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Revitalising neighbourhoods
             A ResilientCity Entry

City Scale
                                                      Overview                                                 ...
There aren’t enough facilities

The Block

The Block

Living                                                                           The houses are pretty big, bigger in fact...
Agricultural and green walls
     are of using space that
      otherwise wouldn’t be

       There is more th...
City Scale
         The new block is built around the idea of shared
           communal gardens where everyone can get to...
Sustainable Urban
Drainage System     020709-03-0020
Mixed Use

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Resilient City Competition Entry


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The purpose of the Design Ideas Competition is to stimulate thinking and discourse about how to increase the resilience of our cities as we move into a century where our cities will be subjected to the combined environmental and economic impacts of Peak Oil and Climate Change.

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Resilient City Competition Entry

  1. 1. Re-urbia Revitalising neighbourhoods A ResilientCity Entry 020709-03-0020
  2. 2. City Scale Overview The City is undertaking large scale regeneration. Many failing neighborhoods have been Our study is located in a suburban low density residential neighbourhood in Oak redesignated as eco corridors Park, Detroit. We have chosen Detroit as it exemplifies the typical American city suffering from providing localized urban declining fortunes of the car industry and empty abandoned streets caused by the sub prime mortgage agriculture and renewable energy. Neighbourhood crisis. With large areas of Detroit abandoned and left to decay its time to re-evaluate the fundamental structure of the city alongside recommendations for a new denser suburban grain to create a true resilient city. As a starting point we have asked ourselves the simplest of questions; can we turn these abandoned parts of the city to the advantage of all and instil a shift to localised urbanism and sustainable living post peak oil? In answer we believe we can – by giving back swathes of land within the city to urban agriculture, bio fuel crops and renewable energy resources such as solar farms. The subsequent reduced city area available for 2009 residential use enables the opportunity for the intensification and restructuring of the remaining suburban areas Block into local centres capable of supporting themselves from a social, environmental and economic standpoint. All this must be in keeping with the American Dream of freedom of choice. Opportunity for every person to choose how they want to live, whether to redevelop their plot of land on their own, or perhaps with a neighbor, or maybe a developer, or to keep the big house and all the land. Broad choice of accommodation is at the heart of our proposal to foster diverse social sustainability. It would be naïve to suggest successful regeneration by forcing everyone into high density apartments. Living We appreciate this brief submission is part of the starting point on a issue which needs much more research, trial and error, before a workable solution is found. Therefore this paper can only hint at a suggested direction in relatively simplistic terms with some broad assumptions made. 2029 The diagrams conceptually illustrate urban restructuring at the city scale over a twenty year period with some areas of failing industry and predominantly residential areas reallocated for Hi, I’m Tim and I’ve lived in food and energy production. The remaining suburbs will Detroit all my life. undergo intensification to become as self sufficient as Over the years I’ve watched Detroit possible. decline from a production powerhouse to a place where nobody wants to be anymore. The location of the selected neighborhood is highlighted in red. Re-Urbia is going to help turn things round by reviving our neighborhoods. 020709-03-0020
  3. 3. There aren’t enough facilities City Scale Neighbourhood like shops and parks in our neighborhoods as there are too few people to support them. Recasting an urban fabric that challenges the need for daily car usage is key to the success of the sustainable city. Making the individuals daily world Year 20+ Four neighbourhoods combine to create a population capable Neighbourhood smaller in distance by providing those things, such as work of sustaining a post office, doctor and sheltered and daily needs within a short walk we will create places that accommodation within half a mile/10 minute people want to live. walk. A significant sub centre comprised of 16 neighbourhoods with larger food The neighbourhood design ethos promotes the concept of stores, secondary school, library etc a traditional village, with a centre that will meet most daily within 1 mile/20 minutes walk. needs, set in a urban hierarchy that enables neighborhoods to cumulatively combine their population in order to sustain higher Argricultural Block order centers capable of meeting most weekly needs without having swathe and to transport long distances. An important part of this approach is the Number of households supporting energy understanding of economic sustainability and the appreciation of the local community facilities Source: Eco Towns Research, 2007, UK. production population required to sustain business and public transport systems provide (see upper right). Living Year 0 The majority of the neighbourhood is comprised Year The neighbourhood village promotes a walkable grid with of residential single storey houses with little 10 a local shop, primary school and local park within community facilities, public open space and a quarter of a mile/ 5 minute walk. Local centre public transport. Neighborhood - 1/4 mile (5mins) walking circle A target density of 12.2 dwellings per Open space The current density of approx. 5.1 acre, via a range of housing mix, is dwellings per acre is insufficient to required to sustain a viable local School support local facilities. centre within a 5 minute Local centre walking distance. Sub centre Urban agriculture Solar farm/large scale agriculture Radial bus route Rapid transit route 020709-03-0020
