Mini presentation inca


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short presentation about incas

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  • Inca: South American Indians ruled Tawantinsuyu (Incan name of empire) that extended along the Pacific coast and Andean highlands from northern border of modern Ecuador to Maule River in central Chile
  • Polytheistic religion - Pantheon headed by Inti-the sun god , also included Viracocha-a creator god and culture hero , Apu Illapu-rain god , special attendants “chosen women” People offered food, clothing, drink to guardian spirits; gods linked to forces of nature; each month own festival
  • Engineers and architects constructed aquaducts, cities, temples, and fortresses Inca built vast network of roads; comprised two north-south roads, one running along coast about 2250 mi, other inland along Andes for a similar distance, w/ many interconnecting links Many short rock tunnels, vine-supported suspension bridges constructed Metalworking : best metal works in Americas; worked w/ alloy, copper, tin, bronze, silver gold; made statues of gods/goddesses Medical Advances : developed important medical practices- surgery on human skull, procedures close to use of modern antiseptics, anesthesia Resources : corn, potatoes, coffee, grain Art/Music/Architecture: woven baskets, metal ornaments, woodwinds, stone buildings
  • Mini presentation inca

    1. 1. The Inca Empire Taken from Katrina Namnama & Kathleen DeGuzman
    2. 2. Background <ul><li>Empire extended along the Pacific coast and Andean highlands from southern Colombia to Maule River in central Chile </li></ul><ul><li>Inca originated in village of Paqari-tampu, about 15mi south of Cuzco </li></ul><ul><li>Official language: Quechua </li></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>Polytheistic religion- Pantheon headed by Inti-the sun god </li></ul><ul><li>Combined features of animism, fetishism, worship of nature gods </li></ul><ul><li>Offered food, clothing, and drink </li></ul><ul><li>Rituals included forms of divination, sacrifice of humans and animals </li></ul>
    4. 4. Economic Developments <ul><li>constructed aquaducts, cities, temples, fortresses, short rock tunnels, suspension bridges, 2250mi road system </li></ul><ul><li>metal works of alloy, copper, tin, bronze, silver gold </li></ul><ul><li>developed important medical practices- surgery on human skull, anesthesia </li></ul><ul><li>resources-corn, potatoes, coffee, grain </li></ul><ul><li>created woven baskets, woodwinds </li></ul>
    5. 5. Cultural Conflict & Cooperation <ul><li>religious institutions destroyed by Spanish conquerors’ campaign against idolatry </li></ul><ul><li>Spaniards superior military technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>horses, muskets, cannons, metal helmets, armor, steel swords and lances </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Incan Bronze Age weapons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>llamas, clubs, sticks, wooden spears and arrows </li></ul></ul><ul><li>division & discontent among Inca, Spanish played on old feuds </li></ul><ul><li>disease brought by Europeans </li></ul><ul><li>survivors felt gods were less powerful than those of conquerors </li></ul><ul><li>Incans believed that disasters marked world’s end </li></ul>
    6. 6. Today <ul><li>descendants of Inca are present day Quechua-speaking peasants of Andes, constitute about 45% population of Peru </li></ul><ul><li>combine farming, herding w/ simple traditional technology </li></ul><ul><li>rural settlements three kinds: families living in midst of fields, true village communities w/ fields outside of inhabited centers, combination of two </li></ul><ul><li>towns centers of mestizo (mixed-blood) population </li></ul><ul><li>Indian community close-knit, families usually intermarrying; much of agricultural work done cooperatively </li></ul><ul><li>religion is Roman Catholicism infused w/ pagan hierarchy of spirits and deities </li></ul>
    7. 7. Bibliography <ul><li>Bernhard, Brendan. Pizarro, Orellana, and the Exploration of the Amazon . New York: Chealsea House Publishers, 1991. </li></ul><ul><li>Editors of Time-Life Books. Incas: Lords of Gold and Glory . Alexandria: Time-Life Books, 1992. </li></ul><ul><li>Ellis, Elizabeth Gaynor & Esler, Anthony. World History: Connections to Today . New Jersey: Prentice Hall, Inc., 2001. </li></ul><ul><li>Ogburn, Dennis E. The Empire of the Incas . 7 Oct. 1997. 24 Feb. 2006 < inca.htm> </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Inca.&quot; Encyclopedia Britannica . 2006. Encyclopedia Britannica Premium Service. 26 Feb. 2006 < article?tocId=9042237>. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Inca.” Grolier Universal Encyclopedia . Volume 5. New York: Grolier Inc., 1965. </li></ul>
    8. 8. Credits <ul><li>This presentation is part of a presentation with the given credits. No claim whatsoever to authorship. Only used as academic resource. About 10 slides were removed. </li></ul>