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Lighting and Interviews
Why should we light ourproductions? Lighting will make our work look moreprofessional Whether we realize it or not, all Hollywoodfilms are employing some kind of lightingtechnique to produce their image Poor lighting is the bane of most low-budgetmovies. We tend to think that all we need isa camera and a story, but in reality, we needa well exposed image Poor Lighting Example: YouTubeInterview
Uses of Lighting We can use lights to properly exposeand image or draw particular attention toa part of an image Oftentimes, however, we may not beable to use lights because of theirsize, cost, or availability We should be aware however, of ways thatwe can use natural light in an environmentto get good quality interview footage
Types of Lighting The Difference between Soft and HardLight Soft Light: KEXP In Studio Hard Light: Midnight Solo Watch clips from colewebley.com Which of the videos use soft lighting, andwhich use hard lighting? What types of things can we use tomake our lighting softer?
Lighting Search Visit www.vimeo.com Browse through channels or othervideos and find an example of: Good Lighting Bad Lighting What types of lighting do you think theyused to achieve this effect?
Lighting and Color Temperature In film lighting there are two maincolor temperatures 5,600K is known as Daylight. To theeye this type of light has more of abluish tint 3,200K is know as Indoor or Tungstenlighting, this is most of the lightingthat you will see from a lamp. Thishas more of an orange Tint White Balance tells your camerawhat type of lighting you are usingin the given situation The problem comes when you aretrying to use two different colortemperatures for lighting.
Lighting Safety From Artis “The Shut Up and ShootDocumentary Guide” Use gloves to handle lights – lights can gethot Use sandbags to steady lights Stay clear of flammables Be careful when moving hot lights
Lighting Demonstration Set up a light kit Set up a camera and have someone sitdown in front of the camera Talk about the components of 3-pointlighting Key Light Fill light Hair light or Background light Talk about the different tools that can beused to diffuse and adjust light
Tips for Lighting Outside Typically when you areshooting outside, you willnot need to use anyartificial lighting. Thereare, however, a few thingsthat you can do to makeyour outside footage lookbetter Don’t backlight your subject Use a solid white bounce asa fill light
Interview Tips Have the interviewee sit to one side ofthe camera. Ask the subject to answerall of their questions directed towardsthe person performing the interview Try to ask open-ended questions thatwill provoke a longer response from thesubject Ask questions that are self-contained Use proper composition, includingheadroom and nose room Play interview from “Off the Charts” What kind of interview techniques do wesee here?
Lighting Group Exercise You will create a group of 3-4 individuals for thisexercise Each group is going to come up with an idea for afake documentary – all of the interviews will bebased around this subject In the exercise there will be two stations One pair of groups will be indoors shooting on 2 differentlighting set-ups. At each set-up the group will need tocreate two different lighting looks with the tools that areavailable The other pair of groups will be shooting 2 interviews, onesomewhere outside and the other somewhere oncampus, using natural lighting Make sure you are using proper interviewing and soundproduction techniques