOOD TECHNOLOGY CENTA New Processing Technologies in the Agri-Food Industry OBJECTIVES Study of the application of new technologies that have not been used traditionally due to the transformation, control and conservation of food. LINES OF WORK • High pressure. Introducing the technology in food processing to increase food safety and the conservation of sensory and nutritional characteristics. • Microwaves and radiofrequency. Evaluation of this technology to replace conventional thermal treatments in different fields of the agri-food sector. • Computed tomography, nuclear magnetic resonance and spectroscopy in the near infrared region (NIR). Adaptation of food analysis technology. Incorporation of this technology in online control systems. • Development of new technologies to optimise food drying: quick dry slice (QDS), online control of product quality and energy optimisation (dynamic dryer), etc. • Adaptation of packaging to new technologies: packaging requirement study to be used in new technologies.
  14. 14. AGRI-FOOD INDUSTRIES Monells PRODUCT QUALITY GENERAL OBJECTIVES Evaluation of meat quality from a technological, nutritional, sensory and social perspective in relation to genetics, pre and post-mortem treatment of meat (pigs, cattle, sheep, rabbits, poultry) and fish. Consumer preferences. Finding out the opinion, acceptability and attitude of consumers in relation to meat and fish.
  15. 15. AGRI-FOOD INDUSTRIES Monells PRODUCT QUALITY Carcass Quality OBJECTIVES Evaluation of carcass quality from different measurements of fat thickness, muscles, lean content areas, yield grade and composition of meat when cutting, among others. Carcass classification, calibration and validation of classifying equipment using dissections and computed tomography. LINES OF WORK • Determining the effect of gender, genetics and nutrition in the quality of carcasses and cuts (length, width, fat and muscle thickness, yield grade, composition, lean percentage, etc.). • Authorisation of carcass classification equipment nationally for the EU. • Calibration of the classification equipment of carcasses and cuts. Cutting optimisation. • Evaluation of carcass composition and characterisation using dissections, semiautomatic probes and computed tomography. • Use of computed tomography to determine the composition of the live animal, the carcass and intramuscular fat.
  16. 16. AGRI-FOOD INDUSTRIES Monells PRODUCT QUALITY Quality of Food of Animal Origin OBJECTIVES Study of the technological, nutritional and sensory quality of meat and fish regarding the production system, genetics, nutrition and ante-mortem treatment, as well as acceptability of products by consumers and the sector in general. LINES OF WORK • Evaluation of meat quality from a technological, nutritional, sensory and social perspective in relation to genetics, pre and post-mortem treatment of meat (pigs, cattle, sheep, rabbits, poultry) and fish. • Consumer preferences. Finding out the opinion, acceptability and attitude of consumers in relation to meat and fish. • Research to improve and innovate native breeds of pig, cattle, etc. regarding the sustainability of the production system and how it relates to Catalonia. • End product quality regarding friendly production. • Studies related to the composition of the product in order to improve human health.
  17. 17. AGRI-FOOD INDUSTRIES Monells FOOD SAFETY CENTA GENERAL OBJECTIVES Contribute to the improvement of food safety by carrying out safe shelf life studies. Improve techniques to detect food pathogens, micro-organisms of technological interest, residues and chemical contaminants. Study in depth the microbial ecology of food and biomarkers in animal tissues. Study the effect of new processing and conservation technologies on the physiology of micro-organisms and neo-formation contaminants in food. Study in depth the knowledge of predictive microbiology to design and validate new processes.
  18. 18. AGRI-FOOD INDUSTRIES Monells FOOD SAFETY CENTA New Preservation Technologies OBJECTIVES Study microbial cellular inactivation and cellular response to stress by high hydrostatic pressure from a triple perspective: proteomics, transcriptomics and predictive microbiology. LINES OF WORK • Studies of microbial stress associated to food production and preservation processes. • Studies of high-pressure treatments (500-900 MPa) and other emerging technologies (microwaves, radiofrequencies, etc.) on the viability, sublethal injury, recovery capacity and physiology of relevant pathogens in food. • Development and validation of mathematical models that describe the inactivation of different relevant bacteria (pathogens and alterants) for ready-to-eat products.
  19. 19. AGRI-FOOD INDUSTRIES Monells FOOD SAFETY CENTA Abiotic Food Safety OBJECTIVES Study veterinary medicinal product residues and evaluate the effects of different food preservation and transformation processes on different chemical contaminants. Identify biomarkers using proteomics, metabolomics and bioinformatics. LINES OF WORK • Evaluation of chromatographic techniques and non-conventional measurement systems (ELISA, Biosensors) in order to implement residue control plans. • Studies of egg exposure biomarkers in relation to the administration of antibiotics (protein and lipid metabolism, oxidative stress). • Studies on the effects certain food preparation processes cause such as the accumulation of potentially health-threatening compounds (nitrotyrosine, acrylamide, anhydrous tetracyclines).
  20. 20. AGRI-FOOD INDUSTRIES Monells FOOD SAFETY CENTA Biotic Food Safety OBJECTIVES Incidence of pathogens and safe shelf life studies of food. It combines inoculation studies, predictive microbiology, conventional microbiology, genomics and transcriptomics to identify, trace and quantify food pathogens and micro-organisms of technological interest. LINES OF WORK • Studies on the microbial ecology in food. • Development of starter cultures, bioprotectors and/or probiotics. • Studies on shelf life and safe shelf life using challenge tests. • Quick detection and quantification of food pathogens.
