Parsons Product Design, Carissa Lo, Lumea, Spring 2007


Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine
  • Be the first to comment

Parsons Product Design, Carissa Lo, Lumea, Spring 2007

  1. 1. ` Lumea ` Therapeutic Memoirs “It is not the length of life, but the depth of life.” Ralph Waldo Emerson Carissa Lo Terminally Ill Patients by Carissa Lo Parsons School for Design Professor Robert Rabinovitz
  2. 2. In three words I can sum up everything I’ve learned about life. It goes on. Robert Frost
  3. 3. - Introduction .................................................. 1 - Design Direction ........................................... 6 Content - History of Hospice Phase 2 - Research ...................................................... 1 - Revised Criteria Phase 1 - Inspiration - Understanding the Problem - Concepts - Problem -Models - Vital Statistic - Understanding the Patients - Design Direction ........................................... 7 - Mental Phase 3 - Physical -Concept 1: Snowflake - Belief - Model - Existing Products - Application - Research ...................................................... 3 - Concept 2: Finger Knitting Phase 2 - Model - Understanding Patient Analysis - Application - Senses - Concept 3: Butterfly - Daily Routine - Model 1 - Intent ............................................................ 4 - Application 1 Phase 1 - Model 2 - Intial Criteria - Application 2 - Concepts - Final Product ................................................ 8 - Models - Lumea - In Field Research ......................................... 5 - Meaning of Lumea and Concept - Materials - Views - Various Age Group Scenarios - Technical Rendering and Exploded Views - User Scenario - Resources - Bibilography Carissa Lo Lumea- Terminally Ill Patients by Carissa Lo Parsons School for Design Professor Robert Rabinovitz
  4. 4. History of the Hospice Introduction “Hospice” a linguistic root for “hospitality” During the medieval times hospice was referred to a place of shelter and rest for the weary or ill travelers on a long journey. In 1967 a physician Madame Cicely Saunders founded the first modern hospice center called St. Christopher’s Hospice in a residential suburb of London. She introduced the idea of specialized care for the dying in the United States in 1963.
  5. 5. Understanding the Problem Problem Vital Statistics Many of terminal patients are forced There are at least over one million to live in nursing homes, residen- patients that are diagnosed as termi- Research tial hospices, or hospitals due to nally ill in the US of 2006. the variety of help needed for their specific conditions including cancer, At least 80% of US patients die in pulmonary, cardiac, and neurologi- institutions from medical treatment. cal diseases. Most of these deaths occur among Phase 1 adults from 65 to 85 years of age. Due to a lack of proper diagnosis At least 15% of terminal patients die from physicians, the solution for a within 7 days, with an average hos- terminally ill patients maybe to either pital stay being 29 days. hasten death or improper treatment for the patients. Many physicians do not seem to understand that keeping patients in the hospital for a prolonged period of time will lead to a decline in the patient’s mental state. Carissa Lo Lumea- Terminally Ill Patients by Carissa Lo 1 Parsons School for Design Professor Robert Rabinovitz
  6. 6. Understanding the Patient Mental Negative Positive Psychologically these patients may To alleviate some of the mental face a variety of emotions due to stress, there are many enjoyable their fatal conditions. activities that can promote a better quality of life. - Distress - Depression - Meditation - Burden - Music - Denial - Dance - Helplessness - Theater - Guilt - Art - Shame - Events/ Festivals - Feelings of unfulfillment - Sports/ Games - Abandonment/ leaving too soon - Amusement Parks - Anger - Singing/Chants - Sadness - Concerts - Frustration - Eating/ Food - Attachment/ being separated - Sense of Danger - Anxieties - Regrets Hanging out with friends, spending time with family, cultivating relationships through patience, love, compassion, and wisdom, creating a cause for a future of happiness, eliminate any final regrets, attain- ment of the world, and taking day trips can lead to a satisfying life.
