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A presentation about Iceland.

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  1. 1. Iceland By Juri Petruhhin
  2. 2. Location Iceland is located in the North Atlantic, not far away from Greenland.
  3. 3. Aerial view of Iceland
  4. 4. Short history <ul><li>The first people came to Iceland in the 9 th century from Norway.
  5. 5. Reykjavik, the capital of Iceland, was founded in the year 874.
  6. 6. The local parliament, the Althing, was created in 930.
  7. 7. To win an argument in the Althing, the speaker had to get the most support from the landlords.
  8. 8. This makes Iceland one of the oldest democracies in the world.
  9. 9. Iceland became part of Norway in 1262.
  10. 10. In 1662, it became part of Denmark. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Short history <ul><li>It became independent again in 1944.
  12. 12. In 1980 Vigdís Finnbogadóttir became the president of Iceland. She was the world's first elected woman president.
  13. 13. In 2008 it was hit hard by the global financial crisis, causing the collapse of all three of the country's major commercial banks.
  14. 14. By the end of 2008, Iceland's external debt was $70 billion (compared to its GDP of a bit more than $12 billion).
  15. 15. In the 2009 the parliament approved same-sex marriages. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Quick facts Source of image :
  17. 17. Reykjavik is the capital of Iceland and the northernmost capital in the world. Source of image:
  18. 18. Source of image: Population: 318,000 (as of 2011) Area: 103,001 km 2 Density: 3.1/km 2 Language: Icelandic HDI*: 0.869 (as of 2010) Time zone: GMT (Greenwich time) Calling code: +354 Internet domain: .is * Human Development Index, max 1.000, the bigger it is the higher the quality of life is.
  19. 19. Source of image: Currency: Icelandic króna GDP: $12 billion GDP per capita: $39,000 Export: fish and fish products, aluminium. Import: Machinery, petroleum, food. Main trade partners: the EU, USA and Japan. Economy
  20. 20. President Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson The leaders Prime Minister Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir
  21. 21. Climate The climate is subpolar oceanic. Annual rainfall is 500 to 1500 mm. The North Atlantic Current makes the climate more temperate. The average temperture in winter is 0 to -10 °C, in summer 10 – 25 °C above zero.
  22. 22. Volcanoes Iceland has over 100 volcanic mountains. The eruption of Eyjafjallajökull in 2010 and Grímsvötn in 2011 sent thousands of tonnes of ash into the sky in a few days, disrupting air travel all over Europe. The closure of the airspace left five million travelers stranded around the world.
  23. 23. Eyjafjallajökull in the background Source:
  24. 24. Akureyri, Iceland's secong largest city Source:
  25. 25. A typical landscape Source:
  26. 26. Thank you for your time! Visit for more presentations and videos.