Types of Articles


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Types of Articles

  1. 1. Scientific Literature The Types of Articles
  2. 2. Thousands of scientific articles are published in scholarly, peer-reviewed journals every year.
  3. 3. Popular publications like magazines and newspapers also publish a vast amount of material on scientific topics.
  4. 4. But there is a big difference between a magazine article and a scholarly one.
  5. 5. And not even all scholarly articles are the same
  6. 6. This presentation will walk you through the basicsof the types of scholarly and popular press articles and unlock their mysteries.
  7. 7. In scientific research, scholarly journal articles are the primary way research is communicated and spread.
  8. 8. Because these journals are not widely available outsideacademic institutions, you may have never seen a scholarly article so first we will discuss two basic types.
  9. 9. Type 1: The PrimaryResearch Article
  10. 10. The primary research article is the most basic means by which scientists report the results of their research.
  11. 11. A primary research articles begins when a single researcher (or more often a group of them) perform an experiment.
  12. 12. When you do an experiment in lab class you are oftenassigned a lab report with an Introduction, Materials andMethods, Results, Discussion, and Conclusions sections.
  13. 13. Research articles are based on this same structure.
  14. 14. Lets take a look at some of the major parts of a research article
  15. 15. The article starts with some basic information including the Articles title, authors names and affiliations.
  16. 16. The publication date information shows that this article passed through a peer review process.
  17. 17. After the publication information youll see a short summary of the article called an abstract.
  18. 18. Abstracts are provided so you can quickly see if an article contains information you are interested in.
  19. 19. The text of the article begins with an introduction which discusses previous work on the subject and gives a brief overview.
  20. 20. In most articles this will be followed by a methods section.
  21. 21. And then results.
  22. 22. The results section generally contains a number of charts, graphs, or tables to express the data discussed.
  23. 23. The discussion section may also contain more graphs as it puts the results into a broader context with information from other research.
  24. 24. An articles text often ends with acknowledgements and thanks from the authors for assistance or funding for the research.
  25. 25. And finally the articles bibliography, citing all of the other research discussed in the article.
  26. 26. This list of references is a valuable place to look for other articles that you may find useful.
  27. 27. Type 2:The Review Article
  28. 28. Review articles are also scholarly and subject to peer review but they differ from primary research in their content.
  29. 29. Rather than a lab report, a Review article is similar to a research paper like you have written for school.
  30. 30. Researchers gather together many primary review articles on a topic and summarize them into a review article.
  31. 31. The review article starts with the same publication details and abstract that you would find in a research article...
  32. 32. ...but unlike a research article the entire text of a reviewarticle is a discussion of the research done of the topic with new or original research being presented.
  33. 33. These articles allow you to review a lot of primaryresearch in a short time and identify which of the research articles you will find valuable.
  34. 34. Because so much material is covered, the list of references at the end of a review article is generally much more extensive than that of a research article, often running several pages.
  35. 35. And to get the most out of a review article youllneed to be able to follow and read the citations to each research article in the references section.
  36. 36. Citations come in two basic formats depending on the article: parenthetical and numbered.
  37. 37. With a parenthetical citation you look for the authorsname (or occasionally title) in the list of references, which are generally listed alphabetically.
  38. 38. With a numeric citation you refer to the footnote number in the references list at the end.
  39. 39. In either case, the result will be a citation to anotherarticle, which you will need to decipher so you can find the article in question.
  40. 40. Most citations will contain these basic pieces ofinformation that you would need to locate an article.
  41. 41. Although different journals will have slightly differentformats, the same basic information will still be present and should be identifiable.
  42. 42. Often a journal name will be abbreviated; you can do a web search for an abbreviation to get the journals full title.
  43. 43. With the citation you can use the Journal Finder page on the Librarys Website to find or order the full article.
  44. 44. Popular Press orBackground Articles
  45. 45. In addition to scholarly articles, your project will ask you to use background articles to gather information.
  46. 46. Popular Press or background articles are those that comefrom non-scholarly sources like magazines and newspapers.
  47. 47. These articles are generally written by journalists rather than scientists.
  48. 48. And they are written to be read by the general public, rather than students or other researchers
  49. 49. This means that background articles will often describe the topic in a way that is much easier to understand…
  50. 50. …and contain important basic information that would beconsidered too simple to put in a scholarly article.
  51. 51. Just like scholarly articles, your librarian willshow you how to find background articles when you come to the library lab next week.