  21. 21. AGRI-FOOD INDUSTRIES Monells FUNCTIONALITY AND NUTRITION GENERAL OBJECTIVES Applying ingredients and bioactive compounds (antioxidants, micronutrients, lipids, peptides, etc.) to food to improve their nutritional and technological quality. Adapting food to new social and environmental conditions and to the application of new preservation technologies. Obtaining, characterizing and evaluating the functions of bioactive compounds from raw materials and food by-products of plant and animal origin. Study proteins with technological and functional effects regarding genetics and the management of animals. Identify genes associated to proteins expressed in treatments or differential processes. Study proteins and enzymes in technological processes and the use of new technologies. Obtain profiles of metabolites in plants and animals using combined separation and spectroscopy techniques. Bioinformatic treatment of metabolic data. Identification of specific metabolites. Generation of specific profiles of lipids, phytosterols and vitamins.
  22. 22. AGRI-FOOD INDUSTRIES Monells FUNCTIONALITY AND NUTRITION Ingredients and Functional Molecules OBJECTIVES Obtaining healthier foods using ingredients and bioactive compounds that help fight against degenerative diseases, inflammatory processes and cancer. Isolation and characterisation of bioactive compounds from by-products and other alternative natural sources. Physiological activity, synergy and activation of genes. LINES OF WORK • Function and use of polyphenols, isoflavones, lipids (fatty acids, w-3, w- 6, diacylglycerides, CLA, etc.) and phytosterols in food. • Extraction, purification and characterisation of bioactive compounds in food and by-products. • Identification of oligomeric fractions of bioactive compounds. Stability of ingredients and bioactive molecules in technological processing. Use of new technologies to improve stability and function. • Evaluation of shelf life using bioactive compounds. Identification of food oxidation products (volatile agents, cholesterol oxides, TBARS, radicals, etc.) • Evaluation models of biological activity using cell cultures, in silico models and digestive process simulation.
  23. 23. AGRI-FOOD INDUSTRIES Monells FUNCTIONALITY AND NUTRITION Proteomics and Metabolomics OBJECTIVES Study the effect of genetics in gene expression/proteins associated to the technological and sensory quality of the meat and derived meat products. LINES OF WORK Differential expression of proteins in animal production treatments. Effects of medication, ingredients in animal nutrition, environmental conditions and animal management. Identification of potential proteins and genes associated to physiological processes. Proteins and enzymes associated to technological processes and new conservation technologies. Proteome of animal species and micro-organisms of interest in food production. Identification of functional peptides in food. Generation of metabolic profiles of raw food materials and products in relation to production conditions and the technological treatment of food of plant and animal origin. Use of bioinformatics to analyse the metabolome and its relation to specific metabolic routes. Pheromones associated to the sexual odour in non-castrated pigs: androsterone. Volatile compounds in food.
  24. 24. ANIMAL PRODUCTION Poultry Breeding ANIMAL GENETICS AND IMPROVEMENT Rabbit Breeding Pig Genetics and Improvement ANIMAL NUTRITION, HEALTH AND Animal Welfare WELFARE Ruminants Monogastric Nutrition Marine Environment Monitoring AQUACULTURE Aquatic Cultures ANIMAL HEALTH Animal Health
  25. 25. ANIMAL PRODUCTION ANIMAL GENETICS AND IMPROVEMENT GENERAL OBJECTIVES Develop and implement management, selection, diffusion, conservation and improvement programmes for animal genetic resources. Contribute to the known facts of the genetic base of aspects of interest in animal species. Design and apply methods to evaluate the genetics of the animals and to analyse the information using quantitative and molecular genetic tools. Develop management systems addressed to the sector in order to improve productive efficiency, competitiveness and product quality.
  26. 26. ANIMAL PRODUCTION ANIMAL GENETICS AND Mas de Bover IMPROVEMENT Poultry Breeding OBJECTIVES Conserve and characterise different breeds of native hens and other poultry species of cynegetic interest, maintain the genetic level of the stocks and lines of the conservation programme and introduce them to the poultry sector. LINES OF WORK • Collaboration programmes with institutions from other Autonomous Communities to develop conservation programmes and with companies and organisations to transfer knowledge on native poultry breeds. • Maintain and increase genetic progress in productive parameters of Catalan native hens and their introduction into production schemes of traditional poultry meat. • Application of molecular genetic techniques to the characterisation and identification of breeds and stocks of hens and other poultry species of cynegetic interest.
  27. 27. ANIMAL PRODUCTION Torre Marimon ANIMAL GENETICS AND Lleida IMPROVEMENT Prat Field Station Rabbit Breeding OBJECTIVES Creation, selection and improvement of specialised lines of meat rabbits for production, reproduction and adaptation uses. LINES OF WORK • Study the genetic determinism of productive and reproductive aspects and possible selection strategies. • Study the effect of climate stress on reproduction and survival. Determine environmental and genetic variation factors that affect tolerance levels. • Develop and apply statistical analysis models and methods to improve the genetics of prolific species. • Optimise genetic selection and diffusion programmes for meat rabbits. • Improve the efficiency of the use of males and artificial insemination procedures and establish a rabbit embryo bank with guaranteed sanitary conditions.
  28. 28. ANIMAL PRODUCTION Monells ANIMAL GENETICS AND IMPROVEMENT Lleida Pig Genetics and Improvement OBJECTIVES Research genetic statistics and structural and functional genomics in order to study aspects of economic and social interest and the genetic improvement of pigs. LINES OF WORK • Genetic evaluation and characterisation of pig populations in order to implement and/or optimise selection and diffusion programmes for genetic improvement. • Study the genetic architecture of aspects of productive interest and product quality in pigs using structural and functional genomic approaches. • Develop statistical methods that can be used for research on quantitative genetics and genomics as well as for the genetic improvement of animal populations. • Develop and maintain databases of pig populations to acquire information to be used as a reference. Carry out genetic, productive and productive genotype/system interaction studies in pig populations. • Study and implement sustainable and/or alternative pig production systems (ecological production, native breeds, etc.).
