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Free on the Internet! Open Access & Open Educational Resources

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overview of openaccess, open educational resources (OER), creative commons*, fair use* and more (*not meant to be legal advice) #oaweek14

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Free on the Internet! Open Access & Open Educational Resources

  1. 1. Free on the internet! Resources you can use! ▪ How much data? The internet in realtime – 5/28/2014 4:30PM http://pennystocks.la/internet-in-real-time/ Robin Fay @georgiawebgurl
  2. 2. What is OER Open Educational Resources : Any kind of teaching materials – textbooks, syllabi, lesson plans, videos, readings, exams even classes (think MOOCS, but not all!) Robin Fay @georgiawebgurl
  3. 3. Open is… Open even goes beyond just resources – sharing data (open data), sharing manufacturing (open manufacturing), sharing software (open source) Robin Fay @georgiawebgurl
  4. 4. WWhhaatt aarree tthheeyy?? “OER are teaching, learning and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property licence that permits their free use or re-purposing by others. Open educational resources include full courses, course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos, tests, software, and any other tools, materials or techniques used to support access to knowledge”. William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, supporter of the worldwide Open Educational Resources (OER) movement
  5. 5. OOEERRss ppaarrtt ooff tthhee ooppeenn wwoorrlldd Opensource – software that is available for use under a license. Examples include Wordpress, OpenOffice, others. Open Access – databases and collections of resources (such as Open Journals, that are often scholarly in nature) – accessible and freely shared ; generally licensed under a more open (ShareAlike) license or Public Domain Open Systems / Open Process – Often thought of as transparency – processes are Open Data – Data that is collected and shared; Open data can be downloaded and used by anyone. MOOCs – MOOCs are Massive Open Online Classes that anyone can sign up for. Often content is released as OER (hint: a good treasure trove!)
  6. 6. OOEERR aarree…… • free to use & publicly available. • generally released under a license like creative commons. This license tells you what you can do (reuse, alter, use in educational or commercial work) • often licensed using creative commons; the credit/citation is called attribution • Collaborative. Works that can built upon, but in doing so you should consider resharing it publicly if possible • Part of a larger global movement toward openness – openaccess, open education, etc. • not just teaching materials!
  7. 7. Open Educational Resources Open Content / Open educational resources (OER) / Open Courseware are educational materials which are discoverable online and openly licensed that can be: Shared Shared freely and openly to be… Used Improved Redistributed … used by … redistribute and share again. … adapt / repurpose/ anyone to … improve under some type of license in order to …
  8. 8. Why uussee OOppeenn EEdduuccaattiioonnaall RReessoouurrcceess?? 1. Save time! Spend less time creating content – especially graphics (Don’t recreate the wheel). 2. Explore new ways of teaching a topic or provide new approaches (more support for learning styles) 3. Sharing OER content contributes to scholarship as a whole but can also help elevate your scholarly reputation (and help your career). 4. Engage in a global community of sharing and using educational resources (and increase your network of colleagues). 5. Learn. Continue your own professional development
  9. 9. WWaayyss ttoo uussee OOEERR Include OER content when feasible. Develop case study OER with students and release them. Offer a range of learning materials to students for the same content Encourage your students to search for OER materials to support their own learning. (You never know, they might find something you can use next year!) Embed the use of OER as part of your module/course review process.
  10. 10. IInntteelllleeccttuuaall PPrrooppeerrttyy RRiigghhttss ((IIPPRR)) Intellectual property rights includes all types of licensing and copyright. In terms of digital products, we often become aware of IPR with DRM (Digital Rights Management) especially with digital music or ebooks. Digital Rights Management is special licensing code (metadata) attached to a file. It says that you have the legal right to access a particular file.