  7. 7. Understanding the Patient Physical There is a concern for the patients level of consciousness, range of movement and the duration of time. Mike is in his mid twenties and is single. He was diagnosed Minor Cases with Leukemia and his life expectancy is 2 weeks. He lives - Counseling and works in the city on his own. His parents live in Europe - Support Groups and visit once in a while. Since his diagnoses he has been - Foundations bed ridden and his energy is diminishing. From time to time - Charities he has a shortness of breathe and is limited in the range of - Wheelchair movement. Due to the distance of where his parents live it is difficult to reach him to visit at the hospice. Severe Cases - Need constant attention 2 Weeks - Facilities to be close by - Equipment if necessary - Therapy Jane is thirty years of age and has a husband and two kids. - Limited Range of movement She was diagnosed with cancer and has 3 months to live. - Possiblity of Bed ridden Her and her family live in the suburbs close to the hospital - Physically debilitating facilites. She is a very energetic person but due to the treat- ment she is on, to deter the illness, she has become very woren at times. At times she experiences pain and uneasy Patients can have emotional con- due to the medication. Her family is very supportive of her flicts because of a strained and encourage her to stay strong throughout the process. relationship between them and their loved ones. Loved ones may 3 Month also have to deal with the after effects of the patients passing away. Frank is a senior citizen at his prime age of sixty-five. He has a loving wife, two kids and three grandchildren. A cou- ple weeks ago he was notified that he was diagnosed with a pulmonary heart condition. The doctors told him that he has a year to live. He resides now at a retirement home with a large loving family that visits him on occasions. He is very active even though his moblity is hindered a bit due to being handicap from a stroke a couple months ago. 1 Year Carissa Lo Lumea- Terminally Ill Patients by Carissa Lo 2 Parsons School for Design Professor Robert Rabinovitz
  8. 8. Understanding the Patient Belief There are many different belief systems that are across the world. Many people surround them- selves with spritual objects to comfort them. Some of these objects are the bible, a rosary, prayer cards and pictures of saints. By engaging in reading prayer cards or the bible their hopes and questions can be answered by a higher being, god. Christianity Other religions that are mainly celebrated in Eastern Culture is buddhism. Some forms of activies that they perform help them to relax or set the mind at ease. These activies include worshipping deities bringing them offerings or sacrfices, meditation, or simply by celebrating in a festive way. Buddhism Another sect of relgion or belief people come together for is by chanting or reading hymns out loud. It releases any bad spirits one might have and bring in good energy. Judism
  9. 9. Existing Products Western Culture Eastern Culture Letter Diaries and Journals Scrap Booking Monument Scrolls Temples/Shrines Sacred Text Playing Instrument Collecting Stamps Bible and Rosary Deities Rituals/Ceremonies Calendars Symbolism Books Puzzles Music Mummification Chants/hymns Processions Will Knitting Quilting Offerings Pottery Jewelry * Note: Two Color Scheme represent the setting of the tone in different cultures Carissa Lo Lumea- Terminally Ill Patients by Carissa Lo 3 Parsons School for Design Professor Robert Rabinovitz
  10. 10. Understanding Patient Analysis Birth Graduation Maintenance Traveling - Touch - Photos - Books Research - Bathing - Discovery - Friends - Spa - Magazine - Explore - Yearbook - Eating - Music - Food - Family - Sleeping - Car Games - Parents - Movies - Massage - Newspaper Phase 2 Children Marriage Vacation Animals - Sports - Planning - Hiking - Spider - Growth - Relationships - Spa - Web - Family - Honeymoon - Cruise - Butterfly -Family Album - Vacation - Photo - Metamorphis - Storytime - Anniversary -Camera - Bird - Parents -Gifts - Books - Songs Holiday Birthday Nature - Friends - Photos - Plants - Cards - Presents - Maze/ Labyrinth - Food - Friends - Solar System - Music -Planitarium - Family - Trees - Growth Rings
  11. 11. Senses - Touch - Smell - Taste - Hear - See Senses of the human body are to be applied when a person encounters different experiences. By focusing on each of the sense it will enhance their awarness of their surroundings. Hand Nose Mouth Ear Eyes Carissa Lo Lumea- Terminally Ill Patients by Carissa Lo 4 Parsons School for Design Professor Robert Rabinovitz
  12. 12. Daily Routine Morning Afternoon Night Exercsing Bedsheets Reading Meditation Cooking Laundry Mailbox Tea/ Cafe Hiking Pajamas Food Towels/Linens Food Music Bath/Massage
  13. 13. Intial Criteria To create a product that is Intent memorable and a keepsake so that the patient will have Phase 1 something physical to hold To perpetuate core value and life experiences with loved ones, friends, family, and even pets To inspire reminiscing of treasured memories that creates a sense of nostalgia Joy Excitement Laughter Love Carissa Lo Lumea- Terminally Ill Patients by Carissa Lo Parsons School for Design Professor Robert Rabinovitz 5
