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Rob Herringer
NSCAA National Staff
Head Men’s Soccer Coach- Benedictine College
• Evolution of systems of play
• Modern systems of play
• Modern Defensive Tactics
• Modern Attacking Tactics
• Implications for coaches
• Summary and Closing
• All information presented is applicable to BOTH the
men’s and women’s game.
• More examples used from the men’s game, however.
• Provide information on systems of play- past,
present and future.
• Address tactical trends and the implications
for coaches.
• Expose coaches to new ideas and concepts.
“Football is not just about players. It is about
shape and about space, about the intelligent
deployment of players, and their movement
within that deployment.”
-Jonathan Wilson
Inverting the Pyramid
ENGLAND v. SCOTLAND- FIRST INTERNATIONAL MATCH- 1872 (0-0)
• 4-2-3-1 (Germany, Netherlands and many
others)
• 4-3-3 (Portugal and Russia)
• 4-4-2 (England)
• 3-5-2 and 4-1-3-2 (Italy)
• 4-6-0 (Spain)
• 4-2-3-1
• 4-3-3
• 4-4-2
– Block of 8
– Diamond midfield
• 3-5-2
• 4-1-4-1
“This is a fundamental: it could be said that the
whole history of tactics describes the struggle to
achieve the best possible balance of defensive
solidity and attacking fluidity.”
-Jonathan Wilson
Inverting the Pyramid
• “Systems of play are like a poor man’s blanket…”
–Anson Dorrance
• Do the players fit the system or does the system
fit the players?
• Coaches must know the structural strengths and
weaknesses of each system.
• Coaches must know how to train teams in each
system.
• No matter what system you choose, you must
always account for the principles of the game!
• Zonal back four/three
• Defending the ball instead
of man-to-man
• Pressure, cover, balance
• Use of offside space
• Compaction and
concentration
• Variations in thirds of the
field
• The use of
sweeper/stopper systems
is virtually non-existent in
the modern game.
C
O
M
P
A
C
T
I
O
N
CONCENTRATION
• Protection against rapid
counter-attacks.
• Speed and athleticism of
athletes.
• 17 of the 34 first goals
scored in the 2010 World
Cup were executed within
10 seconds after
regaining possession.
• A back 3.5…
• Not just a “stopper” or
“Makalele” anymore!
• Being used more often due to development and
understanding of athletes- speed, fitness, agility,
nutrition, sport science.
• Full press
– Attempting to win the ball back within five seconds
following loss of possession.
• ¾ press
– Line of confrontation
• Half press/Delayed high pressure
– Line of confrontation
– Creating space to counter
• Pressing in certain areas of the field- flank,
midfield, etc.
• Pressing at different moments:
– Bad touch or head down
– Pass backward or square
– A specific player receives the ball
• Why is pressing so en vogue at the moment?
• Ability to get forward
and assist with the
attack.
• Combine with partners.
• Playmakers.
• Attack the 18 with
dribbling or variety of
service.
• More room to run?
• “Wrong-
footed/Inverted”
wingers coming inside.
• Playmakers underneath
striker(s), on the flank
or in deep-lying
positions.
• The relationship
between the #9 (center
forward) and #10
(withdrawn
forward/attacking
midfielder)
• Implications for
opposition centerbacks
• Use of a false #9
• No forwards at all?
• Must expose players to a variety of modern
systems that incorporate zonal defending or
combination of zonal and man-marking.
• Systems that are flexible, not rigid.
• Systems with 3, 4 and 5 backs.
• Systems with 3, 2, 1 and no forwards.
• VARIETY!
• Direct
• Indirect
• “Style of no style”
• Changes based on opponents, field and
weather.
• Changes based on game situations/scenarios:
– Clock, scoreboard, situation
• Up/down a goal
• Up/down a player
• Need a win
• Zonal backlines
• Use of holding/screening/deep-lying midfielders
• Pressing
• Many players entering college have very little
knowledge of how to defend- individually, in a unit and
as a team.
– limited experience playing zonal systems.
• Limited experience playing with three in the back.
• Coaches must prepare players for the next level of the
game!
• Building from the back (indirect football) is essential for
development.
• Players must be encouraged and have confidence to
beat opponents in 1v1 situations.
• Positional relationships/partnerships (groups and pairs)
• Technical development is essential!
– Crossing, passing, receiving and finishing.
• Framing the goal/runs in the penalty area
• Reading opponents and solving problems on the field.
“Players lose you
games, not tactics.
There’s so much crap
talked about tactics
by people who barely
know how to win at
dominoes.”
