The Digital Divide Orange

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The Digital Divide Orange

  1. 1. Case 8.5 – “ The Digital Divide” <ul><li>“ There is a growing digital divide between those </li></ul><ul><li>who have access to the digital economy and those who </li></ul><ul><li>don’t, and that divide exists along the lines of </li></ul><ul><li>education, income, region, and race.” </li></ul><ul><li>(Pres. Clinton ) </li></ul><ul><li>Not a an event or a case at a definitive point in time </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Phenomenon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gradual yet rapid growth of the Internet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Needs time to implement technological change </li></ul></ul>“ The Digital Divide”
  2. 2. <ul><li>Digital Divide in the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Assertions: </li></ul><ul><li>“… Internet…an essential part of life.” (Friedman) </li></ul><ul><li>disparity “between those who have access to </li></ul><ul><li>information resources and those who lack access…” </li></ul><ul><li>better positioned in the info age: </li></ul><ul><li>solid computer skills </li></ul><ul><li>Internet access </li></ul><ul><li>information literacy </li></ul><ul><li>divide based on socioeconomic lines </li></ul>Case 8.5 – “ The Digital Divide” This case:
  3. 3. <ul><li>developed v. undeveloped nations </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. : 5% population </li></ul><ul><li>50 % of world’s PC on Internet </li></ul><ul><li>w/in developed nations </li></ul><ul><li>those who have access </li></ul><ul><li>those who do not </li></ul><ul><li>Stats </li></ul><ul><li>households w/ income >$75k </li></ul><ul><li>computer access 9x more likely; Internet access 20x more likely </li></ul><ul><li>> $75k, computer ownership = 91% </li></ul><ul><li>< $20k, “ “ = 22% </li></ul><ul><li>usage along racial lines: </li></ul><ul><li>50.3 % whites </li></ul><ul><li>49.4 % Asian </li></ul><ul><li>29.3 % African American (23.5 % households) </li></ul><ul><li>- Internet “lacks color” </li></ul><ul><li>Two forms: </li></ul>Facts: Case 8.5 – “ The Digital Divide”
  4. 4. <ul><li>more stats </li></ul><ul><li>Other dividing lines: </li></ul><ul><li>28.1% non-family access </li></ul><ul><li>60.6 % family access </li></ul><ul><li>38.9 % rural access </li></ul><ul><li>Gap not dependent upon education </li></ul>Case 8.5 – “ The Digital Divide” Facts (cont’d):
  5. 5. <ul><li> – Not in the strictest sense </li></ul><ul><li>Economic </li></ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul><ul><li>Players: </li></ul><ul><li>Clinton administration </li></ul><ul><li>Telecoms </li></ul><ul><li>Internet users and wannabes </li></ul>Case 8.5 – “ The Digital Divide” <ul><li>Moral issue </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li> – No </li></ul><ul><li>stench - No </li></ul><ul><li>front-page – No problem </li></ul><ul><li>Mom – n/a </li></ul><ul><li>Right v. right? </li></ul><ul><li>Not a ? of right v. anything </li></ul><ul><li>Haves v. have nots </li></ul><ul><li>Always been an issue & will always be… (Mark 16:7) </li></ul><ul><li>Should not be a hindrance to progress </li></ul><ul><li>Changes take time to fill market completely </li></ul><ul><li>Telephones after 15 years ? </li></ul><ul><li>TVs after 15 years ? </li></ul>Case 8.5 – “ The Digital Divide” <ul><li>Right v. Wrong ? </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Public & private education </li></ul><ul><li>Grade school </li></ul><ul><li>High School </li></ul><ul><li>Most libraries have access </li></ul><ul><li>Computers getting cheaper </li></ul><ul><li>Dial-up modem service @ $10/mo. </li></ul><ul><li>Full market capability will eventually be available </li></ul><ul><li>Personal motivation to learn </li></ul><ul><li>“… Internet…an essential part of life.” </li></ul><ul><li>Telephone </li></ul><ul><li>Newspapers </li></ul><ul><li>Radio & TV </li></ul><ul><li>Brick & Mortar </li></ul><ul><li>etc. </li></ul><ul><li>But… </li></ul><ul><li>trends in distance education </li></ul><ul><li>event Web casting </li></ul><ul><li>increased isolation </li></ul><ul><li>societal motivation </li></ul>Really? integral Case 8.5 – “ The Digital Divide” Resolution :
  8. 8. Resolution (cont’d) : Case 8.5 – “ The Digital Divide” <ul><li>Strong Utilitarian leaning </li></ul><ul><li>Full market capability is the desired end </li></ul><ul><li>Market forces </li></ul><ul><li>Individual participation </li></ul><ul><li>“ Two cars in every garage, a chicken in </li></ul><ul><li>every microwave, and a PC in every home” </li></ul>
  9. 9. ???

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