  4. 4. The Block City Scale 5.7 Existing Block illustrating the typical Detroit suburban Densification Typologies residential building typology. All figures given A limited selection of building typologies have been investigated as examples are per acre. of suburban intensification. Combinations of the typologies shown here are capable of meeting the identified population density required for a hierarchy of It’s all about choice. Redevelop Neighbourhood viable centers. or stay the same. Government Location incentives encourage you to A typical suburban Detroit redevelop your plot alone or in partnership with your neighbors. block has been selected for study. 12.1 Significant further work Block is required to expand the range of typologies in order to create truly diverse and viable regeneration from a social Living and economic perspective. 7.7 The block The aerial photo (left) illustrates the Extension block selected for study. Vertical extension The building typologies are designed creates an apartment to enable ease of regeneration by above existing house. either the landowner, developer or Requires 1 plot minimum. regeneration agency. For example, one existing plot may be subdivided into two terraced properties, or two existing plots may be subdivided into three Detached detached propoerties and so forth. Sub-division of two plots to This enables the landowner freedom create three detached properties. of choice with regard to their own Blocks Stats Key Requires 2 plots minimum. Option for plot. The owner may either choose to live/work. Dwellings per acre maintain the status quo or redevelop, live in one property and sell the other. 020709-03-0020
  5. 5. The Block City Scale 8.1 Semi - Detached Sub-division of three plots to create four semi- Target Mix detached properties. Requires 3 plots The identified minimum. Option for live/work. neighbourhood target density of 12.1dpa The majority of the new houses Neighbourhood equating to are bigger and have more approximately shared community facilities like 2,000 homes allotments. It’s all about using land can be achieved more efficiently. via numerous combinations of 12.1 the densification typologies shown here. Block For demonstration, the below table outlines one potential combination. Non Typology Units Unit% Mix Residential ft2 Living Existing 92 10% N/A 23.1 Terraced Extension 99 5% N/A Sub-division of three plots to create four semi-detached Detached 188 15% * Loca centre properties. Requires 3 plots Neighbourhood 400m walking minimum. Option for live/work. circle Semi- Detached 238 18% * Open space Apartments/Mixed Use School Combination of four plots to create Terraced 634 32% * Local centre mixed-use apartment block. Flexible typology permits a range of uses from Apartments/ 398,262m2 residential to business and retail. The Blocks Stats Key 752 20% Mixed Use approx. density and population stats shown are Dwellings per acre based on the non residential uses at ground floor Min Total 2003 100% with apartment above. 398,264 * Opportunity for live/work 020709-03-0020
  6. 6. Living The houses are pretty big, bigger in fact than others round here as City Scale they’re over two floors. That was a major factor in us deciding to move here, along with the garden, garage and community 20 Years time facilities in the courtyard. There’s a barbeque area, allotments and Existing a safe place for the kids to play and mix it with others their own age. It’s a great way of getting to know your neighbors! Example of future intensified bock illustrating potential mix of building typologies. Neighbourhood We’ve lived here for years and I’ve put a lot or work into the house so I don’t really want to move. I like the way this area has moved on though. You didn’t used be able to walk to the shops which are great because I don’t like drive too much anymore. Block Living I love knowing that I’m helping the environment by living as sustainably as possible. I grow a lot of my vegetables, I don’t have to drive everywhere and we produce a lot of our own energy. We had a house on a huge plot which was far too much land for us to maintain. The new government policy and incentives to subdivide our property was perfect for us as our house was pretty old and in disrepair. We built two houses and we rent one out and live in the other It’s our first time buying. We really wanted to get a place which is great for our finances. in the city center but couldn’t afford the prices. This is the next best thing though as there are shops, bars and cafes with everything we need. The transport is really good into the city so we don’t need to worry about saving for a car right away, if at all. 020709-03-0020
  7. 7. Agricultural and green walls are of using space that otherwise wouldn’t be used. There is more than a 1 to 1 ratio of green area versus building floor space. We can grow a lot of our own vegetable in the communal allotments within the block. We set up a rota for day to day tasks. 020709-03-0020
  8. 8. City Scale The new block is built around the idea of shared communal gardens where everyone can get to know each other in a safe environment. There’s a barbeque area, space for kids to play, vegetable allotments and a sustainable urban drainage Neighbourhood system which we can use to water the landscape and vegetables. Those who have electric or hybrid cars can even charge up from the solar array shading the parking spaces. Block Living 020709-03-0020
  9. 9. Sustainable Urban Drainage System 020709-03-0020
  10. 10. Mixed Use 020709-03-0020