  29. 29. ANIMAL PRODUCTION ANIMAL NUTRITION, HEALTH AND WELFARE GENERAL OBJECTIVES Research and innovation in animal nutrition, welfare and health, three essential aspects for food safety and end product quality. The challenge is bringing sustainability to animal production under the new dispositions and requirements of the European Union. Therefore, research values new alternatives to growth promoter antibiotics, and generates knowledge about the conditions of animal digestive processes in situations that compromise animal welfare. The programme also aims to study how to improve animal welfare under the new conditions required by the new animal production model.
  30. 30. ANIMAL PRODUCTION Monells ANIMAL NUTRITION, HEALTH AND WELFARE Mas de Bover Animal Welfare OBJECTIVES Study the behaviour and welfare of cattle, pigs and sheep on farms, while in transport and during their slaughter. The transversality of a subject such as animal welfare allows it to be included in different research lines, such as meat and carcass quality, nutrition, genetics, rabbits, ruminants, poultry and aquaculture. LINES OF WORK • Animal welfare during slaughter. • Animal welfare during transport. • Evaluation of animal welfare in farms and at the abattoir. • Alternatives to the practice of painful processes.
  31. 31. ANIMAL PRODUCTION Torre Marimon ANIMAL NUTRITION, HEALTH SEMEGA AND WELFARE Prat Field Station Ruminants OBJECTIVES Improve profitability and competitiveness of ruminant farms using technological innovation. LINES OF WORK • Management and nutrition of dairy cattle, heifers and beef cattle. • Management and nutrition of sheep and goats. • Hormonal regulation of the metabolism of ruminants. • Improving end product quality (milk or meat). • Mathematical modelling of production processes and economic system simulations.
  32. 32. ANIMAL PRODUCTION Mas de Bover ANIMAL NUTRITION, HEALTH AND WELFARE Prat Field Station Alcarràs Field Station Monogastric Nutrition Valls Research Farm OBJECTIVES Offer solutions to all nutritional problems. Special priorities: food safety, animal health and welfare, quality and nutritional and sensory characteristics of products of animal origin, the effect of intensive production on the environment, characterisation and use of new ingredients and food systems, the development and registration of new additives in animal feeds. LINES OF WORK • Intestinal health and food safety. Alternatives to growth promoter antibiotics. Enzymes, prebiotics, probiotics, acidifiers, plant extracts, flavourings, clays. • Nutrition and the environment. Amino acids and analogues. Enzymes. • Nutrition and quality of the end product. Modification of corporal composition, modification of the lipid profile, meat and eggs. Functional food. Pigments. • New ingredients and by-products. • Liquid feed for pigs.
  33. 33. ANIMAL PRODUCTION AQUACULTURE GENERAL OBJECTIVES Carry out strategic research in aquaculture, facilitating the efficient transfer to the sector and to the administration.
  34. 34. ANIMAL PRODUCTION Sant Carles de la Ràpita AQUACULTURE Marine Environment Monitoring OBJECTIVES Marine environment monitoring of food production and safety of shellfish to reduce the risk of food poisoning caused by eating shellfish. Valuation of marine products. Design and implementation of the Quality Monitoring Programme for Water, Molluscs and Toxic Phytoplankton in shellfish production areas on the Catalan coast, including environmental parameters, microbiological markers (E. Coli), toxic phytoplankton and marine toxins, contaminants, heavy metals, organochlorines, HAPs, dioxins. LINES OF WORK • Food safety in aquaculture products. • Studies on harmful microalgae (population dynamics, taxonomy, cultures, toxinic production). • Isolation of toxins and substances that are biologically active (chromatography, LC- MS/MS, biosensors, cytotoxicity). Contaminants. • Coastal oceanography.
  35. 35. ANIMAL PRODUCTION Sant Carles de la Ràpita AQUACULTURE Aquatic Cultures OBJECTIVES Develop research on new aquatic species or processes to improve the quality and productivity of commercial species. Focus efforts on aquatic systems and species using both production and sustainability approaches. Achieve interdisciplinarity with synergies between research lines and programmes. LINES OF WORK Rearing new species for production purposes or those which are endangered. Nutritional requirements of larvae, juveniles and sub-adults in relation to fish, molluscs and crustaceans. Researching new fish feed ingredients. Physiological studies of the effects of nutrients. Live feed enrichment emulsion design. Design and formulation of microdiets for larva phases. Detection and identification of zoonotic bacterial pathogens. Study of risk factors in relation to aquatic production systems. Design and application of sanitary management programmes. Experimental infection trials. Efficiency and safety trials for sanitary products. Studies in the environmental impact of aquaculture activities. Viability studies of commercial projects. Design and adaptation of facilities.
  36. 36. ANIMAL PRODUCTION CReSA ANIMAL HEALTH OBJECTIVES Technology research and development, studies and training on all aspects of animal health. LINES OF WORK • Develop animal health research and development programmes. • Introduce scientific progress into the sector • Provide technology research and development services using approved research and development programmes. • Advise companies in the agri-food field, public administration and give support in the field of animal health. • Organise scientific and technical training programmes.
  37. 37. PLANT PRODUCTION Post-Harvest Physiology POST HARVEST Processed Fruits and Vegetables Post-Harvest Technology Pip and Stone Fruit FRUIT PRODUCTION Olive Production, Oil Processing and Nut Trees Genetic Improvement of Cereals FIELD CROPS Field Crops Agronomy SUSTAINABLE PLANT Entomology PROTECTION Plant Pathology Post-Harvest Pathology GENOMICS AND In Vitro Cultivation BIOTECHNOLOGY Genomics
  38. 38. PLANT PRODUCTION Lleida POST HARVEST UdL-IRTA Foundation GENERAL OBJECTIVES Study fruit and vegetables after gathering to improve processes and technologies that contribute to a more profitability and better product quality.
