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Colonization Notes


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Colonization Notes

  1. 1. Colonization Unit 1 Notes
  2. 2. Colonial Beginnings <ul><li>Colonists, like explorers had many reasons for going to America. </li></ul><ul><li>For work </li></ul><ul><li>Find gold and get rich </li></ul><ul><li>Escape religious persecution </li></ul>
  3. 3. Colonial Beginnings <ul><li>When colonists arrived they were unprepared ! </li></ul>
  4. 4. Colonial Beginnings <ul><li>The English tried to establish a permanent settlement at Roanoke in 1586 and 1587 but it failed . </li></ul><ul><li>The second attempt at colonization ,Jamestown, was formed using a joint-stock company called the Virginia Company . </li></ul><ul><li>Did the Virginia Company divide profits or losses? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Colonial Beginnings <ul><li>Jamestown colonists faced many challenges. </li></ul><ul><li>Site was swampy and full of malaria-carrying mosquitoes. </li></ul><ul><li>Became ill from drinking water . </li></ul><ul><li>Spent days searching for gold instead of building houses and growing food. </li></ul><ul><li>Extreme temperatures . </li></ul>
  6. 6. Colonial Leaders <ul><li>Important People at Jamestown: </li></ul><ul><li>John Smith was the leader of the first permanent English settlement, Jamestown . </li></ul><ul><li>Pocahontas was rumored to have saved John Smith. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Colonial Leaders Continued… <ul><li>3. John Rolfe taught colonists how to plant tobacco . </li></ul><ul><li>4. Nathaniel Bacon who led an uprising against the wealthy. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Money or No Money? <ul><li>Some could not afford passage to America and decided to become indentured servants . </li></ul><ul><li>Indentured servants were people who sold his/her labor in exchange for passage to America. </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Three Colonial Regions: <ul><li>New England </li></ul><ul><li>Middle </li></ul><ul><li>Southern </li></ul>
  10. 10. New England <ul><li>New England -Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts , Connecticut , and Rhode Island </li></ul>Work in the New England area included: cutting down trees , building ships, farming cattle, and fishing .
  11. 11. New England <ul><li>Triangular Trade-The system of transatlantic trade between Europe, Africa, and America. </li></ul>Middle Passage was the devastating journey from Africa to the Americas, transporting thousands of Africans for use as slaves .
  12. 12. Three groups all settled in the New England area due to religious reasons. <ul><li>1. Pilgrims </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pilgrims wanted to break away from the Church of England . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>November 1620-Pilgrims arrived on the Mayflower in Plymouth (Cape Cod, Massachusetts) to exercise their religious freedoms. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They established the Mayflower Compact -an example of self-government and majority rule. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pilgrims met Squanto . </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Three groups all settled in the New England area due to religious reasons. <ul><li>2. Puritans </li></ul><ul><li>Puritans wanted to reform or purify the Church of England. </li></ul><ul><li>They created a commonwealth , a community in which people worked together for the good of the whole. </li></ul><ul><li>Well prepared and did not suffer a starving time! </li></ul><ul><li>Challengers of the Puritan way, both forced to leave Massachusetts included Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson. Roger Williams founded the colony of Rhode Island and Anne Hutchinson established Connecticut. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Three groups all settled in the New England area due to religious reasons. <ul><li>3. Quakers </li></ul><ul><li>Believed in treating the Native Americans fairly. </li></ul><ul><li>Accepted everyone into their colony and believed all people should live in peace and harmony. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Middle <ul><li>Middle -New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware </li></ul><ul><li>Work in the Middle colonies included: trading furs , raising livestock, and cutting down trees. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Middle <ul><li>William Penn, a Quaker, established the colony Pennsylvania . </li></ul><ul><li>Different religious and ethnic groups were welcomed, making it one of the wealthiest American colonies. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Southern <ul><li>Southern - Virginia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia </li></ul><ul><li>Work in the Southern colonies included: farming indigo, tobacco , and rice . </li></ul>
  18. 18. Southern <ul><li>Farming in the Middle and Southern colonies differed in size and type of crop. The type of agriculture in the Southern colonies used plantations to grow cash crops for export. </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves had a major impact on the economy and culture of the South and would later influence the entire country. </li></ul>