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Video Production: Composition Lecture

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Achieving Good Composition
What are some things that
make up Good Composition?
 Obeying the “rule of thirds”
 Single Point of Focus / Selective Focus
 Avoiding Tonal Mergers, Dimensional
  Mergers, and Border Mergers
 Proper Amount of Nose Room
 Shot Composition in a Minute:
     http://vimeo.com/1461280
Composition Evaluation
 The Beach: http://vimeo.com/10363683
 Formal Composition: The Beginning of
  The Royal Tenenbaums
 5 Dollar Cover Seattle: The Beast
 What concepts from good composition
  do you see examples of in this video?
Photography vs. Video
   What are the differences in the ways
    that we should approach shooting video
    vs. shooting a photograph?
     In many ways we should treat them the
      same in terms of a center of focus
     Video is a dynamic composition
     Choose a center of interest for a shot and
      hold on it – this is especially important when
      you are shooting handheld footage
     Nathaniel & Angie
Demonstration of Elements of a
static composition
   We are now going to demonstrate the different
    things that we should strive for in achieving
    good composition
   Shot demonstration – We want to demonstrate
    the following:
       Focal Length
       Distance between camera and subject
       Center of Interest
       “Rule” of Thirds
       Nose Room and Head Room
       Avoiding Mergers
       High and Low angles
       Balance
Balance and Depth in Comp
 Shallow Depth vs. Deep Focus
 Shallow Depth of Field
     Controlled by a Variety of Factors
     Allows us to draw attention to a detail
   Beginning part of Citizen Kane
     Innovative use of Deep Focus made
      possible by faster lenses
     Use of characters and objects to balance
      composition

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Video Production: Composition Lecture

  • 2. What are some things that make up Good Composition?  Obeying the “rule of thirds”  Single Point of Focus / Selective Focus  Avoiding Tonal Mergers, Dimensional Mergers, and Border Mergers  Proper Amount of Nose Room  Shot Composition in a Minute:  http://vimeo.com/1461280
  • 3. Composition Evaluation  The Beach: http://vimeo.com/10363683  Formal Composition: The Beginning of The Royal Tenenbaums  5 Dollar Cover Seattle: The Beast  What concepts from good composition do you see examples of in this video?
  • 4. Photography vs. Video  What are the differences in the ways that we should approach shooting video vs. shooting a photograph?  In many ways we should treat them the same in terms of a center of focus  Video is a dynamic composition  Choose a center of interest for a shot and hold on it – this is especially important when you are shooting handheld footage  Nathaniel & Angie
  • 5. Demonstration of Elements of a static composition  We are now going to demonstrate the different things that we should strive for in achieving good composition  Shot demonstration – We want to demonstrate the following:  Focal Length  Distance between camera and subject  Center of Interest  “Rule” of Thirds  Nose Room and Head Room  Avoiding Mergers  High and Low angles  Balance
  • 6. Balance and Depth in Comp  Shallow Depth vs. Deep Focus  Shallow Depth of Field  Controlled by a Variety of Factors  Allows us to draw attention to a detail  Beginning part of Citizen Kane  Innovative use of Deep Focus made possible by faster lenses  Use of characters and objects to balance composition
  • 7. Camera Shots  From Millerson and Owen “Video Production Handbook”  ELS (Extreme Long Shot) – shows significant space above and/or below the subject  LS or WS (Long Shot or Wide Shot) – features the entire person in the frame  MS (Medium Shot) – cuts the body just below or above the waist  CU (Close-up) – Just above the head to the upper chest  ECU (Extreme Close Up) – Detail shot for part of the body
  • 8. Composing Your Shot  Drew Keller on Composing Shots
  • 9. Dynamic Composition  Often times you will want to make your scene more dynamic and therefore you will move the camera around  Demonstration of dynamic movements  Pan  Tilt  Zoom  Track  Dolly  Holding beginnings and ending  Rack Focus  Leading the subject
  • 10. Handheld Techniques  Occasionally, you may choose to use handheld techniques to bring realism and movement to your project.  You want to make sure that you have a good stabilization system before you shoot the video  Try to put your body into position so that you can steadily hold the camera
  • 11. Handheld Examples  Beginning of Children of Men  “Intergalactic” from Awesome…. I shot that
  • 12. Capturing B-Roll  The purpose of B-Roll  What B-Roll you Grab  Videomaker: Capturing B-Roll
  • 13. Exercise  Composition Scavenger Hunt  Shoot, Edit, and Turn in today.  Projects will be screened at the beginning of class next week