  39. 39. PLANT PRODUCTION Lleida POST HARVEST UdL-IRTA Foundation Post-Harvest Physiology OBJECTIVES Study the biochemical physiology of fruit under stress and/or during conservation. LINES OF WORK • Determination of the physiological response of fruit under stress conditions. • Control and prediction of physiopathies in fruit. • Antioxidants and health promoting compounds in fruit. • Determination of ripening and quality using non-destructive methods. • Optimisation and implementation of 1-MCP in the agricultural sector.
  40. 40. PLANT PRODUCTION Lleida POST HARVEST UdL-IRTA Foundation Processed Fruits and Vegetables OBJECTIVES Study the microbiology of minimally processed fruit and vegetables, focussing on food transmission pathogens. LINES OF WORK • Effect of field factors on the microbiological quality of processed fruits and vegetables. • Studies on the effect of pathogens. • Growth capacity of pathogen bacteria on minimally processed fruits and vegetables packaged under different conditions. • Studies on the shelf life of products. • Researching new disinfection and control methods for pathogen and altering micro- organisms that are safer for consumers and more ecofriendly.
  41. 41. PLANT PRODUCTION Lleida POST HARVEST UdL-IRTA Foundation Post-Harvest Technology OBJECTIVES Study cold storage treatments and technologies for fruit and vegetables. LINES OF WORK • Effects of conservation (cold, controlled atmosphere) and other treatments used in the post harvest period on the aromatic compounds of fruit and vegetables. • Effects of storage treatments and technologies on the texture of fruit and vegetables, modifications in cell wall composition and related enzymatic activity. • Sensory quality and consumer studies on fruit and vegetables. • Persistence of agrochemical residues on the skin and flesh of fruit and vegetables. Effects of conservation technologies on their degradation.
  42. 42. PLANT PRODUCTION FRUIT PRODUCTION GENERAL OBJECTIVES Contribute, develop and transfer, based on research, to the economically viable production, conservation and distribution of healthy fruit using sustainable methods. More specifically, the general objectives are: • Renovation and continuous improvement of the productive structure, working on the plant material from selection and/or evaluation to genetic improvement, bringing in new varieties adapted to different agro- environmental conditions and different markets. • Efficient use of production inputs. • Reducing production costs and improving productivity. • Development of models that include integrated production, conservation and distribution systems which take into account the preservation of natural resources and respecting the environment. • Obtaining excellent quality fruit products (commercial traits, organoleptic attributes and nutritional properties).
  43. 43. PLANT PRODUCTION Lleida Field Station FRUIT PRODUCTION Ebre Field Station Mas Badia Field Station Pip and Stone Fruit OBJECTIVES Study apple, pear, peach, prune and apricot species and apply the general objectives of the programme. LINES OF WORK Plant material. Includes: 1. Introduction and evaluation programme of new varieties and stocks. 2. Genetic improvement programme of new varieties of apple, pear, peach and nectarine as well as a genetic improvement programme of pear stocks. 3. Projects focused on the expansion and use of the knowledge in genetic databases relating to these species. 4. Use of molecular genetic techniques to improve the efficiency of selection processes. Crop Technology. Includes activities and projects concerning: 1. The reduction of the unproductive period. 2. Training, pruning and management systems. 3. Bioregulators to control plant growth. 4. Chemical thinning and regulation of the fruit load. 5. Replanning in varietal renewal situations. 6. Agronomic techniques to improve quality. Quality of the fruit. Includes aspects such as: 1. Determination of the best harvest time. 2. Use of products and techniques to improve the organoleptic qualities of fruit. 3. Use of products and techniques to improve fruit colour and to reduce defects. 4. Development and/or validation of non-destructive measurements of fruit quality.
  44. 44. PLANT PRODUCTION Mas de Bover FRUIT PRODUCTION Ebre Field Station Lleida Field Station Olive Production, Oil Processing and Nut Trees OBJECTIVES Study of olive, almond, hazelnut, carob, pistachio and fig species, applying the general objectives of the programme and developing models that describe improvements related to post harvest, transformation, elaboration, nutritional value and quality of food (olive oil, nuts and carob gum). LINES OF WORK Plant material. 1. Introduction, improvement and evaluation of new varieties and stocks, prospecting, clonal and stock selections. 2. Expanding and preserving genetic resources. 3. Monumental olive trees. 4. High-density olive tree plantations. 5. Reproduction physiology. 6. Propagation. Crop Technology.1. Densities, management of intensive and high-density plantations. 2. Mechanised harvesting and pruning. 3. Deficit irrigation. Post harvest technology, nut industrialisation and olive oil production: 1. Processes and new technologies for oil extraction. 2. Post-harvest conditioning techniques of nuts. 3. Classification and stocking nuts and olives for oil. 4. Industrial capabilities of nut varieties. Fruit Quality. 1. Optimum harvest time. 2. Chemical characterisation and rheology of products. 3. Organoleptic qualities. 4. Volatile phenols and other markers for aromatic defects in olive oils. 5. Olive leaf sesquiterpenes to attract the olive fly. 6. Characteristics of volatile compounds in olive tree varieties. 7. Functional molecules.
  45. 45. PLANT PRODUCTION FIELD CROPS GENERAL OBJECTIVES The general objective is to solve current agricultural challenges via the development, evaluation and introduction of improved plant material, to generate scientific knowledge in the field of field crops and to optimise cultivation techniques, paying attention to the required reduction of costs and environmental effects. The programme is divided into two sub-programmes: Winter Cereal Genetic Improvement and Field Crop Agronomy.
