Video Production: Achieving Good Composition

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Video Production: Achieving Good Composition

  1. 1. Achieving Good Composition
  2. 2. What are some things thatmake up Good Composition? Demonstrate by searching Flickr Obeying the “rule of thirds” Single Point of Focus / Selective Focus Avoiding Tonal Mergers, DimensionalMergers, and Border Mergers Proper Amount of Nose Room Shot Composition in a Minute: http://vimeo.com/1461280
  3. 3. Composition Evaluation The Beach: http://vimeo.com/10363683 Formal Composition: The Beginning ofThe Royal Tenenbaums Stanley Kubrick: One-Point Perspective 5 Dollar Cover Seattle: The Beast What concepts from good compositiondo you see examples of in this video?
  4. 4. Photography vs. Video What are the differences in the ways that weshould approach shooting video vs. shooting aphotograph? In many ways we should treat them the same interms of a center of focus Video is a dynamic composition Choose a center of interest for a shot and hold on it– this is especially important when you are shootinghandheld footage Nathaniel & Angie
  5. 5. Composing Your Shot Drew Keller on Composing Shots
  6. 6. Movie Clips / YouTubeSearch Search YouTube / MovieClips for a shotthat you think has some kind ofinteresting composition Share the shot with the person next toyou and discuss the elements that makeit have good composition
  7. 7. Balance and Depth in Comp Shallow Depth vs. Deep Focus Shallow Depth of Field Controlled by a Variety of Factors Allows us to draw attention to a detail Beginning part of Citizen Kane Innovative use of Deep Focus made possible byfaster lenses Use of characters and objects to balancecomposition
  8. 8. Demonstration of Elements of astatic composition We are now going to demonstrate the different things thatwe should strive for in achieving good composition Shot demonstration – We want to demonstrate thefollowing: Focal Length Distance between camera and subject Center of Interest “Rule” of Thirds Nose Room and Head Room Avoiding Mergers High and Low angles Balance
  9. 9. Camera Shots From Millerson and Owen “VideoProduction Handbook” ELS (Extreme Long Shot) – showssignificant space above and/or below thesubject LS or WS (Long Shot or Wide Shot) –features the entire person in the frame MS (Medium Shot) – cuts the body justbelow or above the waist CU (Close-up) – Just above the head tothe upper chest ECU (Extreme Close Up) – Detail shot forpart of the body
  10. 10. Dynamic Composition Often times you will want to make your scene moredynamic and therefore you will move the camera around Demonstration of dynamic movements Pan Tilt Zoom Track Dolly Holding beginnings and ending Rack Focus Leading the subject
  11. 11. Handheld Techniques Occasionally, you may choose to usehandheld techniques to bring realismand movement to your project. You want to make sure that you have a goodstabilization system before you shoot thevideo Try to put your body into position so that youcan steadily hold the camera
  12. 12. Handheld Examples Beginning of Children of Men Movi
  13. 13. Capturing B-Roll The purpose of B-Roll What B-Roll you Grab Videomaker: Capturing B-Roll
  14. 14. Demonstration of Basic Editing How to do basic edits in Adobe Premiere
  15. 15. Exercise Composition Scavenger Hunt Shoot, Edit, and Turn in today. Projects will be screened at thebeginning of class next week

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