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Chapter 61

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Th 513

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Chapter 61

  1. 1. TH 513 Systematic Theology PPt by Mark E. Hardgrove, PhD, DMin
  2. 2. Systematic Theology II Geisler, Norman Chapter 61 “The Nature of Salvation”
  3. 3. The process of salvation begins before a sinner makes a confession of faith. It is God who takes the initiative in salvation, not the sinner. Geisler call this pre-salvation acts of God. He includes: election, chosen (or chose), predestined, foreknowledge, calling, conviction, and prevenient grace.
  4. 4. Effectual Grace: efficacious in producing salvation. Sealing: As salvific act that guarantees our ultimate salvation (~Geisler). A Wesleyan view is that being sealed by the Holy Spirit means one is marked as the possession of God and therefore has entered into the saving covenant with God.
  5. 5. Salvation (or save): From the Greek soteria and soterion, meaning, “deliverance,” “preservation,” or “salvation.” Used of both physical and spiritual savation. Redemption: meaning “to ransom,” “to deliver,” “to buy back,” “purchasing.” Mediation: Hebrew, yakach, is used in Job 9:33. The Greek, mesitas is used to refer to Jesus as our mediator—prophet, priest, and king.
  6. 6. Regeneration: from the Greek paliggenesia, which means “regeneration,” “rebirth,” or “spiritual renovation.” It is the impartation of spiritual life, by God, to the souls of those who were dead in trespasses and sins. Born Again: is parallel to regeneration. Rebith is the point at which a person “dead in trespasses and sins” (Eph. 2:1) receives spiritual life.
  7. 7. Adoption: means, “placing as a son.” Adoption is the term of position whereby one becomes a son by the new birth. Reconciliation: from the Greek katallasso, which means ‘to reconcile,” or “to bring together.” Forgiveness: from the Greek aphesis, which means “to forgive” or “to remit” one’s sins. “Through Jesus the forgiveness of sins is proclaimed to you” (Acts 13:38).
  8. 8. Justification: The act of God by which we who are unrighteous in ourselves are nevertheless declared righteous before God. It is a judicial (legal) ace of pronouncing one to be right in God’s sight. The Greek word dikaios means “just” or “right(eous),” while the Greek dikaioo means “justify” or “justified.” God declares a sinner righteous before Himself on the basis of faith alone.
  9. 9. Propitiation (or Expiation): From the Greek hilasmos, meaning “to satisfy God on behalf of the sinner.” Also, hilasterion, which refers to the mercy seat in the OT tabernacle (Heb. 9:5) and of Jesus (Rom. 3:25). The third Greek word translated propitiation is the Greek hilaskomai, which means “to propitiate,” “to satisfy,” or “to expiate.”
  10. 10. Atonement: From the Hebrew kaphar, which literally means “to cover,” but also carries the broader meaning of “expiation,” or “condoining,” “wiping away,” “placating,” or “cancelling.” The Greek term is hiloskomai, meaning “to propitiate,” “to expiate,” or “to conciliate.”
  11. 11. Sacrificial (Substituationary) Atonement: The Bible indicates that Christ died in our place, punished for our sins that we might be set free. Arguments in favor of substitutionary atonement: First, God’s justice demands it. Second, our total depravity demands it. Third, the OT sacrifices imply it. Fourth, Isaiah 53:5-6 speak about it.
  12. 12. Arguments in favor of substitutionary atonement: Fifth, Jesus was presented as the Passover Lamb, which was substitutionary in nature. Sixth, Jesus claimed to be a fulfillment of Isaiah 53. Seventh, Jesus presented His death as a ransom, which usually meant, in the Greek OT, a deliverance from bondage in exchange for the payment of compensation for offering a substitute.
  13. 13. Arguments in favor of substitutionary atonement: Eighth, Christ presented Himself as a consecrated priest and sacrifice. Ninth, Christ’s death was “for,” that is, on another’s behalf. Tenth, In Christ’s death “for” (Gk. anti, meaning “instead of) us, substitution is explicit (Mk. 10:45; Matt. 20:28).
  14. 14. Arguments in favor of substitutionary atonement: Eleven, “Expiation” is used of Christ’s death, this implies a substitution. Twelfth, Appeasing God’s wrath by Christ’s death implies a substitutionary death (Rom. 2:25).
  15. 15. First, is justification, an instantaneous, past act of God by which one is saved from the guilt of sin—his record is cleared and he is guiltless before the Judge (Rom. 8:1). Second, is sanctification, which refers to salvation from the power of sin. In Calvinist teaching this grace is instantaneous at salvation, but is also progressive as one matures and is made righteous before God.
  16. 16. Second, is sanctification, (cont.) which refers to salvation from the power of sin. In Wesleyan Theology sanctification is a second definite act of grace. It may occur at salvation, or it may occur later as one is “sanctified.” In some views it is complete at the moment the second definite act of grace is applied in response to faith, in others it is progressive.
  17. 17. Sanctification: There are three areas of victory over the power of sin: 1.) Victory over the world (1 John 5:4); 2.) Victory over the flesh (Rom. 7:24-25); 3.) Victory over the devil (James 4:7). Third Stage, is glorification. This is the future act that will save us from the very presence of sin.

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