  46. 46. PLANT PRODUCTION Lleida FIELD CROPS Mas Badia Field Station Winter Cereal Genetic Improvement OBJECTIVES Obtain and introduce into the sector new genetic materials for autogamous cereal fertilisation adapted to the Mediterranean with high productivity and quality and lasting disease resistance. Generate scientific knowledge in fields related to the genetic improvement of cereal and its adaptation to changing environmental conditions. LINES OF WORK Genetic improvement programmes for bread wheat, durum wheat and barley. Drought tolerance: physiological and molecular bases, tolerant ideotypes, terminal stress, effects of drought on growth and development. Genetic resources and variability: evaluation, characterisation, documentation and multiplication of genetic resources, use of genetic resources in the improvement, creation of collections, phylogenetic relations, molecular biodiversity and ex situ conservation. Pre-breeding. Phenological adaptation: phenological development in different environments, molecular bases of the photoperiodic response, intrinsic vernalisation and precocity. Selection improvement tools: identification and evaluation of useful integrated criteria to detect superior genotypes in breeding programmes. Assisted selection for molecular markers. Historic impact of genetic improvement: Time and space effects of empiric wheat improvement in the Mediterranean. Industrial grain quality: environmental effect on quality. Quality genetics.
  47. 47. PLANT PRODUCTION Lleida FIELD CROPS Ebre Field Station Mas Badia Field Station Field Crops Agronomy OBJECTIVES Determine productive, qualitative and sanitary behaviour of plant material of different species from different environmental origins. Optimise the management of field crops in the main Catalan agro-ecosystems via the efficiency improvement of the use of resources and the minimisation of environmental impact. Establish a high agreement level with the sector and advise farmers and technicians to improve the sustainability of their field crops. LINES OF WORK • Varietal evaluation networks for winter cereals, maize, rice, proteaginous plants, energy and industrial crops and fodder crops. Coordination of the trials network of GENVCE (Spanish Group for the Evaluation of New Field Crop Varieties in Spain). • Optimisation of organic and mineral fertilisation: crop response to fertilisers, monitoring nutrients in the soil and crops, use and study of the dynamics of animal excrement and other fertilising materials, mineralisation and leaching of nitrogen. • Evaluation of cultivation techniques: plant response to water supply variations, nitrogen and other fertiliser components, improvement of crop establishment, environmental evaluation of agricultural techniques in different species.
  48. 48. PLANT PRODUCTION SUSTAINABLE PLANT PROTECTION GENERAL OBJECTIVES Develop innovative techniques to protect crops from diseases, pests and abiotic agents that reduce their yield and the quality of agricultural and forest products, prioritising biological, physical, low-risk chemical and cultural methods before conventional methods of pesticide use, from the initial nursery phase up to production, post harvest and storage.
  49. 49. PLANT PRODUCTION Cabrils SUSTAINABLE PLANT Mas Badia PROTECTION Field Station UdL-IRTA Foundation Entomology Ebre Field Station OBJECTIVES Develop and implement sustainable pest control systems based on the ecology and management of agro-ecosystems, focusing on the conservation of biodiversity and biological control. Production of IPM programmes that can be used by end users in intensive and field crops, fruit trees, citrus trees and food storage. LINES OF WORK • Develop biological control methods based on the study of the biology and ecology of natural enemies and pests: 1. Large-scale breeding of natural enemies. 2. Sampling and decision- making methods, use of geostatistical techniques. 3. Semiochemicals and arthropod attractant or repellent substances. 4. New molecular and chemical techniques to study trophic networks in the agro-ecosystem. 5. Functional biodiversity, study of the dispersion and colonisation of natural enemies (reservoir plants). 6. Modified atmospheres and other alternatives to the use of pesticide treatments on stored food. • Identification, prevention and control of emergent and invasive pests. • Introduce to the sector innovative tools developed for the sustainable control of arthropod pests in all fields of action.
  50. 50. PLANT PRODUCTION Cabrils SUSTAINABLE PLANT PROTECTION Lleida Field Station Mas Badia Plant Pathology Field Station OBJECTIVES Develop ecofriendly production and crop protection systems that favour natural regulation mechanisms for pathogen populations in order to prevent the loss of plant resistance or the appearance of resistance to phytosanitary agents and to promote the development of the soil's natural microbiota to achieve production system sustainability. LINES OF WORK • Viruses. Epidemiology and host/pathogen interaction. Biological and molecular characterisation of allied viruses. Resistances. Genetic silencing as a control strategy. • Phytoplasms. Epidemiology and identification of insect vectors and host plants. Biological and cultural control strategies of insect vectors, resistance-inducing substances and phytoplasma- free plants. Diagnostic techniques. • Nematodes. Multiple control barriers based on the use of plant resistance, biological control and the interruption of the life cycle of the pathogen. Native biological control organisms. • Woody plant pathogen fungi. Biology of the fungi involved in grape vine wood diseases and effects of biotic and abiotic factors on infectivity. Chemical control and cultural techniques. • Edible fungal symbionts associated to forest trees. Controlled mycorrhisation. Characterisation and traceability of fungi and of controlled mycorrhisation in the field, etc.
  51. 51. PLANT PRODUCTION SUSTAINABLE PLANT Lleida PROTECTION Post-Harvest Pathology OBJECTIVES Study in depth the known facts about fruit pathologies (especially pip and stone fruit, citrus and grapes) that affect post harvest and develop consumer and ecofriendly control strategies. LINES OF WORK • Develop agents for the biological control of diseases and other micro-organisms of industrial interest. Domestication of micro-organisms (includes production, formulation and improvement). • Evaluate spoilage control physicochemical systems. • Study host/pathogen/environment interactions in order to establish control actions that are more ecofriendly. Develop disease prediction models.
  52. 52. PLANT PRODUCTION GENOMICS AND BIOTECHNOLOGY GENERAL OBJECTIVES • Research in plants genomics and in vitro cultivation of horticultural and fruit- growing species: • Use of molecular markers for varietal identification and marker-assisted selection of horticultural, fruit-growing and ornamental species. • Fruit-growing and horticultural genomics. • In vitro cultivation techniques to obtain diplo-haploid lines in horticultural and ornamental species. • Genetic transformation of rice, tobacco, melon, tomato, pepper and grapevines. • Genetic improvement of ornamental species. • Technology transfer to the private sector.
