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Garner c8

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Garner c8

  1. 1. Chapter 8 Historical-Comparative Research
  2. 2. History Of Historical-comparative Research • Weber and the other great classical sociological thinkers: – Most notably Marx and Engels, and Durkheim, introduced HC design as a two-step process • Exemplary Historical-Comparative Research Studies – Peasant Wars © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  3. 3. History Of Historical-comparative Research • Eric Wolf ’s Peasant Wars of the Twentieth Century • Upheavals were violent, multifaceted changes in: – Political systems, class structure, culture and ideology, and economic organization • Capitalist penetration of the countryside is the independent variable © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  4. 4. History Of Historical-comparative Research • Revolution redefined as a peasant war is the dependent variable – Revolutions • Skocpol’s question was this: – Why did France, Russia, and China experience massive revolutions, upheavals marked by transformations of the: © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  5. 5. History Of Historical-comparative Research © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  6. 6. History Of Historical-comparative Research • Anderson’s dependent variables are nationalism as an ideology and nationalist movements • Martin Riesebrodt • Przeworski • Kenneth Roberts © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  7. 7. Characteristics Of Historical-comparative Research • Some examples – The studies use small samples – The researchers examine large volumes of secondary and primary sources – HC research faces challenges in establishing falsifiability – Theories are strongly integrated © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  8. 8. When And How To Use Historical-comparative Analysis • Some examples – The researchers treated societies as the units of analysis – Primary and secondary documents can be important sources of information – Many social scientists rely on historians to do the “grunt work” of historical research © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

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