  11. 11. Intellectual PPrrooppeerrttyy RRiigghhttss ((IIPPRR)) This resource was created by the University of Plymouth, Learning from WOeRK project. The project is funded by HEFCE as part of the HEA/JISC OER release programme. This resource is licensed under the terms of the Attribution-Non-Commercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales license ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/). The resource, where specified below, contains other 3rd party materials under their own licenses. The licenses and attributions are outlined below: 1. These contents are based on , A staff guide to Open Educational Resources, developed by the Unicycle project, based at Leeds Metropolitan University •The name of the University of Plymouth and its logos are unregistered trade marks of the University. The University reserves all rights to these items beyond their inclusion in these CC resources. •The JISC logo, the and the logo of the Higher Education Academy are licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -non-commercial-No Derivative Works 2.0 UK England & Wales license. All reproductions must comply with the terms of that license. ©University of Plymouth, 2010, some rights reserved
  12. 12. FAIR USE – a copyright exemption In US copyright law, a doctrine that brief excerpts of copyright material may, under certain circumstances, be quoted verbatim for purposes such as criticism, news reporting, teaching, and research, without the need for permission from or payment to the copyright holder. Examples of fair use include commentary, search engines, criticism, parody, news reporting, research, teaching, library archiving and scholarship. It provides for the legal, unlicensed citation or incorporation of copyrighted material in another author's work under a four-factor balancing act (wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fair_use)
  13. 13. PUBLIC DOMAIN - not copyright Public domain is unrestricted access – essentially either the copyright expired, is not copyrightable (ideas, facts, etc.), is assigned public domain by its creator. these are generally public domain: •all works published in the U.S. before 1923 •all works published with a copyright notice from 1923 through 1963 without copyright renewal •all works published without a copyright notice from 1923 through 1977 •all works published without a copyright notice from 1978 through March 1, 1989, and without subsequent registration within 5 years •the default term is life of the author plus 70 years
  14. 14. http://www.unc.edu/~
  15. 15. CREATIVE COMMONS – an easier way to assign copyright CC = Creative Commons BY (what kind of license) Attribution – Credit ND= Unchanged, can not be altered NC = Noncommercial SA= Sharealike = you must reshare it under its original license
  16. 16. CREATIVE COMMONS – an easier way to assign copyright Attribution – Credit ND= Unchanged, can not be altered NC = Noncommercial SA= Sharealike = you must reshare it under its original license CC All rights reserved = entirely copyright, you can not use it without explicit permission
  17. 17. FFiinnddiinngg OOEERR –– IImmaaggeess • Google Image Search • Flickr • Public domain resources
  18. 18. Searching in Flickr by rights – Advanced search https://www.flickr.com/search/advanced/
  19. 19. Searching in Flickr by rights – Advanced search
  20. 20. Searching in Flickr by rights using basic search Search first, and filter
  21. 21. Google Images • Search and filter Or use advanced search
  22. 22. Google Images Advanced
  23. 23. Other places to find images Other sources Smithsonian Institution Public Domain Images New York Times Public Domain Archives Project Gutenberg, a collection of public domain electronic books Librivox, public domain audio books Prelinger Archives; a vast collection of advertising, educational, industrial, and amateur films
  24. 24. Internet Archive Public Domain Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives (by-nc-nd) Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike (by-nc-sa) Attribution Non-commercial (by-nc) Attribution No Derivatives (by-nd) Attribution Share Alike (by-sa) Attribution (by)
  25. 25. Open Education Resources - The Khan Academy
  26. 26. Aggregating content: OER Commons
  27. 27. Resources • Open Educational Resources open4us.org/ • Merlot http://www.merlot.org/ • NTER https://www.nterlearning.org/ • Wiselearn http://wiselearn.dpi.wi.gov/wi-digital-learning-open-education-resources • College Open Textbooks http://www.collegeopentextbooks.org/ • Orange Grove http://florida.theorangegrove.org/og/access/home.do • GALILEO / Affordable Learning / GA Textbooks http://www.affordablelearninggeorgia.org/ • OER Commons https://www.oercommons.org/ • Khan Academy https://www.khanacademy.org/ • Open Yalehttp://oyc.yale.edu/ • North Carolina LOR http://www.nclor.org/nclorprod/access/home.do • Washington k-12 but may be of interest for Sci/English/Math skills • https://digitallearning.k12.wa.us/oer/library/ • https://www.oercommons.org/ •

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