  53. 53. PLANT PRODUCTION GENOMICS AND Cabrils BIOTECHNOLOGY In Vitro Cultivation OBJECTIVES Use of in vitro cultivation techniques to facilitate and complement genetic improvement. LINES OF WORK • Micropropagation in Pyrusspp, Prunus spp. and Malus spp. as well as in recalcitrant species such as walnut and pistachio. Embryo rescue. • Rescue of immature parthenogenetic embryos used for the production of haploids of carnation, melon, cucumber, watermelon and courgette, and to produce individuals from crossing between early varieties of peach and nectarine. • Generation of double haploid and polyploid lines. Production of double haploid lines for pepper, aubergine, melon, cucumber, watermelon, courgette and carnations, used to accelerate the acquisition of new hybrid varieties. Generation of tetraploids in ornamental species, melon and watermelon. • Genetic transformation. Fine tuning genetic transformation methods for rice, grapevines, melon, tomato, tobacco and pepper. • Coexistence and genetic flux. Prediction of GMO content in coexisting rice and maize fields.
  54. 54. PLANT PRODUCTION Cabrils GENOMICS AND BIOTECHNOLOGY CRAG Genomics OBJECTIVES Activities concentrate on three crops: Prunus, strawberry and melon. Additionally, the programme has a genetic improvement line for geraniums and joint research units with private companies. LINES OF WORK • Melon genomics. Sequencing the melon genome. Characterisation of QTLs for fruit quality traits. Transcriptomic study of fruit development. Characterisation of CMV resistance. Obtaining a vector for virus induced genetic silencing (VIGS). • Prunus genomics. Prunus genetic mapping and QTLs analysis for traits of agronomical interest. Genetic variability and associated genetic studies. Comparative genomics between species of the Rosacea family. • Strawberry genomics. Genetic mapping of diploid and octoploid strawberry plants. NILs for the study of QTLs. Synteny studies between strawberry and other Rosacea species. • Geranium genetic improvement. Collaboration with Cultius Roig S.A.T, obtaining new geranium varieties: ‘zonale’, ‘peltatum’ and ‘grandiflorum’. • Fitó-IRTA Joint Unit. Collaboration with Semillas Fitó S.A., development of molecular markers, identification of varieties and production of double haploid lines (DHLs). • PLANASA-IRTA Joint Unit. Collaboration with PLANASA, genetic improvement of fruit quality and selection of new pathogen-resistant varieties of strawberry, fruit trees, asparagus and garlic.
  55. 55. AGRI-FOOD ECONOMICS Agri-food Markets AGRI-FOOD ECONOMICS Micro-Economic Analysis of the Agri- Food Sector Agri-food Economy Information Systems NATURAL RESOURCE AND AGRI- Natural Resource Economics FOOD DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS Sustainable Development
  56. 56. AGRI-FOOD ECONOMICS AGRI-FOOD ECONOMICS GENERAL OBJECTIVES Analyse socio-economic aspects related to the production, transformation, distribution and consumption of food. Help improve understanding of the main determining factors of decisions related to the production and investment of agricultural producers. Study the potential economic impact of agricultural policies on a micro and macro level. Characterise and understand food consumer behaviour better.
  57. 57. AGRI-FOOD ECONOMICS CREDA AGRI-FOOD ECONOMICS Agri-Food Markets OBJECTIVES Study the functions of agri-food markets functioning from their internal structure as well as from the consequences of changes in external factors (raw material prices, political decisions, commercial liberalisation agreements, etc.). LINES OF WORK • Impact of agricultural policies on decisions about production, investment, land distribution, farmers' income and the use of inputs. • Analysis of price transmission processes in the commercial chain as well as between highly separated markets. • Competitively analysis: Foreign trade, agri-food industry, trade liberalisation impact, product and/or brand positioning, business strategies, etc.
  58. 58. AGRI-FOOD ECONOMICS CREDA AGRI-FOOD ECONOMICS Micro-Economic Analysis of the Agri-Food Sector OBJECTIVES Analyse the determining factors and consequences of production and consumption decisions made by agents in the economy (producers, industry, and consumers). LINES OF WORK • Production decisions: factors that determine the adoption of innovations, productive efficiency studies, investment decisions, inputs demand, production decisions in an uncertain environment, risk analysis, etc. • Demand analysis: calculation of elasticities, impact of information on food safety, impact of information on health, elaboration of diet quality indexes, impact of price policies to reduce obesity, food habits. • Consumer behaviour: Marketing research, consumers, distributors, focus groups, knowledge relation, attitudes, purchase of different food, new study methodologies, selection experiments and experimental auctions.
  59. 59. AGRI-FOOD ECONOMICS CREDA AGRI-FOOD ECONOMICS Agri-food Economy Information Systems OBJECTIVES Attempt to establish data-gathering systems to make it available to agents that take part in the agri-food system. LINES OF WORK • Micro and macro analysis of sectors: sector surveys, prospective studies, etc. • Benchmarking: creation of benchmark sector markers in relation to exploitation in order to make decisions.
  60. 60. AGRI-FOOD ECONOMICS NATURAL RESOURCE AND AGRI- CREDA FOOD DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS GENERAL OBJECTIVES Valuation of the economic impact of the environmental consequences of agricultural and food activities. Analysis of the economic impact of measures taken to improve the sustainability of the agri-food system.
  61. 61. AGRI-FOOD ECONOMICS NATURAL RESOURCE AND AGRI- CREDA FOOD DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS Natural Resource Economics OBJECTIVES Carry out research on the economic and environmental impact of projects: economic assessment of positive, negative and valuation externalities of non-market goods. LINES OF WORK • Studies on the willingness to pay for environmental quality improvement. Agricultural multifunctionality. Introduction of biofuels and their economic impact. Adoption of ecofriendly technologies. Evaluation of the impact of environmental policies.