  14. 14. Concepts Electronic Bracelet Toy Doll Picture Ring HomeAroma Wand Photo Keychain Models Electronic Bracelet Toy doll Picture Ring HomeAroma Wand Photo Keychain
  15. 15. Cabrini Hospice Center, New York City In Field Research What would patients like to leave behind before they pass away? A legacy. At the end of the patients life what is lacking from from life? A constant need for movement or motion. Due to being bed ridden or restricted movement it is harder for the patients to keep working or set goals due to end of their life. What is the most essential or special when family members come to visit the patients? Most important part is the sense of touch. Holding hands with the patients can be very calming and soothing to a person and also having conversations. What does Cabrini Hospice Center offer through their facilities? The hospice center has staff that offers patients and family members to talk to them. After the patients pass away the com- munity follows up after a couple weeks to a month to see if the family member is doing well. The facility offers a meditation room, music room, and a cozy living room. What kind of atmosphere and environment is created for the patients and family members in the hospice center? When walking into the hospice center the atmosphere is very calming, soothing, and relaxing. The color of the walls are a lavender pastel tone and is decoratesd with wall unit water fountains and beautiful art pictures/paintings. The mood of the overall place is set with warm, soft, and dim lighting which is easier for the eyes and plants and placed throughout the facili- ties to create a livelier environment. What types of therapies does Cabrini Hospice Center offer here? We offer Art therapy and Hand therapy mainly. With hand therapy a special high luxury end company has donated a few bottles to the hospice center for therapeutic reasons. Carissa Lo Lumea- Terminally Ill Patients by Carissa Lo 6 Parsons School for Design Professor Robert Rabinovitz
  16. 16. Revised Criteria Inspiration To create a product that overcomes There is a need for a product or system to help these patients transition into their next Design Direction the stages of Dying, Death, and Grief stage of lives. Patients need to feel a sense To convey the present moment and of life long fulfillment and satisfaction in the the vibrancy of life small duration of time they have left. To engage a loved ones in events by focusing on physical activies + Books + Letters/ Journal Phase 2 To form a depth of life and layered of + Daily Activities meanings - Photos Existing solutions for these patients include medical treatment,psychotherapy, and sup- port groups. Some of them seem quite help- ful, but many, including foundations and charities, leave these patients in the same or worse conditions and do not really grasp the core values and essence of life. + Spending time with loved ones - Medicine - Charities * Note: Symbols for Positive + and Negative -
  17. 17. Concepts Hand Motion Plant Finger Cacoon Goal Inspired Flashcards Models Hand Motion Plant Finger Cacoon Goal Inspired Flashcards Carissa Lo Lumea- Terminally Ill Patients by Carissa Lo Parsons School for Design Professor Robert Rabinovitz 7
  18. 18. Concept 1: Snowflake Design Direction Phase 3 Inspiration: Snowflake Dimensioned Snowflake Patterned Snowflake Flake Pendant Model
  19. 19. Concept 2: Finger Knitting Design Direction Inspiration: Fingers Fingers and Hands Phase 3 Dimensioned Yarnball Book Model Carissa Lo Lumea- Terminally Ill Patients by Carissa Lo Parsons School for Design Professor Robert Rabinovitz 8
  20. 20. Concept 3: Butterfly Design Direction Phase 3 Inspiration: Butterfly Top View Option of handel Side View Option of handel Butterfly Model
  21. 21. Lumea Final Product Inspiration: Relaxation Pendant Color Features Photo Magnet Tracking connection Ring Detail Carissa Lo Lumea- Terminally Ill Patients by Carissa Lo 9 Parsons School for Design Professor Robert Rabinovitz
  22. 22. Meaning of Lumea and Concept Lumea is in reference to the Moon Goddess Luna. She symbolizes protection of the skys above. On a specific day there is a ritual in rememberance for the goddess. By incorporat- ing a sense of tradition in the product it will give more cultural meaning. Moon Phases represents the cycle of change of time. The mechanism part of the product picture and the ring rotates on a track in a circular motion. The Sky display the infinate and timelessness of the vast space. The objective of the product is to create a sense of value and sacredness in the product experience when in use. The Stars represent a belief of wishes. Also star formation and cluster of stars connect to a bigger picture for instance constellations. Giving the consumer a chance to use the product it can create a sense of connection or link forming a relationship.
