THE MANIFESTO PROJECT
The Manifesto Project provides the scientific community with parties’
policy positions derived from a content analysis of parties’ electoral
It covers over 1000 parties from 1945 until today in over 50 countries
on five continents.
Countries: Democratic countries, mostly member countries of the
Elections: Parliamentary (lower house) elections since the first
democratic election in a country.
Parties: Programs of parties that gained at least one seat in parliament.
Documents: An authoritative document enacted and published by a
party before an election that outlines a party’s policy plan for the time
after the election and covers a broad range of policy issues.
TRAINING AND RULES
The coding (or annotation) is conducted by country experts.
The country expert coders are mostly political scientist or political
science students and native speakers.
STRUCTURE OF THE MAIN DATASET
Each row in the dataset represents one electoral program.
The variables party and date jointly uniquely identify every row in the
It covers 4282 manifestos issued at 715 elections in 56 countries.
Manifesto texts of political parties
Segmentation into semantic units
Tokenization into Bag-of-Words vectors
A web app has been developed, as a fork and evolution of
the “fipi” project.
Predicts political views of texts and newspaper articles.
Downloads, parses, and analyzes political articles from six major
Italian newspapers on the whole political spectrum
Corriere della Sera
Il Fatto Quotidiano
Il Sole 24 Ore
Based on Python (flask, scipy, scikit-learn, pandas and bs4),
Docker and AWS Elasticbeanstalk.
Code available on GitHub