  62. 62. AGRI-FOOD ECONOMICS NATURAL RESOURCE AND AGRI- CREDA FOOD DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS Sustainable Development OBJECTIVES Agriculture for development, consequences of trade liberalisation for developing countries, impact of new technologies in developed and developing countries, fair trade, etc. LINES OF WORK • Impact of new technologies on rural communities in developing countries. Evaluation of the economic impact of trade policies, with special emphasis on rural development. Impact of different commercialisation strategies on the financial margins of farmers in developing countries.
  63. 63. ENVIRONMENT AND GLOBAL CHANGE INTEGRAL ORGANIC WASTE Environmental Technology MANAGEMENT Agricultural Characterisation and Assessment Management, Planning and Decision Making Tools Biodiversity AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS Global Change ENVIRONMENTAL Ecophysiology HORTICULTURE Biosystems Engineering and Agronomy Agrosilviculture ECOLOGICAL PRODUCTION AND Ecological Production and Bioenergy BIOENERGY Efficient Use of Water EFFICIENT USE OF WATER
  64. 64. ENVIRONMENT AND GLOBAL CHANGE INTEGRAL ORGANIC WASTE MANAGEMENT GENERAL OBJECTIVES Develop new knowledge and technologies in the field of sustainable organic waste management produced by different activity sectors (agricultural, farming, industry and urban waste), bringing in an integrated and comprehensive focus of the problem, and technological and management solutions.
  65. 65. ENVIRONMENT AND GLOBAL CHANGE INTEGRAL ORGANIC WASTE GIRO-CT MANAGEMENT Environmental Technologies OBJECTIVES Study and develop the transformation of organic waste in liquid, solid or gas form. LINES OF WORK • Composting. New applications. Markers to compare systems. Biofiltration and process control methods. Hygiene and safety conditions in composting plants and relation with incoming materials and process control. Mathematical process modelling. • Anaerobic digestion. Tools for the quick diagnosis of digesters and digestible waste. Models to integrate knowledge, simulation, diagnosis and optimisation. Simple calibration models for diagnosis and optimisation. Pre-treatments to increase biodegradability. Toxic effect reduction methods. Biological production of hydrogen. Application of advanced reactors to treat organic waste. • Process innovation. Microbiological aspects and development of diagnosis tools. Population dynamics in biological reactors. Processes to eliminate or recover nutrients. Bioelectricity. Bioremediation of soil and aquifer contaminants. Combined treatment systems. Combinations of biological, physical and chemical processes based on the resulting products. Evaluation methods for combined management and treatment systems.
  66. 66. ENVIRONMENT AND GLOBAL CHANGE INTEGRAL ORGANIC WASTE GIRO-CT MANAGEMENT Agricultural Characterisation and Assessment OBJECTIVES Develop and apply characterisation methods for residual organic materials and study the agricultural valuation of organic by-products, whether from a productive or a transformation process. LINES OF WORK • Development of new methods to determine the chemical oxygen demand (COD) in solid and heterogeneous samples. • Development of quick analysis and diagnosis methods. • Characterisation of organic by-products and their dynamics in cultivated soils. • Development of chemical and physicochemical analysis methods to characterise organic by- products that can be used as fertilisers. • Development of laboratory methods for the quick characterisation of organic by-product dynamics applicable to cultivated soils. • Optimisation of methods to characterise, in field conditions, the dynamics of the used by- products.
  67. 67. ENVIRONMENT AND GLOBAL CHANGE INTEGRAL ORGANIC WASTE GIRO-CT MANAGEMENT Management, Planning and Decision Making Tools OBJECTIVES Study of organic waste management methods and the development of evaluation methods for management and treatment alternatives. LINES OF WORK • Develop methods for decision-making in the lines of work to be followed in specific geographic areas to define management and action plans. • Develop decision-making methods for the best technology to use according to the problem to be solved. • Analyse costs and benefits for activities that produce and use organic waste. Use of life cycle analysis tools.
  68. 68. ENVIRONMENT AND GLOBAL CHANGE AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS GENERAL OBJECTIVES Carry out research on worldwide changes made to continental and coastal aquatic ecosystems and integrate the data resulting from observations, experiments and models in order to improve the predictive capacity of its future evolution. Use the acquired knowledge to propose necessary management measures to mitigate the negative effects of global change on biodiversity. Carry out research on the connection between fluvial, deltaic (estuaries) and marine processes, especially in the context of the final stretch of the river Ebro and its delta: • Water flows and pulses, sediments, nutrients and contaminants. • Structure and dynamics of habitats and populations. • Impact of climate change. • Modelling ecosystems and management models.
  69. 69. ENVIRONMENT AND GLOBAL CHANGE Sant Carles de la Ràpita AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS Biodiversity OBJECTIVES Analyse the structure and dynamics of aquatic species as well as of their conservation status and the measures to improve them from the perspective of worldwide change. LINES OF WORK • Ecological status markers of water masses. • Ecology of fish and invertebrates. • Invading species in aquatic ecosystems. • Sustainable fishing management. • Pest control (black fly, zebra mussel, etc.). • Biology of the conservation of endangered species. • Management and restoration of wetlands.
  70. 70. ENVIRONMENT AND GLOBAL CHANGE Sant Carles de la Ràpita AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS Global Change OBJECTIVES Analyse of the causes and consequences of global change on aquatic ecosystems from the perspective of hydrographic basins in the Mediterranean. LINES OF WORK • Impact of climate change on deltas. • Alterations of the water flows, sediments and contaminants in river basins. • Effects of global change on trophic networks. • Eutrophication of rivers, coastal lakes and bays. • Microalgae as global change markers. • Production of biofuel from microalgae. • Management of sediment in rivers and reservoirs.