- Brian Clough
• Teambuilding- Rinus Michels
• Inverting the Pyramid- Jonathan Wilson
• NSCAA Soccer Journal
• Elite Soccer Coaching-
• Zonal Marking-
• NSCAA-
• US Youth Soccer/ Kansas Youth Soccer
Rob Herringer
NSCAA National Staff
Head Men’s Soccer Coach- Benedictine College

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Modern Tactical Trends

  • 1. Rob Herringer NSCAA National Staff Head Men’s Soccer Coach- Benedictine College
  • 2. • Evolution of systems of play • Modern systems of play • Modern Defensive Tactics • Modern Attacking Tactics • Implications for coaches • Summary and Closing • All information presented is applicable to BOTH the men’s and women’s game. • More examples used from the men’s game, however.
  • 3. • Provide information on systems of play- past, present and future. • Address tactical trends and the implications for coaches. • Expose coaches to new ideas and concepts.
  • 4. “Football is not just about players. It is about shape and about space, about the intelligent deployment of players, and their movement within that deployment.” -Jonathan Wilson Inverting the Pyramid
  • 5. ENGLAND v. SCOTLAND- FIRST INTERNATIONAL MATCH- 1872 (0-0)
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  • 14. • 4-2-3-1 (Germany, Netherlands and many others) • 4-3-3 (Portugal and Russia) • 4-4-2 (England) • 3-5-2 and 4-1-3-2 (Italy) • 4-6-0 (Spain)
  • 15. • 4-2-3-1 • 4-3-3 • 4-4-2 – Block of 8 – Diamond midfield • 3-5-2 • 4-1-4-1
  • 16.
  • 17. “This is a fundamental: it could be said that the whole history of tactics describes the struggle to achieve the best possible balance of defensive solidity and attacking fluidity.” -Jonathan Wilson Inverting the Pyramid
  • 18. • “Systems of play are like a poor man’s blanket…” –Anson Dorrance • Do the players fit the system or does the system fit the players? • Coaches must know the structural strengths and weaknesses of each system. • Coaches must know how to train teams in each system. • No matter what system you choose, you must always account for the principles of the game!
  • 19.
  • 20. • Zonal back four/three • Defending the ball instead of man-to-man • Pressure, cover, balance • Use of offside space • Compaction and concentration • Variations in thirds of the field • The use of sweeper/stopper systems is virtually non-existent in the modern game.
  • 22.
  • 23. • Protection against rapid counter-attacks. • Speed and athleticism of athletes. • 17 of the 34 first goals scored in the 2010 World Cup were executed within 10 seconds after regaining possession. • A back 3.5… • Not just a “stopper” or “Makalele” anymore!
  • 24. • Being used more often due to development and understanding of athletes- speed, fitness, agility, nutrition, sport science. • Full press – Attempting to win the ball back within five seconds following loss of possession. • ¾ press – Line of confrontation • Half press/Delayed high pressure – Line of confrontation – Creating space to counter
  • 25.
  • 26. • Pressing in certain areas of the field- flank, midfield, etc. • Pressing at different moments: – Bad touch or head down – Pass backward or square – A specific player receives the ball • Why is pressing so en vogue at the moment?
  • 27.
  • 28. • Ability to get forward and assist with the attack. • Combine with partners. • Playmakers. • Attack the 18 with dribbling or variety of service. • More room to run?
  • 29. • “Wrong- footed/Inverted” wingers coming inside. • Playmakers underneath striker(s), on the flank or in deep-lying positions.
  • 30. • The relationship between the #9 (center forward) and #10 (withdrawn forward/attacking midfielder) • Implications for opposition centerbacks • Use of a false #9 • No forwards at all?
  • 31.
  • 32. • Must expose players to a variety of modern systems that incorporate zonal defending or combination of zonal and man-marking. • Systems that are flexible, not rigid. • Systems with 3, 4 and 5 backs. • Systems with 3, 2, 1 and no forwards. • VARIETY!
  • 33. • Direct • Indirect • “Style of no style” • Changes based on opponents, field and weather. • Changes based on game situations/scenarios: – Clock, scoreboard, situation • Up/down a goal • Up/down a player • Need a win
  • 34. • Zonal backlines • Use of holding/screening/deep-lying midfielders • Pressing • Many players entering college have very little knowledge of how to defend- individually, in a unit and as a team. – limited experience playing zonal systems. • Limited experience playing with three in the back. • Coaches must prepare players for the next level of the game!
  • 35. • Building from the back (indirect football) is essential for development. • Players must be encouraged and have confidence to beat opponents in 1v1 situations. • Positional relationships/partnerships (groups and pairs) • Technical development is essential! – Crossing, passing, receiving and finishing. • Framing the goal/runs in the penalty area • Reading opponents and solving problems on the field.
  • 36. “Players lose you games, not tactics. There’s so much crap talked about tactics by people who barely know how to win at dominoes.” - Brian Clough
  • 37. • Teambuilding- Rinus Michels • Inverting the Pyramid- Jonathan Wilson • NSCAA Soccer Journal • Elite Soccer Coaching- • Zonal Marking- • NSCAA- • US Youth Soccer/ Kansas Youth Soccer
  • 38. Rob Herringer NSCAA National Staff Head Men’s Soccer Coach- Benedictine College