  23. 23. Materials Plastic Pellets Golden Chain Ball Bearing Steel Circular White Labels Magnets Pendant is made out of plastic pellets that are melted into a liquid and then is poured into a mould to form the shape of the pendant. Located on top of the pendant is a hole for the golden chain to go through it so the user can wear it around their neck. Ring is a ball bearing that is composed of steel. Photo Disc top surface has a flat surface to hold the circular white label that have adhesive backing. On the back side of the photo disc situated in the middle of the circle is a mag- net. There is also one on the top surface of the pendant to keep the photo attached to the pendant. Carissa Lo Lumea- Terminally Ill Patients by Carissa Lo 10 Parsons School for Design Professor Robert Rabinovitz
  24. 24. Views Top View Oblique View Bottom View Side View
  25. 25. Various Age Group Scenarios Carissa Lo Lumea- Terminally Ill Patients by Carissa Lo 11 Parsons School for Design Professor Robert Rabinovitz
  26. 26. Technical Rendering Cross Section and Exploded View
  27. 27. Technical Rendering Exploded View Carissa Lo Lumea- Terminally Ill Patients by Carissa Lo 12 Parsons School for Design Professor Robert Rabinovitz
  28. 28. User Scenario Step 1: Step 2: Step 3: Step 4: Step 5: Step 6: Taking the picture. Downloading the picture. Printing the picture. Peeling the picture off. Sticking the picture on the Giving the pendant to the pendant. patient.
  29. 29. User Scenario Step 7: Step 8: Step 9: Step 10: Step 11: Step 12: Patient wearing the pen- Taking the ring out. Talking to the ring. Giving the ring to a loved Listening to the ring. Rotating the picture. dant. one. Carissa Lo Lumea- Terminally Ill Patients by Carissa Lo 13 Parsons School for Design Professor Robert Rabinovitz
  30. 30. Resources Cabrini Medical Center Hospice 227E. 19th St. Stuyvesant (212) 995-6480 Cabrini Medical Centers- Bereavement Support Ser- vices (212)- 995- 6869 Jacob Perlow Hospice Continuum Hospice 1st Ave at 16th St Ms. Carolyn J. Cassin Ms. Annette Farrell T. (212) 420- 3370 F. (212) 420- 2420
  31. 31. Bibiliography Bhattacharya, Anupama. “The Pleasure Principle” 2/5/06 asp “Psychedelic-Assisted Psychotherapy for the Terminally Ill 2/1/06 “Older Persons’ Preferences for Site of Terminal Care” 2/3/06 July 20, 1999. Volume. 131 Issue 2. Pgs 109-112 “Timing of referral of terminally ill patients to an outpa- tient hospice” 2/3/06 June 9, 1994 pages 314-320 fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pub med&dopt=Abstract&list uids=8077995&query hl=2&itool=pub med docsum Emanuel, Ezekiel J., “Assistance from Family Members, Friends, Paid Care Givers, and Volunteers in the Care of Terminally Ill Patients.” The New England Journal of Medicine 2/3/06 September 23,1999. Volume 34, Pages 956-963, Number 13 ck=nck Carissa Lo 14 Lumea- Terminally Ill Patients by Carissa Lo Parsons School for Design Professor Robert Rabinovitz