  71. 71. ENVIRONMENT AND GLOBAL CHANGE ENVIRONMENTAL HORTICULTURE GENERAL OBJECTIVES Consider the problem and the solution as part of the scenario, since both are part of a complicated biodiversity network and changes affect the whole system to a larger or lesser extent. Effects of global change on agriculture. Productive traceability: effects of production systems on product quality and environmental respect.
  72. 72. ENVIRONMENT AND GLOBAL CHANGE ENVIRONMENTAL Torre Marimon HORTICULTURE CREAF Ecophysiology OBJECTIVES Discover the responses of neoformed, cultivated, native and foreign plants to different environmental abiotic and biotic stresses and their time and space combination (global change) in the Mediterranean habitat. LINES OF WORK • Characterisation of plant material under stress conditions in horticulture, gardening and landscape restoration. Synergy of stresses. Hydraulic compatibility. Biomass allocation. • Study on the effects of global change on the landscape, with special emphasis on the agriculture. Climate/crop/factor relation. Intra and interspecific competence factors. Outlet and/or flow regulation functions. • Study on the effects of environmental contaminants on urban and/or peri-urban, natural or garden plants. Use of recycled and phreatic water. Minimum irrigation technique. Tensioactive and other biotic or abiotic contaminants. • Stress diagnosis techniques in horticultural plants. Uses in agronomy. • Woody species nursery. Hardening and productivity maintenance methods.
  73. 73. ENVIRONMENT AND GLOBAL CHANGE ENVIRONMENTAL Torre Marimon HORTICULTURE Biosystems Engineering and Agronomy OBJECTIVES Study methods and systems that optimise horticultural crop productivity in Mediterranean conditions: biophysics, agronomy and life cycle analysis. LINES OF WORK • Natural ventilation of greenhouses, temperature control techniques and design of mechanisms. Visualisation of fluids in scale models. Calculation of the ventilation rate. Direct measures for air renovation. Use of CO2. Cooling by water evaporation. Calculation of cooling caused by crop transpiration. Greenhouse light transmission and more transparent covering materials. • Study non-soil cultivation techniques in intensive Mediterranean systems, optimisation of the efficient use of water and nutrients in intensive agrosystems. Automated fertirrigation management and improving root system functionalism. Root system oxygenation. Recirculation of nutrient solutions. Physical and chemical sensors to optimise fertirrigation in intensive crops. • Horticultural crops on natural soil. Agronomic techniques and systems. Valuation of substrata and by-products. Native soil substrata production methods. • Composting. Effects as a nutrient and biostimulant. Life cycle analysis and environmental evaluation of the impact of horticultural and agricultural activity.
  74. 74. ENVIRONMENT AND GLOBAL CHANGE Torre Marimon ENVIRONMENTAL HORTICULTURE Agrosilviculture OBJECTIVES Develop forest base material for its productive adaptation to different ecologies. Quality wood production and restoration of agroforest environments. LINES OF WORK • Characterisation and validation of forest materials according to their use in afforestation and reforestation of agricultural land. Effects of origin (genotypic and phenotypic factors). • Agronomy and silviculture of agroforest plantations. Effects on the product (fruit/wood), crop rotation and potential environmental functions. • Productive evaluation of forest plantations under intensive management. Effects on wood quality.
  75. 75. ENVIRONMENT AND GLOBAL CHANGE ECOLOGICAL PRODUCTION AND BIOENERGY GENERAL OBJECTIVES Improve production, transformation and commercialisation systems of agrarian products using sustainable and ecofriendly methods, especially those that are set out in European regulations on ecological production. Improve the production processes of raw materials and their valuation for energy use, as well as develop new transformation methods and improve the efficiency of transformation.
  76. 76. ENVIRONMENT AND GLOBAL CHANGE Sant Carles de la Ràpita ECOLOGICAL PRODUCTION AND Field Station BIOENERGY Mas Badia CREAF GIRO-CT Ecological Production and Bioenergy Lleida LINES OF WORK in ecological production: Field Station • Improve plant production systems without using chemically Lleida synthesised fertilisers or pesticides. • Improve ecological products of animal origin from non-intensive Torre Marimon stockbreeding, with a high level of animal welfare and ecological feed. • Improve transformation processes using new techniques that minimise contamination and quality losses, limiting the use of additives and technological additives. • Market analysis of ecological products, evaluating their position in the market and their acceptation by the consumer. LINES OF WORK in bioenergy: • Evaluation and valuation of raw materials and by-products for energy use. (biomass, biofuels, methane, etc.). • Development and optimisation of new energy transformation processes.
  77. 77. ENVIRONMENT AND GLOBAL CHANGE EFFICIENT USE OF WATER GENERAL OBJECTIVES Provide information and new knowledge that are useful to improve water management, specifically in relation to irrigation.
  78. 78. ENVIRONMENT AND GLOBAL CHANGE UdL-IRTA Foundation EFFICIENT USE OF WATER Mas Badia Field Station Lleida Field Station Efficient Use of Water LINES OF WORK • Efficient use of water. Determination of the water requirements of crops and irrigation programming methods. Improving irrigation efficiency. Water production functions. Irrigation economics. Irrigation water quality. • Water management in deficit conditions. Physiology of water deficits in plants. Seasonal sensitivity to water deficits. Mitigation of water deficits. Process modelling. • Irrigation engineering. Sensor system to respond to water deficits. Environmental sensor system. Sensor-based irrigation programming. Communication systems. Data management. • Mineral and irrigation nutrition. Nutrient requirements of plants. Nutrient use strategies. Fertirrigation, seasonal sensitivity. Mineral nutrition and production quality. • Regional scale irrigation control. Water condition zone analysis based on teledetection. Irrigation management in irrigated communities. Models in the use of water in changing climate scenarios.

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